74 records – page 1 of 2.

Bulkley Valley Historical & Museum Society outing to Telkwa

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions7031
Date Range
1985
Collection
Bulkley Valley Museum fonds
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
Scope and Content
Audio recording of a BVH&MS outing in 1985, apparently a walking tour of the Telkwa area attended by several museum staff members (including Jackson Hirota) and local seniors (including 'Marge' and 'Louis' (Schibli?), possibly Cornelius Bot?).
Collection
Bulkley Valley Museum fonds
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
Creator
Bulkley Valley Museum
Fonds No.
OF1
File No.
31
Physical Description
1 audio recording (MP3, WAV): 11 min 59 sec
Date Range
1985
Custodial History
The original recording was made in 1985. This was migrated to CD in 1994 and to the Museum's shared drive in 2018. In June 2021 the file was edited and enhanced using Audacity and saved as an MP3 and a WAV file. The original, unedited files from 2018 were retained.
Scope and Content
Audio recording of a BVH&MS outing in 1985, apparently a walking tour of the Telkwa area attended by several museum staff members (including Jackson Hirota) and local seniors (including 'Marge' and 'Louis' (Schibli?), possibly Cornelius Bot?).
Geographic Access
Telkwa, B.C.
Notes
Subjects discussed include the Walcott bridge, Bob Phillips, the 'Indian finger' rock formation, the first campground in Telkwa, the ghost towns of Hubert and Aldermere, and various historic buildings and sites in Telkwa including the Anglican Church, lych gate, birthplaces of several tour participants, Sargent's store, library, deli, Texaco, and bridges.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

Bulkley Valley Historical & Museum Society outing to Telkwa

Less detail

Interviews with Al Fletcher

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions12245
Date Range
[August-September] 1996
July 10 1997
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Scope and Content
Two interviews with Allen 'Al' Fletcher. One was recorded around August/September 1996 by Carol Morgenthaler as part of a BVLD radio show ("Our Heritage"). The other was recorded on July 10th 1997 by Misty Jorgen of the Bulkley Valley Museum. Includes raw and edited .WAV files and MP3 access files.
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Creator
Carol Morgenthaler;
Misty Jorgen
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.38
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
1.12 GB of digital records
Date Range
[August-September] 1996
July 10 1997
Scope and Content
Two interviews with Allen 'Al' Fletcher. One was recorded around August/September 1996 by Carol Morgenthaler as part of a BVLD radio show ("Our Heritage"). The other was recorded on July 10th 1997 by Misty Jorgen of the Bulkley Valley Museum. Includes raw and edited .WAV files and MP3 access files.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

First BVLD radio interview with Al Fletcher, after whom the Fletcher-Gardiner trail in the Babine Mountains was partially named. The trail was initially cleared by Fletcher's father Eli and later extended by Lefty Gardiner. Fletcher discusses how he guided pack trains and big game hunters (including an American who shot a record-breaking mountain goat) along this route for years. He expresses his displeasure that horses are now banned from the trail.

keywords

Babine Mountains; BC Parks; big game hunting; Eli Fletcher; Grassy Mountain; guide-outfitting; horseback riding; Lefty Gardiner; mountain goat hunting; pack trains; prospecting; Sunny Point; timber; Two Bridge Lake; world record goat

subjects

Fletcher-Gardiner trail

The song

keywords

subjects

country music; Edison Fletcher; music; song

Second BVLD radio interview with Al Fletcher. He recounts leading pack trains along the trail through harsh weather conditions, including one instance where he spent 65 days carrying diamond drill equipment for a mining operation.

keywords

Art Cope; Canyon Creek; Cronin Mine; diamond drilling; Highland Basin; Little Joe Lakes; mining claims; pack horses; park warden; prospecting; Silver King Basin; Victoria Basin; weather conditions

subjects

Fletcher-Gardiner trail; pack trains

Third and final BVLD interview with Al Fletcher. He recounts how he started out in the packing business, first working for Ben Nelson as a teenager before starting his own operation. Also discusses the difficulty of loading packs, the ideal pack horse, and how the horses are trained.

keywords

Ben Nelson; Driftwood Creek; horse training; pack horses

subjects

horses; pack trains; packing

Interview begins with a brief discussion of Al's father, Eli Fletcher, and his arrival in the Bulkley Valley in the early 1900s. The topic then switches to Al's job horse logging for the many small sawmills in the area, and a comparison between old and new forestry methods in terms of environmental impact.

keywords

1947 Pontiac Coupe; Eli Fletcher; environmental impact; layoffs; logging practices; logging regulations; lumber prices; Repap; shutdowns; Simon Gunanoot

subjects

forestry; horse logging; sawmills

Al Fletcher describes his work on pack trains in the 1930s and 40s, primarily in the Babine Mountains. He was one of the last people in the Bulkley Valley to work in the packing business. Also some discussion of the earlier history of packing and pack trails in the area.

keywords

Babine Mountains; Ben Nelson; Cataline; Duthie Mine; George Beirnes; government survey; Hazelton; horses; McDonnell Lake; Messners; morse code; pack horses; pack trails; prospectors; Silver King Basin; summer; telegraph cabins; Telegraph Trail; Wrinch Memorial Hospital

subjects

Babine Mountains; pack trains; packing

Fletcher discusses the Fletcher-Gardiner trail in the Babine Mountains, which was cut by his father, Eli, and later named after himself and Lefty Gardiner. He was appointed honorary park ranger after protesting the exclusion of horses from this trail.

keywords

Babine Mountains; Billy Gardiner; Eli Fletcher; honorary park ranger; Lefty Gardiner; Sunny Point; Two Bridge Lake

subjects

Fletcher-Gardiner trail; horseback riding; horses

The story of how Fletcher guided the man who shot the largest mountain goat on record for 50 years. A statue of the goat was later erected in Smithers.

keywords

1949; Ernest Hasse; miniature statues

subjects

big game hunting; goat statue; guide-outfitter; guide-outfitting; hunting; mountain goat; world record

After guiding for several years, Fletcher was approached to serve as a predator control officer for the Fish and Wildlife Branch. He served in this role for 16 years, helping control the numbers of wolves and bears in order to protect livestock and increase prey populations. Fletcher mentions several close calls during his experiences and recounts the hospitality and friendliness of people he met through the job.

keywords

Alberta wolves; bounties; bounty system; game warden; Kispiox Valley; snowstorms; weather conditions; wolf bounties

subjects

bear hunting; conservation; Fish and Wildlife; predator control officer; wolf hunting

In a continuation of the previous section, Fletcher expands upon his thoughts regarding animal conservation and predator control, as well as the opposition he has faced due to his job. Note: interview ends abruptly without a proper conclusion.

keywords

caribou count; feeding wildlife; moose count; Telkwa Mountains; Terrace; wildlife relocation

subjects

bears; caribou; conservation; population control; predator control; wildlife; wolves

Less detail

Interviews with Ed Malkow

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions12269
Date Range
Dec 6, 1988 - Jun 19, 1997
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Scope and Content
Two interviews with Ed Malkow, recorded on December 6th 1988 by BVM Curator Ruth Murdoch (as part of the "Growing Up in the Bulkley Valley" series) and on June 19th 1997 by Misty Jorgen. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, .MP3 access files, and .jpg release forms.
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Creator
Ruth Murdoch
Misty Jorgen
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.55 A-B
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
750 MB of digital records
Date Range
Dec 6, 1988 - Jun 19, 1997
Scope and Content
Two interviews with Ed Malkow, recorded on December 6th 1988 by BVM Curator Ruth Murdoch (as part of the "Growing Up in the Bulkley Valley" series) and on June 19th 1997 by Misty Jorgen. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, .MP3 access files, and .jpg release forms.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

Ed Malkow introduces himself and describes the home he grew up in and what chores he did there.

keywords

Anna Malkow; feeding animals; Glentanna; heating; livestock; Matt Malkow; milking cows; parents

subjects

childhood; chores; farm; home; responsibilities

Malkow discusses games he would play with neighbouring children. He also mentions attending the Glentanna School.

keywords

chicken houses; Florence Lundstrom; Glentanna School; hide and seek; Lapadats; Lundstroms; Miss Nesbitt; races; racing; skiing; Skubas; teacher

subjects

childhood; friends; games; neighbours; playing; recreation; school

Malkow recounts his earliest memories of going into Smithers with this father.

keywords

1924; Matt Malkow; shopping; sleigh; socialization; Zobnick's

subjects

Smithers

Malkow describes his childhood Christmases.

keywords

Christmas concert; food; gifts; music; Santa Claus; singing

subjects

Christmas; holidays

Malkow describes a baseball team that he played on during his youth. He also gives a short anecdote about how the Glentanna School got enough students to receive government support. (Note: interview ends abruptly without proper conclusion).

keywords

Al Fletcher; Dave Mattson; Dick Gilbert; Ed Latry; Florence Lundstrom; Frank Gilbert; practice; Ralph Dieter; school; transportation; truck

subjects

baseball; baseball team; softball; sports

Malkow describes how his father arrived in the Bulkley Valley in the early 1900s and pre-empted farmland from the government.

keywords

Aldermere; birth; buying land; clearing land; Malkow family; Matt Malkow; packing; Prince Rupert; surveying; Ukraine; walking

subjects

farmland; immigration; pre-empting land; pre-emption

Malkow describes the Glentanna farm on which he was raised - including how the log cabin was built, what kind of animals they raised, and how car engines were used to run various types of machinery.

keywords

animals; buzz saw; car engines; cutting wood; Glentanna; grinding grain; lumber; Malkow Lookout; milking cows

subjects

construction; farm; farming; house; livestock; sawmill

Malkow discusses the scarcity of cars and the poor quality of roads in the early days, as well as the changes brought about when cars became more commonplace in the mid-to-late 1920s.

keywords

first car; flat tires; Model T Ford

subjects

cars; road conditions; roads; transportation

Malkow discusses attending the one-room school at Glentanna.

keywords

custodial work; grades; horseback riding; horses; Miss Hudson; Miss MacDonald; Miss Nesbitt; Miss Simpson; Miss Smith; teachers; walking to school

subjects

education; Glentanna School; school

Malkow discusses playing hockey and softball as a child.

keywords

baseball; Frank Gilbert; hockey; ice skating; King Street; skating rink; softball; softball teams; transportation; truck; Wilf Watson

subjects

entertainment; recreation; sports

Malkow describes what Smithers looked like in the early days, including the buildings and drainage ditches along Main Street.

keywords

Alfred Avenue; Bigelow Creek; Central Clothing; hotel; Mason's Drug Store; shoe store; Zobnick

subjects

buildings; Main Street; Main Street ditches; Smithers

Malkow discusses the careers he pursued in his adult life, including farming, electrical work, plumbing, carpentry at the airport, and firefighting.

keywords

Air Force; Air Force personnel; aircraft; airport; Al Wall; carpentry; construction; farming; fire department; firefighting; J.J. Herman; Oakie McCammon; planes; plumbing; radio course; Sprott Shaw College

subjects

electrician; employment; jobs; occupations; Smithers airport; working

Malkow explains the effects of the Great Depression upon Smithers, particularly those who lived in town rather than in the countryside.

keywords

bartering; dollar value; relief; trading

subjects

Great Depression; Smithers

Malkow discusses the fires which have occurred in Smithers over the years, particularly the destructive Main Street fire of 1944. (Note: interview ends abruptly without a conclusion).

keywords

Blue Goose Cafe; Edmonds sisters; McGill Building; O'Neill's Garage

subjects

fires

Less detail

Interviews with Ellen Coyle Myton

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions12237
Date Range
April 1987
[1987]
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Scope and Content
Two interviews with Ellen Myton (nee Coyle), daughter of egg carton inventor and Interior News founder Joseph Coyle. One was recorded in April 1987 by Carol Morgenthaler as part of a BVLD radio show. The other was recorded at an unknown date (prior to Myton's death around 1999) by Bulkley Valley Mu…
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Creator
Carol Morgenthaler
Ruth Murdoch?
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.31
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
733 MB of digital records
Date Range
April 1987
[1987]
Scope and Content
Two interviews with Ellen Myton (nee Coyle), daughter of egg carton inventor and Interior News founder Joseph Coyle. One was recorded in April 1987 by Carol Morgenthaler as part of a BVLD radio show. The other was recorded at an unknown date (prior to Myton's death around 1999) by Bulkley Valley Museum staff. Includes raw and edited .WAV files and MP3 access files.
Notes
Second interviewer unidentified but sounds like Ruth Murdoch.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

Ellen Coyle Myton gives an overview of her father's career, from working a boyhood job at a newspaper office in Ontario, to becoming the founder of the Interior News in Aldermere.

keywords

Aldermere; careers; Juno, Alaska; Ontario; Telkwa; typesetting; Washington state

subjects

Interior News; Joseph Coyle

Myton recounts her memories of Aldermere, including the difficulty of receiving water and milk, the precise location of the town, and a sled that her father gave her when she was a little girl.

keywords

Aldermere Heights; childhood; Croteau's ranch; location of Aldermere; sleigh; Telkwa; Tona Hetherington

subjects

Aldermere

Myton describes how her father ran the Interior News as a one-man business in Aldermere, including what sort of news was reported and how it was gathered.

keywords

isolation; London, England; news; newspapers; printing; typesetting; winter

subjects

Aldermere; business; Interior News

Myton discusses her family's move to Smithers around 1913-14 and life in the town during its earliest days.

keywords

Bulkley Hotel; cars; clearing land; ditches; Doodson's butcher shop; Joseph Coyle; Muriel Adams; news; pack train; railroad; roads

subjects

childhood; Interior News; Smithers

Myton describes where her family moved after Smithers and how her father's egg carton business expanded over the following years.

keywords

1920s; business; California; Depression of 1920-1921; invention; Los Angeles; Vancouver

subjects

egg carton; Joseph Coyle

Myton describes her teaching career and adult life, including moves along the west coast and a vacation to Europe.

keywords

Bellingham, Washington; Europe; New Westminster; retirement; Santa Monica, California; teaching

subjects

careers; Ellen Coyle Myton

Having returned to Smithers for the 80th anniversary of the Interior News, Ellen Coyle Myton describes her impression of the town and how it has changed since she left.

keywords

anniversary; Interior News; old vs. new

subjects

Smithers

Interview begins with Ellen Coyle Myton discussing the Catholic missionary Father Godfrey (Eichelsbacher), who baptized her as a child, as well as the Anglican Church that her mother attended in Telkwa. Note: interview starts mid-sentence without any introduction.

keywords

Anglicanism; baptism; Catholicism; Father Godfrey Eichelsbacher; mass; missionary; priest; Telkwa Anglican Church; worship

subjects

religion

Myton shares her childhood memories of Smithers, including the time she fell in the Main Street ditch.

keywords

Adams Drugstore; Jean Kilpatrick; Main Street ditch; Muriel Adams

subjects

childhood; Smithers

Myton describes her father's invention of the egg carton and how her family supported itself after leaving Smithers.

keywords

Depression of 1920-1921; Interior News; Jack McNeil; Los Angeles; Patrick Coyle; Vancouver

subjects

egg carton; inventions; Joseph Coyle

Subject changes abruptly (mid-sentence) to outings and social events in early Smithers, as well as Joseph Coyle's ranch and brick-making business in Tatlow. Interview ends without a proper conclusion.

keywords

berry picking; boating; brick-making business; cars; Chicken Lake; fishing; gatherings; Joseph Coyle; kiln; Lake Kathlyn; Moricetown; outdoors; picnics; salmon; Tatlow; Witset

subjects

outings; Smithers; social events

Less detail

Interviews with Frank Parker Sr.

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions12288
Date Range
Jan. 29, 1982 - Sept. 17, 1993
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Scope and Content
Two interviews with Frank Parker Sr., recorded on January 29th 1982 by Tom W. Parken and on September 17th 1993 by Colin Wilmot. Includes raw and edited .WAV files and .MP3 access files. No release forms located.
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Creator
Tom Parken
Colin Wilmot
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.64
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
1.12 GB of digital records
Date Range
Jan. 29, 1982 - Sept. 17, 1993
Scope and Content
Two interviews with Frank Parker Sr., recorded on January 29th 1982 by Tom W. Parken and on September 17th 1993 by Colin Wilmot. Includes raw and edited .WAV files and .MP3 access files. No release forms located.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

Frank Parker Sr. gives an overview of his railway career, beginning as a brakeman in his teenage years and eventually becoming a full-time conductor.

keywords

Edmonton, Alberta; Edson, Alberta; Great Depression; Green Terminal; Middlesex County, Ontario; Smithers; Wainwright, Alberta; World War II

subjects

brakeman; conductor; employment; jobs; occupations; railway

Parker talks about the steps required to become a railway conductor and how jobs were awarded on the basis of seniority.

keywords

A book; Alaska highway; B book; examinations; seniority; tests; World War II

subjects

conductor; promotion; railway

Parker discusses the railway work he has done outside of Smithers over the years.

keywords

death of child

subjects

Kamloops; Prince Rupert; Winnipeg; work

Parker explains that the transition from the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway to Canadian National Railways had little effect on his day-to-day work, although it did result in some improvements to the train tracks.

keywords

improvements; steel; ties; train tracks; upgrades

subjects

Canadian National; Grand Trunk Pacific; railways

Parker discusses the role the railway played in transporting all manner of goods to, from, and throughout the Bulkley Valley.

keywords

goods; LCL freight; meat cars; responsibilities; shipping; work hours

subjects

Bulkley Valley; development; railway; transportation; work

Parker discusses the importance of following the rules in a dangerous job such as railroad work.

keywords

subjects

railway work; rules; safety

Parker relays the story of how he once shot a goose from aboard the train.

keywords

goose; rafting; train

subjects

anecdotes; hunting

Parker discusses the one serious accident of his railway career - a derailment at Forestdale.

keywords

Endako; Forestdale; Sid Robinson; Vernon Glass; water car

subjects

accidents; derailment

Parker talks about using the rotary plow ('Rupert plow') to clear heavy snow off the tracks. He also mentions snow sheds, tunnels which were used to protect trains from avalanches.

keywords

Kwinitsa; snow sheds

subjects

avalanches; rotary plow; snowslides

Parker discusses his time working as a conductor on passenger trains, first between Smithers and Prince Rupert and later out of Winnipeg. Includes a story about an incident with a thief aboard one of the trains.

keywords

crime; night runs; theft; Winnipeg

subjects

conductor; passenger train; transport; working with the public

Parker tells a story about how he accidentally ran the caboose into the back of the train while attempting to bring it down a slope.

keywords

caboose

subjects

accident; railway; train

Parker discusses the decline of passenger trains as travel by car and plane became more commonplace.

keywords

day coaches; Watrous; Winnipeg

subjects

changes over time; passenger traffic; passenger train; transit; transportation

Parker discusses the attitudes of engineers regarding the transition from steam power to diesel power.

keywords

subjects

diesel power; engineers; steam power; trains

Parker discusses how the Smithers route became a branch line of the CNR after the GTP merged with Canadian National.

keywords

branch line; main line; revenue; train routes

subjects

Canadian National Railways; CNR; Grand Trunk Pacific; GTP; railroads; railways; trains

Parker was the oldest conductor in service in the Western Region at the time of his retirement, having worked on the railway for 48 years.

keywords

Bill Duff; Grand Trunk Pacific Railway; pension

subjects

retirement

Parker reflects on his decades of service on the railway, discussing topics such as improvements in working conditions, the pride people took in their jobs, how hard they worked during the War years, and his feelings on retirement.

keywords

'golden handshake'; accommodations; bunkhouses; lodgings; pensions; World War II

subjects

railway; retirement; working conditions

Parker talks about a satirical poem that a railway worker wrote about soldiers during World War II.

keywords

armoured train; Pacific; restaurant

subjects

poetry; railway workers; soldiers; World War II

A short note from the interviewer (Tom Parken) regarding several instances when the interview was cut short. (All have been edited out of the final recording).

keywords

subjects

Frank Parker Sr. discusses his work as a conductor on a freight train from 1922 to 1965.

keywords

brakeman; railway crew; train orders

subjects

conductor; employment; freight train; jobs; occupation; railway

Parker discusses clearing mud/slow/rock slides and operating the flanger car.

keywords

flanger; gravel; rotary plow; Tony Garcia; wing plow

subjects

mudslides; railway; rockslides; slides; snowslides

Parker says he has no personal stories about working on the railway. He briefly talks about the gravel cars which were hooked up to the flanger.

keywords

Tony Garcia

subjects

flanger; gravel cars; railway

Less detail

Interviews with Jean and Reg Heal

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions12250
Date Range
November 19 1988
August 14 1997
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Scope and Content
Two interviews with Reg and Jean Heal (nee Gregerson). One was recorded on November 19th 1988 by Ruth Murdoch as part of the "Growing Up in the Bulkley Valley" series. The other was recorded on August 14th 1997 by Misty Jorgen at the Heals' home in Smithers. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, .MP3…
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Creator
Ruth Murdoch;
Misty Jorgen
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.43
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
4.93 GB of digital records
Date Range
November 19 1988
August 14 1997
Scope and Content
Two interviews with Reg and Jean Heal (nee Gregerson). One was recorded on November 19th 1988 by Ruth Murdoch as part of the "Growing Up in the Bulkley Valley" series. The other was recorded on August 14th 1997 by Misty Jorgen at the Heals' home in Smithers. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, .MP3 access files, and .jpg release forms.
Notes
Sound quality of both interviews is very poor due to high background noise and low interviewee volume.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

Introduction of Reg and Jean Heal, giving their years and places of birth and some info about their parents.

keywords

Ernest Heal; Evelyn; Heal farm; horse and wagon; Mary Fryer Heal; Mary Gregerson; road conditions; Smithers Town Hall; Telkwa; Tyhee Lake

subjects

birth info; Jean Gregerson; Reg Heal

Jean and Reg share childhood memories of playing outdoors on their families' farms.

keywords

barbecues; calf roping; cat; creek; dog; Evelyn School; frogs; grouse; homemade skis; lassoing; Margaret Gregerson; Mary Gregerson; pollywogs; pond; rabbits; skiing; sleigh rides; spring; summer; Ted Gregerson; Telkwa Barbecue; winter

subjects

childhood; family; outdoors; play; recreation; siblings

Jean Heal recounts the chores that she did as a child and where her mother sold the goods produced by the family farm.

keywords

butter; carrying water; chickens; chicks; eggs; firewood; Mary Gregerson; milking cows; school; Telkwa Creamery; Valentine Dairy; Watson's Store

subjects

chores; farm; responsibilities

Jean recalls how special her family's horses were to her, telling stories of sleigh rides, the death of a favourite horse, and a time when the new horses attempted to run away.

keywords

colic; death; horse driving; horse team; Mary Gregerson; runaway horses; sickness; sleigh; sleighing

subjects

animals; horses

Jean discusses a special tree in her family's barnyard which served as a stopping point for travelers and a place of trade between the Gregerson family and local Indigenous peoples. She also describes tending to her family's gardens and harvesting some of the weeds to eat.

keywords

chores; church; Evelyn School; fish; Indigenous people; Mary Gregerson; nettles; pigweed; stopping place; trading; washing

subjects

favourite place; gardens; tree; weeding

Jean Heal shares a story of how her mother and several neighbours rescued a calf which had fallen through the ice into a river.

keywords

Fred Rosberg; ice; Lee Johnson; Mr. Owens?; Mrs. Johnson; Selma Rosberg; winter

subjects

calf; Mary Gregerson; rescue; river

Jean recounts games that she used to play as a child, both and hole and at school.

keywords

Ante-Ante-I-Over; hide and seek; Prisoner's Base; school; scrub baseball; snow forts; snow tunnel; snowball fights; tag; teacher

subjects

entertainment; games; play; recreation

Jean recounts her memories of Christmas as a child, particularly the scarcity of money and presents. Note that the latter section about traplines is almost inaudible.

keywords

Auntie Meg; Christmas concerts; Christmas trees; cup and saucer; furs; Japanese oranges; no presents; parcel; trapline; trapping

subjects

Christmas; holidays

Jean talks about how the family rarely went in to Smithers all together, as someone always had to be left behind to do chores on the farm. She also mentions how horses and wagons would cut across Lake Kathlyn when it was frozen, which sometimes ended in disaster.

keywords

Beaton's Barn; Belgian horse team; clearing snow; horses; ice; ice houses; Lake Kathlyn; sleigh; wagon; winter

subjects

Smithers; transportation; travel

Jean recalls entertaining school events such as noon hour dances and end-of-the-year picnics, as well as which hours of the day the different grades started and left school.

keywords

Henry Johnson; ice cream; May 24th; musical instruments; Orville Elliott; school hours; school picnics; school times; Trout Creek; Victoria Day

subjects

dancing; Evelyn School; events; picnic; school

Jean explains the essential roles that women, such as her mother Mary Gregerson, played in rural society.

keywords

canning; cars; driving; food preservation; meet curing

subjects

chores; jobs; responsibilities; women; women's labour

Reg Heal recalls his childhood on the family farm near Tyhee Lake, with a focus on chores such as hauling hay and milking cows.

keywords

chickens; clover seed; cows; crops; dairy; hauling hay; hay rake; horses; milking cows; tie cutting; timothy seed

subjects

childhood; chores; farms; responsibilities

Reg recalls toys, games, and other forms of entertainment from his childhood, particularly winter sports such as skating and skiing.

keywords

Barger Ranch; hide and seek; homemade skis; pop guns; skating; skiing; sleigh riding; softball; toy train; Tyhee Lake

subjects

entertainment; games; sports; toys

Reg gives his memories of Christmas at his paternal grandparents' (Fred and Ann Heal) house.

keywords

Ann Anderson Heal; beefsteak pudding; English; Fred Heal; gramophone; music; plum pudding

subjects

Christmas; grandparents; holidays

Reg gives his memories of attending school in Telkwa, including a story about a time the horse he was riding turned around and brought him back home.

keywords

subjects

chores; grandparents' house; horse riding; horses; Hubert; school; Telkwa School; tie contract; wood packing

Reg recounts Christmas and New Year's gatherings with the tie camp workers at Hubert, including one man who would buy presents and play Santa Claus for the children. He and Jean also discuss dances held at Evelyn and how young men would have to ask permission from a woman's parents to dance with her.

keywords

accordion; chaperones; dancing; fiddling; Hubert; Hubert townsite; Mary Heal Jr; music; New Year's Dance; Oscar Englund; presents; raft; Santa Claus; tie camp; tie cutters; toy train; Victor Lundstrom; workers

subjects

Christmas; dances; gatherings; holidays; New Year's; social events

While discussing the general self-sufficiency of the era (1920s & 30s), Jean describes how she would raise chicks in an incubator and later sell the fryers at Lake Kathlyn. Reg talks about how his father would deliver eggs and chickens to hotels and restaurants in town. Also some discussion of the low prices of the time.

keywords

bicycling; biking; carrying water; chicks; costs; eggs; Ernie Heal; fryers; incubator; Lake Kathlyn; Mary Gregerson; Model T Ford; no money; prices; restaurants; school; summer homes; transportation; walking

subjects

chores; deliveries; errands; prices; raising chickens; self-sufficiency; selling goods

In a continuation of the previous topic, Jean and Reg discuss the end of the Depression and the start of WWII, including the arrival of extra workers to build the Smithers Airport, Jean's role making items for the Red Cross, and why Reg was unsuccessful in joining the army.

keywords

airport construction; bandages; broken eardrum; ear infection; essential worker; extra workers; farming; knitting; mining; sewing; Telkwa Colleries; war effort

subjects

army; Great Depression; military service; Red Cross; Smithers Airport; World War II

Interview concludes with various additional reminiscences of Reg's and Jean's, including: clearing land, knitting and sewing, a 1929 Oldsmobile bought and repaired by Reg as a teenager, teacher Phyllis Davidson, the friendliness of Indigenous neighbours, and forms of financial relief during the Great Depression. Note: interview ends suddenly without a proper conclusion.

keywords

1929 Oldsmobile; cars; clean-up plant; clearing land; driver's license; Eaton's; Great Depression; Moricetown; Mr. Joe Nass; Mrs. Joe Nass; Phyllis Davidson; relief camps; relief funds; repairing machinery; Singer sewing machine; teacher; welfare; Witset

subjects

cars; financial aid; financial assistance; Indigenous people; knitting; memories; sewing

Jean Gregerson Heal recounts the histories of her parents, their occupations, how they met and came to Canada after the First World War, and their arrival and marriage in Smithers. She also tells of her birth in Smithers' town hall during a thunderstorm.

keywords

Alaska; Alfred Avenue; appendix; Beaton's Barn; birth; Boer War; Bulkley Hotel; Copper River Slim; coyote carpet; delivering babies; diagnoses; Donald Lake; Duluth, Minnesota; Elliotts; England; Evelyn; furs; gardening; homesteading; Hudson Bay Company; immigration; Ingrid Palmer; Johnny Johnson; Johnsons; livery stable; logging; marriage; McDonell Lake; military hospital; Mr. and Mrs. Beaton; Norway; nurse; Petersons; practical nursing; railroad; Scotland; Smithers; South Africa; South African War; St. James Anglican Church; town hall; trapping; Vancouver; Vimy Ridge; war bride; wartime experiences; Wiggs O'Neill; World War I; wounded in action

subjects

family history; Gilbert Gregerson; Gregerson family; Mary Gregerson

Jean describes how her parents moved to the Evelyn area shortly after their marriage and made a living as farmers. She discusses the typical work that was done on the farm, her mother's career as a midwife, and the hazards of travelling over the frozen Lake Kathlyn to get to Smithers or cut ice.

keywords

bread; canning; credit; curing meat; delivering babies; driving; first car; food preservation; groceries; horses; ice cutting; ice houses; Jim Waddington; knitting; Lake Kathlyn; lamps; lighting; livestock; medal; midwife; Mr. and Mrs. Miller; nursing; produce; Railway Avenue; reading; Red Cross campaign; sewing; Smithers; socializing; Soldier Settlement Board; Thornes; transportation; Watson's Store; winter

subjects

Evelyn; farming; Gilbert Gregerson; Mary Gregerson

Jean talks about growing up in Evelyn with her twin sister Margaret and brother Ted. She describes the chores that the children did around the farm, as well as school and recreation.

keywords

berry picking; birth; carrying water; chickens; chopping wood; cream separating; doctors; Dr. Cecil Hankinson; Dr. L.M. (Lawrence) Greene; eggs; feeding animals; games; gardening; homework; making butter; Margaret Gregerson; milking cows; Mrs. Gray; nurse; Prince Rupert; school; skiing; Smithers Hospital; Ted Gregerson; Telkwa Creamery; town hall; twins; Valentine's Dairy; Vanderhoof

subjects

childhood; chores; Evelyn; farm; siblings

Jean describes her education at Evelyn School, including special events such as parties, concerts, picnics, dancing, and examinations.

keywords

activities; blackboards; busing; Christmas concerts; classmates; correspondence courses; dancing; doctor; Dr. F. Vere Agnew; Driftwood; Ella Currie; embroidery; entrance exam; examinations; fishing; flower garden; Halloween parties; Henry Johnson; ice cream; ink; inkwells; inspection; Kitseguecla; local dances; Marjorie Jacquot; May 24th picnic; medical exam; Mr. Muir; Mr. Plumber; music; musical instruments; nib pens; oral tests; Orville Elliott; Phyllis Davidson; picnics; school house; sewing; singing; students; swimming; teachers; Toboggan Creek; Toboggan Lake; Trout Creek; Verna Marett; Victor Lundstrom

subjects

education; Evelyn School; school; special events

Jean discusses her life after graduation: working for various local families, meeting Reg Heal at a dance at Driftwood, and eventually marrying him.

keywords

Barbara Heal Hurstfield; children; correspondence courses; Credit Union; dance; Dr. L.M. (Lawrence) Greene; Driftwood School; Evelyn; gas rations; Glentanna; Hazelton; honeymoon; Jean Gair; Lawrence Heal; music; musicians; Prince Rupert; Smithers; Sorrento, BC; United Church; Walcott

subjects

employment; marriage; Reg Heal; work

Jean discusses the location and history of the Evelyn community, and describes what life was like there in the 1920s and 30s.

keywords

Adam's Igloo; agriculture; Andrew Johnson; Auntie Meg; bicycle; burning; canning; carpenter; cattle; chickens; Christmas; clearing land; cream; Doughty; driving horses; Ed Johnson; eggs; Evelyn School; farmers; hand-me-downs; haying; health; ice loading; incubator; Jack Johnson; livelihoods; MacMillans; Mary Gregerson; moose; Mr. and Mrs. Nichols; Mr. Fagerlid; odd jobs; Owens family; parcel; picking rocks; population; post office; raising chickens; Rosbergs; Scandinavians; section foreman; sickness; Storey family; subdivisions; Trout Creek; women's labour

subjects

Evelyn; history; rural life

Jean continues her discussion of Evelyn, with a focus on the various buildings, businesses, and community events there.

keywords

badminton; bunkhouse; church; concerts; doctor's office; Elks Hall; Evelyn Community Hall; Evelyn post office; Evelyn Station; flagging; halibut; hay shed; house; Jim Storey; L.B. Storey; Masons; minister; Mr. Fagerlid; Mr. Rosberg; New Year's dance; social events; station houses; stationmaster; Storeys; Toboggan Lake; train station; transportation of goods; United Church; waiting room; weddings; Women's Institute

subjects

buildings; businesses; community events; community organizations; Evelyn; Evelyn Hall; railway; special events

Interview cuts to a different conversation regarding a map of Evelyn. Jean identifies where different families lived and who later took over their properties.

keywords

Evelyn School; highway; Toboggan Creek

subjects

Evelyn; farms; properties

Jean discusses the many families who resided in Evelyn and what they did for a living. (Note: the spelling of these names has been verified with the Interior News whenever possible, but may not be 100% accurate in all instances).

keywords

Andrew Johnson; Castells; Charlie McGuire; Dave Bird; dugout; Ed Johnson; Elliotts; Fagerlids; farming; Fred Castell; George Ballard; George Storey; Gus Olsen; Hanson's farm; Helge Karlsen; highways; ice cream store; Jim Capling; John Johnson; John Tyne; Leipes; loading ties; MacMillans; McDonalds; mining; Mr. McMaster; Murrays; Oscar Engman; Owens family; Palmesons; Pedersens; Petersons; post office; Rosbergs; section man; Smalls; station agent; Trigvie; W. Siler; Yeliches

subjects

Evelyn; families; farmers; livelihoods; occupations

Interview cuts suddenly to a discussion about log driving along the Skeena.

keywords

Hazelton; Scandinavians

subjects

log driving; river drives; Skeena River; transport

Reg Heal's section of the interview begins with a discussion of his family's history. He explains how the Heals came to the Bulkley Valley in the early 1900s and what jobs they took up once there.

keywords

Ann Anderson Heal; birth; clearing land; doctor; Ernest Heal; family farm; Fred Heal; government work; Hagwilget Bridge; Hazelton; land pre-emption; Mary Fryer Heal; midwife; Olof Hanson; policeman; Saanich; sternwheeler; tie contracts; tie cutting; Tyhee Lake; Victoria; work

subjects

family history; farming; Heal family; occupations

Short discussion of local politician and businessman Olof Hanson.

keywords

airport; Hubert; office; politics; Smithers

subjects

Olof Hanson

Reg explains how a demand for timothy seed saved many farmers' livelihoods during the Great Depression.

keywords

agriculture; crops; harvesting; seeding; threshing

subjects

farmers; farming; Great Depression; timothy seed

Reg briefly discusses his father Ernest's contract to help clear a section of the Smithers townsite in 1913.

keywords

contract; Jack Oakes; Main Street; swamp

subjects

clearing land; employment; Ernest Heal; Smithers townsite; work

Reg briefly discusses his school days in Telkwa.

keywords

grades; student population; teachers

subjects

education; school; Telkwa School

Reg discusses the work he did after leaving school as a teenager, first on the family farm and later at a sawmill. He describes in detail how the ties were cut at the mill.

keywords

bush camp; clearing land; cutting wood; ploughing

subjects

cutting ties; employment; farm work; labour; sawmill; work

Reg discusses his later work as an ice cutter on Lake Kathlyn, detailing how the ice was cut, loaded, transported by train, and unloaded at its destination. (Note: section from about 2:10:25 to 2:11:30 is particularly difficult to understand).

keywords

box car; bunkhouse; Charlie Wilson; contract; ice houses; Larry Warner; loading ice; Olof Hanson; Orville Rosberg; payment; Prince George; train; train car; unloading ice; wages

subjects

employment; ice cutting; Lake Kathlyn; work

Reg talks about working at the Telkwa Coal Mine during the Second World War, as he was unable to join the military due to an ear problem.

keywords

Bulkley Valley Collieries; bunkhouse; Dockrills; employees; miners; mining papers; powder; types of coal; unloading coal; World War II

subjects

coal mining; employment; Telkwa Coal Mine; work

Reg discusses the former town of Hubert, where his father used to rent land while hewing ties.

keywords

bridge; buildings; divisional point; farms; government building; location; population; railway stations; stores; townsite

subjects

Hubert

Reg discusses his 25 years spent working for the school district as a bus driver and maintenance worker. (Note: interview ends suddenly without a proper conclusion).

keywords

bus drivers; bus driving; buses; employees; maintenance work; repair work; repairs

subjects

employment; School District 54; work

Less detail

Interviews with John Lapadat

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions12259
Date Range
December 13 1988
October 2003
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Scope and Content
Two interviews with John Lapadat. One was recorded on December 13th 1988 by Ruth Murdoch as part of the "Growing Up in the Bulkley Valley" series. The other was self-recorded by John Lapadat in October 2003. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, .MP3 access files, and a .jpg release form.
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Creator
Ruth Murdoch;
John Lapadat
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.52
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
1.14 GB of digital records
Date Range
December 13 1988
October 2003
Scope and Content
Two interviews with John Lapadat. One was recorded on December 13th 1988 by Ruth Murdoch as part of the "Growing Up in the Bulkley Valley" series. The other was self-recorded by John Lapadat in October 2003. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, .MP3 access files, and a .jpg release form.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

John Lapadat introduces himself and describes the Glentanna farm on which he grew up, some of the chores that were performed, and a few incidents such as being burned by a cookstove and dealing with bed bugs.

keywords

1920s; Anna Lapadat; bathing; bedbugs; bricklayer; carrying water; cows; farm animals; Grand Trunk Pacific Railway; injury; John Lapadat Sr.; knitting; livestock; log house; McClary wood stove; pigs; roundhouse; shearing sheep; sheep; siblings; ticks; veterinarian; Victoria

subjects

birth; childhood; chores; farm; farmhouse; home; house

Lapadat describes a number of contributions his family made to the Glentanna School: they donated the land on which it stood, his mother served on the school board, his attendance allowed the school to receive provincial funding, and as a young boy he worked as the school janitor.

keywords

chores; cleaning; donating land; provincial funding; raise; school board; wages

subjects

duties; Glentanna School; janitor; responsibilities; school

Lapadat describes the work that he and his family did on the farm, including looking after the livestock, breeding and training racehorses, delivering produce to Smithers, and raising hogs for the government during the Great Depression.

keywords

agriculture; Burns & Company; butchering; butter; chickens; cream; crops; delivering goods; Great Depression; horse races; milking cows; mixed farming; prices; racehorses; smokehouse; trading; vegetables; Watson's Store

subjects

chores; farm work; farming; livestock; produce; raising pigs

Lapadat discusses special places where he liked to play as a child, and what games and sports he occupied his free time with.

keywords

Bennett buggies; buried treasure; Christmas concerts; Columbia Street; Driftwood School; gardening; Glacier House; Glacier Roadhouse; Glentanna School; horse racing; horse training; horseback riding; Hungry Hill; hunting; Olive Evan; roadhouse; ski jump; sleigh rides; softball; tent; transportation systems; weeding

subjects

favourite places; games; locations; playing; recreation; sports

Lapadat discusses his school days, including the harsh treatment of his sister for being left-handed, the ways in which teachers tried (and failed) to maintain discipline, the chores performed by students, and the annual Christmas concerts.

keywords

31 Model B Ford; car; carrying water; corporal punishment; Della Herman; ghost stories; horse barn; left-handedness; Mackenzies; MacLean Method; Mary Simpson; misbehaviour; Mrs. Chapman; repeating grades; Santa Claus; singing; skipping grades; song; stage; stockings; trauma

subjects

chores; Christmas concerts; discipline; Glentanna School; grades; lunch; school; teachers

Lapadat talks about what means of transportation were used to get to and from town, as well as the usual reason for making these trips.

keywords

automobiles; Buick; cars; Chrysler; hauling wood; Model T truck; sleighs; wagons

subjects

Smithers; transportation; vehicles

Lapadat returns to the subject of Christmas, discussing how the family would often share the holiday meal with itinerant workers during the Depression.

keywords

cooking; food; geese; goose; turkeys

subjects

Christmas; Christmas dinner; Great Depression; meals; workers

Lapadat discusses the dances that were held at Glentanna School. He also mentions how his father was forced to sell the family farm during the Depression.

keywords

desks; Louise Gilbert; music; musicians; Oscar Engman; Ralph Dieter; schoolhouse

subjects

dances; dancing; Great Depression; social events

Lapadat concludes with two brief stories: one about a meteorite crash that occurred while the family was returning from Smithers, and one about the reading material available to him as a student.

keywords

animal euthanasia; Mr. Griffin; National Geographics; retired professor

subjects

accident; books; education; horse; meteor; meteorite; reading; resource materials

John Lapadat recounts some of his memories of Hudson Bay Mountain, including the first annual ski championship he remembers watching, a youth ski camping expedition which became stranded in low visibility conditions, and the time his son Ron was caught in an avalanche.

keywords

'Sleeping Beauty'; avalanche; Chris Dahlie; hauling snow; Hudson Bay Mountain glacier; low visibility conditions; Nancy Greene league; Ron Lapadat; shelter; Simpson's Gulch; ski jumping; Smithers Ski Club; the Prairie; Tony Lapadat; youth

subjects

annual ski championship; avalanche; Hudson Bay Mountain; recreation; ski camping trip; ski tournaments; skiing; sports; stories

Lapadat discusses how the Smithers Ski Club developed the ski hill on Hudson Bay Mountain and gave ski lessons to revive its declining membership.

keywords

Canadian Ski Alliance; Chris Dahlie; Daryl Van Tine; Duthie Mine Road; Everett Person; fire protection road; first tournament; Jorgen Dahlie; Prince George; Ross Phillips; ski accident; ski cabins; ski tow; the Prairie; Town of Smithers; Warren Hill; water reservoir; Zobnick Road ski area

subjects

Hudson Bay Mountain; instructor's courses; membership; ski hill; ski lessons; skiing; Smithers Ski Club

Lapadat concludes with the story of his unsuccessful attempt to hike the highest peak of Hudson Bay Mountain with a jar of ashes from Mount St. Helens.

keywords

hypothermia; Lois Lapadat; Oscar; peppermint schnapps; Swiss Club

subjects

eruption of Mount St. Helens; highest peak; hiking; Hudson Bay Mountain

Less detail

Interview with Allan Collison

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions12234
Date Range
November 23 1988
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Scope and Content
Interview with Allan Collison, recorded on November 23 1988 by Ruth Murdoch as part of the "Growing Up in the Bulkley Valley" audio interview series. Includes raw and edited .WAV file, an MP3 access file, and a .pdf release form.
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Creator
Ruth Murdoch
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.28
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
288 MB of digital records
Date Range
November 23 1988
Scope and Content
Interview with Allan Collison, recorded on November 23 1988 by Ruth Murdoch as part of the "Growing Up in the Bulkley Valley" audio interview series. Includes raw and edited .WAV file, an MP3 access file, and a .pdf release form.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

Where the Collisons are from and why they moved to Smithers.

keywords

Bulkley Valley; cat; dog; fire control; Henry Takema; honey wagon; Hoskins; Leona Wall; Main Street ditch; Smithers; Tom Collison; Vera Collison; World War II

subjects

Family; Smithers

What kids used to do in the 1950s.

keywords

ball; bush; hockey; railway crossing; skiing; Smithers Lumber Yard

subjects

childhood; entertainment; hobbies; Smithers

School in Smithers and old systems.

keywords

garden; house; Moore; Muheim Elementary School; ski; Spring Hill; strap

subjects

friends; school

Long trips to go fishing with family.

keywords

fishing; roads; Trout Creek

subjects

family; fishing; roads

Less detail

Interview with Angelika and Peter Langen

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions11947
Date Range
January 25 2021
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
textual record
Scope and Content
Interview with Angelika and Peter Langen, founders of the Northern Lights Wildlife Shelter. Recorded January 25 2021 at the Old Church in Smithers by Cassandra McKenney, BVM oral history intern. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, MP3 access file, PDF bibliographic form, photo from day of interview…
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
textual record
Creator
Cassandra McKenney
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.9
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
2.63 GB of digital records
Date Range
January 25 2021
Scope and Content
Interview with Angelika and Peter Langen, founders of the Northern Lights Wildlife Shelter. Recorded January 25 2021 at the Old Church in Smithers by Cassandra McKenney, BVM oral history intern. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, MP3 access file, PDF bibliographic form, photo from day of interview, PDF and .docx copies of question prep, and .csv file of subject indexing.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

The life of Peter that lead to a love of animals and working in the zoo, had to pick a profession after leaving a German refugee camp around 1959.

keywords

animals; apprenticeship; exam; Germany; refugee camp; zoo

subjects

German refugee; zoo

Wanted to be a horse trainer but failed to meet the requirements so went in to become a zoo keeper instead.

keywords

birds; hobby; horse trainer; owl

subjects

profession; zoo

Wanted to immigrate in the 70's to build a guest ranch but failed due to recession.

keywords

guest ranch; immigration; recession; Smithers

subjects

immigration; land

First thoughts of Smithers and what it was like.

keywords

beautiful; British Columbia; connections; kind; land; pregnant; Smithers

subjects

Smithers

Learning a third language quickly in Smithers.

keywords

English; German; reading; Russian; writing

subjects

English; language

Jobs were hard to find; they worked odd jobs at local shops.

keywords

Aspen; chimney; contracting; cook; houses; jobs; mother; Smitthers; town sign; waitress

subjects

employment; jobs; occupations

Horses were very important so they joined the Saddle Club and then gave guided tours

keywords

business; Fall Fair; guides; horses; license; president; rescue; Saddle Club; trail rides

subjects

business start-up; horseback riding; Saddle Club

Why they thought that Smithers was in need of a shelter.

keywords

animal shelter; isolation; knowledge; local; moose; permits; PETA; pets; provincial; rescue; wildlife

subjects

animal rescue; wildlife shelter

Conference in the States where they could learn how to take care of wild animals including their special needs.

keywords

bear; deer; experts; links; manuals; moose; National Wildlife Rehabilitation Association; shelter; U.S.A.; worldwide

subjects

animal rescue; conference; rehabilitation

Experts would come to them for help, like how to avoid so many car crashes in the summer.

keywords

car accidents; car crash; CN; Greece; ICBC; kids' camp; moose; research; Romania; summer camp; sun bear; Teflon; vehicle accidents; Vietnam

subjects

animal rescue; research

Offering training programs for students and those doing research.

keywords

bears; defense; handlers; release programs; science; students; teaching; thesis; training; volunteer; wildlife

subjects

rehabilitation; training

How the animal-rescuing process takes place at the shelter.

keywords

Bandstra; BCAA; bear; Bella Coola; Chain of Love; conservation officer; grizzly; Highway Angels; volunteers

subjects

animals; transport

How the shelter receives its funding.

keywords

charity status; donations; ethics; Facebook; hospital; Purolator; riding tour; trail guide; waitress

subjects

funding; promotion; self-funding

The start up of the shelter and how its been changing over the years, as well as how they gained respect from others.

keywords

animals; buildings; celebration; Covid-19; help; machinery; Northern Lights; wildlife

subjects

change over time

Raising a family and upkeeping the shelter.

keywords

children; doctors; family; immigration; pregnancy; shelter; vacation

subjects

family; shelter

Saving animals that would have otherwise been put down.

keywords

cougar; funding

subjects

animal rescue

Cementing public interest in the shelter, once a year.

keywords

community; education; funding; lynx; open house

subjects

public interest; schools

Favorite story of healing a moose.

keywords

bear; healing; knowledge; Mexico; moose; SPCA

subjects

healing; story

Starting up a documentary that lasted three years with 36 episodes.

keywords

animals; CTV; documentary; Fall Fair; Greenpeace; habituated; provisions; reality show; soil; television; TV show

subjects

documentary

Smithers businesses that help out the animal shelter.

keywords

Bakery; Bandstra; birthday; Bulkley Valley Wholesale; conservation; cupcakes; Feed Store; First Nations; fundraiser; Mills; Paul's Bakery; Pet Hospital; Safeway; Smithers Lumber Yard; vegetables

subjects

businesses

The plans for retirement and for the future and a thanks to those who helped them

keywords

donor; proposals; stories; trail rides; weddings; writing

subjects

future; past; retirement

What the couple did in their off time

keywords

convinces; New Orleans; photography; reading; showing; traveling; Virginia

subjects

hobbies

How Smithers has changed in a popular way for tourism.

keywords

change; commercial; family; home; positive; proud; special; tourism

subjects

Smithers; tourism

Less detail

Interview with Angus McLean

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions12284
Date Range
1992
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Scope and Content
Self-recorded interview by Angus McLean, 1992. Includes raw and edited .WAV files and an .MP3 access file. No release form could be located.
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Creator
Angus McLean
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.59
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
442 MB of digital records
Date Range
1992
Scope and Content
Self-recorded interview by Angus McLean, 1992. Includes raw and edited .WAV files and an .MP3 access file. No release form could be located.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

McLean introduces himself, gives some background info on his life in Smithers and explains why he has chosen to record this tape.

keywords

subjects

McLean recounts his involvement with the construction of the Smithers Airport during the Second World War. He identifies the contractors associated with the project and explains why they did not hire very many local men.

keywords

Bovill brothers; Campbell Brothers Contracting; Carl Spicer; Carter-Halls-Aldinger Co. Ltd.; contractors; Ernie Hann; hiring; Nelson River Dredging; R.S.B. Lillico; runway; surveying; Winnipeg Cartage Company; workforce

subjects

construction; Smithers Airport; World War II

McLean discusses the Air Force's presence at the Smithers Airport, including the buildings and infrastructure they set up, the reason why some planes were kept at Smithers rather than Terrace, the potential effects of planes on the runway pavement, and the infrequency of flights in and out of Smithers during wartime.

keywords

aircraft; buildings; construction; flights; flying conditions; pavement; planes; runway; sewer system; squadron; Terrace; weather

subjects

air force; Smithers Airport; World War II

McLean discusses the general effects the Airport had on Smithers, such as the opening of new businesses, the shortage of accommodations, and the personnel who remained in town afterwards. He believes that the presence of the Air Force and the construction work itself had only short-term economic benefits on Smithers' economy, but that commercial use of the Airport has been a long-term benefit to the community.

keywords

accommodations; Carl Spicer; Dick Heggie; George Adomeit; Heggie's Cafe

subjects

economy; Smithers; Smithers Airport

McLean gives a story about how the hockey player Red Dutton helped build an emergency airstrip at Woodcock.

keywords

airstrip; Bill Kilgour; Dutton Brothers; hockey jacket; Ken Warner; Woodcock

subjects

hockey; hockey players; Norman Dutton; Red Dutton

McLean summarizes the work he and the Department of Transport did on the Smithers Airport.

keywords

subjects

construction; Department of National Defence; Department of Transport; Smithers Airport

Less detail

Interview with Annie Bruce

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions12232
Date Range
October 22 2002
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Scope and Content
Interview with Annie Bruce (nee Murray), recorded on October 22 2002 by Jane Young (?). Includes raw and edited .WAV files and an MP3 access file.
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Creator
[Jane Young]
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.26
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
991 MB of digital records
Date Range
October 22 2002
Scope and Content
Interview with Annie Bruce (nee Murray), recorded on October 22 2002 by Jane Young (?). Includes raw and edited .WAV files and an MP3 access file.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

What Smithers used to look like and how Bruce used to get around.

keywords

1910s; cancer; Chinese cafe; dance hall; farm; Hetherington and Hooper; road foreman; school; sleigh; Smithers; stable; World War I

subjects

childhood; family; Smithers

The story of how Bruce and family would go out once a year for food and store it for the rest of the year. Mode of transportation was a wagon.

keywords

Flints; flour; Hazelton; horses; Hoskins; Murray; Scottish; sleigh; twins; wagon

subjects

family; provisions; Smithers; transportation

Life in Smithers and how it was run and how close the community was.

keywords

Bulkley Hotel; Bulkley Valley Stories; dairy; Hetherington; Hilltop; Jimmy Buckman; mayor; mother; ranch; Rubber Boots for Dancing; station; train

subjects

Smithers

The story of Jack Hetherington who went missing.

keywords

house; missing; Union Shop

subjects

Jack Hetherington; missing persons; story

Life on the farm, with Bruce's family. Bruce recalls dancing, horse riding, sewing dresses out of flour sacks.

keywords

bed and breakfast; dance; flour; Murray girls; Prince Rupert; red hair; Shoe House; Smithers; sugar sack; ties; Twin Falls

subjects

family; hobbies; memories

Annie's life in Prince Rupert during the Spanish Flu pandemic.

keywords

bodies; Catholic Church; doctor; liquor; prohibition; smuggler; soup; Spanish Flu; train; war

subjects

death; flu

The story of how Annie Bruce's mother moved to Smithers.

keywords

Canada; Helen Murray; Nan Bourgon; Prince Rupert; railroad; Scotland; shotgun; snow; Telkwa; trunk

subjects

boat; mothers; Smithers

Stories of the Telkwa Bridge and of flying to visit relatives.

keywords

barber; Bulkley River; Drug Store; Eddie Walton; gun; Hilltop; houses; Jack McNeil; Mr. Flint; shacks; suicide; tough

subjects

Telkwa

Dancing in the early days of Smithers and building community.

keywords

Alan Fletcher; Christmas concert; Della Herman; hall; Highland Schottische; June; kilt; shack; square dancing; teachers

subjects

dancing; Della Herman

Annie Bruce speaks about the family that has passed and is still alive in Smithers.

keywords

bush; children; dancer; family; Huxtables; polio; siblings

subjects

family; friends

Less detail

Interview with Art Simpson

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions12294
Date Range
October 1, 1984
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Scope and Content
Interview with Art Simpson, recorded on October 1st 1984 by Irene Howard. Includes raw and edited .WAV files and .MP3 access file.
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Creator
Irene Howard
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.73
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
910 MB of digital records
Date Range
October 1, 1984
Scope and Content
Interview with Art Simpson, recorded on October 1st 1984 by Irene Howard. Includes raw and edited .WAV files and .MP3 access file.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

Less detail

Interview with Barb Jeffery

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions12255
Date Range
July 3 1997
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Scope and Content
Interview with Barb Jeffery (nee Cairns), recorded at her home in Quick on July 3rd 1997 by Misty Jorgen. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, an .MP3 access file, and a .pdf release form.
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Creator
Misty Jorgen
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.48
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
1.36 GB of digital records
Date Range
July 3 1997
Scope and Content
Interview with Barb Jeffery (nee Cairns), recorded at her home in Quick on July 3rd 1997 by Misty Jorgen. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, an .MP3 access file, and a .pdf release form.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

Barb Jeffery recounts her childhood and early adulthood, spent moving between Germany, England, and India. After the Second World War, she and her family returned to England, where she worked at a government-run British Restaurant, married Robert Jeffrey, and started a family in Gweek, Cornwall.

keywords

army of occupation; birth; British Restaurant; coal boat; Cologne, Germany; governess; Gweek, Cornwall; husband; Indian Army Service Corps; marriage; mechanization; Plymouth; post-war era; rationing; Royal Scots; sepoys; siblings; soldier; travel; voyage

subjects

childhood; England; family; Germany; India; upbringing; work; World War II; youth

Barb discusses why she and her family decided to emigrate, and what became of her relatives back home in England.

keywords

brothers; Cornwall; farming; lack of job opportunities; Michael Jeffery; Simon Jeffery; sons; visiting relatives

subjects

Canada; death of father; emigration; England; family; relatives

Jeffery tells of how she and her family travelled across Canada in an immigrant train, arriving in Prince George only to find out that her husband's promised job had been given to someone else. She explains how he was able to find employment on short notice and how the family arrived at Quick during the middle of a hectic work day.

keywords

army blankets; Canadian National Railways; church; Ella Paddon; employment; fumigation; immigrant train; immigration plan; inspector; mail day; prayer; Prince George; river readings; shipping cattle; theft; Wadham Paddon

subjects

arrival; immigration; jobs; Paddon family; Quick; train travel; work

Jeffery talks about her family's early days in Quick, particularly the lack of electricity and her husband Robert's work at the Dominion Experimental Farm. She mentions the murder-suicide of Leslie Egerton and his sons, which occurred at the Experimental Farm in 1960.

keywords

agricultural research; carrying water; Colin Egerton; farm; Greens; Gweek, Cornwall; James Egerton; Leslie Egerton; manhunt; nodules; Paddon family; police; post office; road conditions; store; washing clothes; washing machines

subjects

agricultural work; chores; crime; electricity; employment; Experimental Farm; murder-suicide; Quick; Robert Jeffery; work

Jeffery discusses the many accidents and injuries suffered by her husband during his career, as well as the kindness and generosity of neighbours during difficult times. Includes anecdotes about winning a raffle at Goodacre's Store and packing Cornish pasties for Robert's lunch.

keywords

blasting; carpooling; CN work; coal mining; Cornish pasties; doctors; Frigidaire; Goodacre's Store; groceries; hernia; hospital bills; Houston; knee injury; lung damage; neighbourliness; Northwood Pulp Mill; operations; payments; raffle prizes; railway; security guard; strike; Telkwa Mill (TF&M); toy tank; Wiggs O'Neill

subjects

accidents; community; employment; generosity; injuries; neighbours; Robert Jeffery; work; workplace injuries

Jeffery discusses her 40 years spent living in Quick, with emphasis on the friendliness and generosity of the community. She and her sons frequently looked after neighbours' children. Some people took advantage of others' kindness.

keywords

4H clubs; accidents; activities; babysitting; building house; carpooling; close-knit; Douglas Jeffery; good neighbours; injuries; Ivy Middleton; Michael Jeffery; Middletons; Robin Jeffery; Round Lake; Simon Jeffery; square dancing; Walcott; Woodmere

subjects

babysitting; community; generosity; neighbourliness; Quick

Jeffery discusses the history and usage of the Round Lake Hall, and describes the annual Sports Day events at Quick.

keywords

activities; badminton; baseball; cafeteria; community lunch; dance; galas; Hubert; Hubert Hotel; Nan Bourgon; opening speech; salmon; scorekeeping; sewer system; stage; synchronized swimmers

subjects

community events; Quick; Round Lake Hall; Sports Day

Jeffery discusses her involvement with the Quick Women's Institute, including attending a conference in Germany and hosting a radio program. She describes the work that Women's Institutes have done on a local, provincial, and international basis.

keywords

Amelia Watson; boycott; Canadian delegates; Carol Kerr; Children's Hospital; developing countries; editor; Francois Lake Women's Institute; Hamburg, Germany; newsletter; Queen Alexandra Hospital; radio program; Recreation Commission; road lines; Round Lake Hall; sugar prices; travelling; women's clubs; Women's Institute conference

subjects

community organizations; Quick Women's Institute; women; Women's Institutes

Less detail

Interview with [Ben Ridennoure?]

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions12272
Date Range
[1991?]
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Scope and Content
Interview with [Ben Ridennoure?], recorded by a Smithers Alternate School student, likely as part of their 1991 interview series. Includes raw and edited .WAV files and an .MP3 access files.
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.69
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
940 MB of digital records
Date Range
[1991?]
Scope and Content
Interview with [Ben Ridennoure?], recorded by a Smithers Alternate School student, likely as part of their 1991 interview series. Includes raw and edited .WAV files and an .MP3 access files.
Notes
The interviewee is never identified at any point in the interview. File previously labelled as "Curtis Riding," but no record of any person by this name could be found. In January 2022 it was determined that the interviewee is likely Ben Ridennoure due to similarities in profession and life story (owner of Copper River Ranch, history of trail riding, familiarity with specific horse breeds, etc.). "Curtis Riding" may instead refer to the name of the interviewer and the subject of discussion.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

Ridennoure discusses giving summer trail rides at Copper River Ranch. (Note: recording seems to begin mid-interview without a proper introduction).

keywords

Copper River Ranch; Norwegian fjord horses; wildlife

subjects

horse riding; horseback riding; trail rides; trail riding

Ridennoure recommends that individual riders be at least 12 years old, and discusses options for younger children on his trail rides (ex. sharing a horse with their parents).

keywords

children; ponies

subjects

horse riding; horseback riding; trail rides; trail riding

Ridennoure discusses the possibility of taking guests on sleigh rides and why he doesn't do it.

keywords

subjects

sleigh rides

Ridennoure answers how many horses he owns and where they are kept.

keywords

McDonell Lake

subjects

horseback riding; horses

Ridennoure discusses which gaits (walking, trotting, galloping) are used most often on his trail rides.

keywords

galloping; trotting; walking

subjects

horse gaits; horseback riding; riding; trail rides; trail riding

Ridennoure explains how he advertises Copper River Ranch to the public.

keywords

Chamber of Commerce; Northwest Travel Bureau

subjects

advertisements; advertising; publicity

Ridennoure states that he takes riders of all skill levels on his trail rides, and explains the ideal size of a riding group.

keywords

subjects

horseback riding; riding; trail rides; trail riding

[Ridennoure] states his favourite breeds of horse, explains why he got into the equestrian business, and describes his favourite type of riding trail.

keywords

Copper River Ranch; Norwegian fjord horses; Quarter horses

subjects

horses; riding; riding trails; trails

Ridennoure discusses what time of year people visit the Ranch most often, how long they tend to stay, and what activities they do there.

keywords

guests; long weekends; outdoor activities; tourism; vacation

subjects

Copper River Ranch

[Ridennoure] explains why he enjoys horseback riding so much and has had such a positive experience with it. (Note: interview ends without a formal conclusion).

keywords

companionship; insurance; liabilities; relaxation

subjects

horseback riding; riding

Less detail

Interview with Bert Loader

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions12260
Date Range
July 1993
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Scope and Content
Interview with Bert Loader, self-recorded at his home in Millet, Alberta in July 1993. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, .MP3 access files, and a .jpg release form.
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Creator
Bert Loader
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.53
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
1.04 GB of digital records
Date Range
July 1993
Scope and Content
Interview with Bert Loader, self-recorded at his home in Millet, Alberta in July 1993. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, .MP3 access files, and a .jpg release form.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

Loader introduces himself and identifies those he worked with during his time as fire chief of the Smithers RCAF station.

keywords

50th anniversary; Angus McLean; Chuck Loader; Commonwealth Air Trading Plan; crew; Gilchrist; J. M. Stansby; Jenette; King; Mackay; Malcolm Lange; Number 17 Staging Route; station warrant officer; Thompson

subjects

fire chief; Smithers Airport; Smithers RCAF station

Loader discusses the animals he would see in and around the airport, both wildlife and livestock raised by the crew. He tells the story of the time he was tasked with hunting and killing a moose to supplement their rations.

keywords

bears; game preserve; garden; gardening; Gilchrist; inventories; J. M. Stansby; Jenette; Nic Whaley; pig pen; pigs; white-tailed deer

subjects

animals; hunting; livestock; moose; wildlife

Loader briefly summarizes his typical duties at the RCAF station, before discussing his wife Lois, the small house they shared near the airport, and how they would entertain themselves while not at work.

keywords

anniversary; berry picking; boating; Bulkey River; CO's parade; fire chief; fishing; Lake Kathlyn; rowboat; Seymour Lake; tar-paper shack

subjects

activities; duties; house; housing; Lois Loader; recreation; responsibilities

Loader gives a story of some visiting Flying Officers who damaged the airport while performing stunts.

keywords

Chuck Loader; Harvard planes; Nic Whaley

subjects

accident; aerobatics; damage; Flying Officers; stunts

Loader briefly discusses helping fight fires on Smithers' Main Street.

keywords

auxiliary pump; Main Street ditches

subjects

firefighting; fires; Main Street fires; Smithers

Loader talks about how the cooks at the RCAF station would make potato champagne for a Commanding Officer.

keywords

Malcolm Lange; Nic Whaley; rationing

subjects

alcohol; drinking; potato champagne

Loader recounts the crash of a Lockheed Ventura aircraft on the station's runway. He references photographs of the event which are now in the Museum's collection.

keywords

Archer; Chuck Loader; damage; explosion; fire; injuries; runway; Sealy

subjects

accident; aircraft; Lockheed Ventura; photographs; photography; plane crash

Loader praises the conduct of his fellow air force personnel and recounts how he would ensure his colleagues got home safely from nights of drinking and dancing.

keywords

dance halls; fire hydrants; Smithers; water line

subjects

crew; dancing; drinking

Loader recounts the drowning of a coworker in Lake Kathlyn. (He identifies the man as 'Murphy' but an Interior News article of May 25th 1945 reveals his name was Mervin James Ferrier).

keywords

artificial respiration; Bruce Bowman; cooks; sailboat

subjects

death; drowning; Lake Kathlyn; Mervin Ferrier

Loader talks about his involvement in a firefighting demonstration held for the Smithers Village Council in August 1944. He corrects a mistake in a newspaper article about the event and describes the different types of equipment used.

keywords

newspaper article; spray nozzle; Victoria; Village Council

subjects

firefighting demonstration; fires; pyrene extinguisher

Loader discusses his limited interaction with people from Smithers, which consisted mainly of ball games. He expresses his gratitude for having been able to attend the airport's 50th anniversary celebrations.

keywords

anniversary; Chuck Loader; Church services; Cliff Emerson; Daintre Riffel; Emersons; engineer; hardball; Joe Watson; minister; New Hazelton; railroad; softball; taxi driving; Wall's Taxi; Wilf Watson

subjects

baseball; Smithers; social interaction; sports

Less detail

Interview with Bob Phillips

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions12262
Date Range
April 22 1991
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Scope and Content
Interview with Robert 'Bob' Phillips, recorded on April 22nd 1991 by Smithers Alternate School student Vince Mackie. Includes raw and edited .WAV files and an .MP3 access files.
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Creator
Vince Mackie
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.67
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
999 MB of digital records
Date Range
April 22 1991
Scope and Content
Interview with Robert 'Bob' Phillips, recorded on April 22nd 1991 by Smithers Alternate School student Vince Mackie. Includes raw and edited .WAV files and an .MP3 access files.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

Phillips answers introductory questions about his early life in Telkwa, including what modes of transportation were used, where he went to school, what his earliest memories of the Valley are, and what his father did for a living.

keywords

buggies; elementary school; general store; George Shepherd; Grace Shepherd; H. H. Phillips; Hazelton; high school; homes; jobs; log houses; money; R. S. Sargent; Telkwa Museum; train; Vancouver; wagons

subjects

Armistice Day; childhood; general store; memories; school; Telkwa; transportation

Phillips describes various pieces (many of them Indigenous) in his artifact collection. Many of these items were received during his time running the Phillips & Shepherd general store in Telkwa. (Note: section contains outdated and offensive language to refer to Indigenous people).

keywords

aprons; army medals; Babine area; beading; bear trap; Carrier people; Chapman Lake; Derringer gun; dugout canoe; electricity; fur toboggan; fur trader; gas masks; headbands; hope chest; Hudson Bay Company; Hudson Bay trade beads; Indigenous masks; jacket; Jean Baptiste; lamps; Martin Starrett; matches; moose skin; Mrs. Leon; multi-purpose tool; Nass River; oolichan boxes; oolichan grease; Paddy Leon; phonograph cylinders; pistol; rattle dance; records; riverboats; sad irons; steaming; stone axe; tokens; Topley Landing; totem pole; washboards; washing clothes; Yukon Telegraph Line

subjects

artifact collection; goods; Indigenous artifacts; items; trading

Phillips discusses several artifacts, such as a Tibetan prayer wheel and a Mongolian passport, which had belonged to his old friend T.J. Thorpe, a Telkwa resident who had travelled throughout East Asia in the early 20th century. (Note: section includes a racial slur for people of Chinese descent).

keywords

Dalai Lama; death; deputy mining commissioner; justice of the peace; Lhasa, Tibet; North Star Cafe; Panchen Lama; pilgrimage; prayers; register of births, deaths, and marriages; Russian comic books; tourist visa

subjects

artifacts; Buddhism; Mongolia; passport; religion; T.J. Thorpe; Tibetan prayer wheel; travel

Brief discussion of sports and games played by Phillips as a child, followed by continued discussion of the artifact collection.

keywords

baseball; cameras; Chief David Francis; dog pack; fish net; gun; rabbit paw blanket; saddlebag; T.J. Thorpe; Tyee David; Tyhee David

subjects

artifact collection; artifacts; games; recreation; sports

Discussion of Telkwa history, including the Telkwa Nursing Home, bridges over the Bulkley and Telkwa Rivers, and the Telkwa barbecue.

keywords

Bulkley River; Bull James; chuckwagons; donations; photographs; population; Telkwa barbecue; Telkwa River; Telkwa rock

subjects

bridges; Telkwa; Telkwa Nursing Home

Discussion of the creation and abandonment of Hubert, the building of Smithers on a swamp, the town of Aldermere, and the visit of Slim Williams and his dog team.

keywords

barbecue grounds; Bull James; driving piles; Indian dance hall; Jack McNeill; Jesse James; Main Street ditch; swamp; Telkwa Hotel (Aldermere)

subjects

Aldermere; divisional point; dog team; Hubert; Slim Williams; Smithers

Continuation of viewing Phillips' artifact collection. Topics discussed include slavery in Siberia, work done by Phillips in his youth, mail-order catalogues, Father Morice's map, logging/carpentry tools, robberies, and missing child Michael Dunahee.

keywords

attempted kidnapping; axe; break-ins; Eaton's catalogue; farm work; firearm; forced labour; Fraser Canyon; goods; Hagwilget Bridge; inflation; mail order catalogue; map; Michael Dunahee; missing child; missionary; money; Morice map; newspapers; payment; prices; robbery; Siberia; slavery; spokeshave; T.J. Thorpe; telephone line; theft; tie-making; tools; Vancouver Island; Victoria; wages

subjects

artifact collection; artifacts; crime; Father Adrien-Gabriel Morice; work

Less detail

Interview with Brittany Groen

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions12226
Date Range
January 14 2021
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Scope and Content
Interview with high school student Brittany Groen, recorded January 14 2021 at Smithers Secondary School. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, MP3 access file, and .pdf release form.
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.20
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
79.7 MB of digital records
Date Range
January 14 2021
Scope and Content
Interview with high school student Brittany Groen, recorded January 14 2021 at Smithers Secondary School. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, MP3 access file, and .pdf release form.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

An introduction to the interview, with Groen providing her year and place of birth.

keywords

subjects

Groen describes her family and the traditions, celebrations, and activities they partake in together.

keywords

antiques; birthdays; Christmas; Coast Mountain GM; heirlooms; Mill

subjects

celebrations; childhood; family; neighbourhoods; occupations; recreation; traditions

Groen recalls childhood activities and her elementary school years.

keywords

elementary school; games; school subjects; Walnut Park school

subjects

childhood; education; recreation

Groen discusses high school, her job, life as a teenager during the 2020-21 Covid-19 pandemic, and the best and worst parts of living in Smithers.

keywords

friends; mental health; quarantine; Smithers Secondary School; Sport Chek

subjects

COVID-19; education; occupations; youth

Groen discusses her plans for life after high school.

keywords

gap year; post-secondary education

subjects

education

Groen discusses a typical activity that she and her friends take part in.

keywords

cars; Snap Chat; Snap Maps; vehicles

subjects

entertainment; recreation; youth

Groen discusses her family's heritage and how they came to the Bulkley Valley.

keywords

Dutch; Holland; Swiss; Switzerland

subjects

family history; heritage; immigration

keywords

subjects

Less detail

Interview with Bryce Holland

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions12253
Date Range
March [199-?]
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Scope and Content
Interview with Bryce Holland, recorded by Carol Morgenthaler as part of a BVLD radio show ("Our Heritage"). Includes raw and edited .WAV files and an .MP3 access file.
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Creator
Carol Morgenthaler
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.46
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
141 MB of digital records
Date Range
March [199-?]
Scope and Content
Interview with Bryce Holland, recorded by Carol Morgenthaler as part of a BVLD radio show ("Our Heritage"). Includes raw and edited .WAV files and an .MP3 access file.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

Bryce Holland, a former principal of Smithers Secondary School, discusses the teacher training he received at Normal School after leaving the armed forces.

keywords

armed forces; Normal School; principal; Smithers Secondary School; Surrey, BC; teaching techniques

subjects

teacher training; teaching

Holland discusses the subjects taught and the methods of teaching used in the classroom during the 1940s and 50s.

keywords

arithmetic; elementary school; MacLean Method; phonetic analysis; phonics; reading, writing and arithmetic; social studies

subjects

education; school subjects; teaching

Brief discussion of what supplies were used in the classroom during Holland's teaching days.

keywords

copy machines; copying; fountain pens; inkwells; jelly pad; nib pens

subjects

school supplies

Holland describes how he was automatically required to be involved in many different extracurricular and social activities during his time teaching in Surrey.

keywords

Cub Master; dances; PTA; sports; Strawberry Hill School; Surrey, BC; whist drives

subjects

extracurricular activities; responsibilities; social activities; teaching

Holland discusses how he came to Telkwa to teach in 1959, transferred to Fort St. James, and then returned to Smithers in 1963 to become vice-principal of the Secondary School. While in this role he was heavily involved in the design and preparation of the new high school.

keywords

board chairmen; Christian Reform School; Fort St. James; new school; Smithers; Smithers Secondary School; superintendents; Telkwa; Telkwa Superior School; vice-principal

subjects

principal; schools; teaching

Bryce is asked whether he has any regrets about retiring.

keywords

subjects

retirement

Less detail

Interview with Carman and Joan Graf

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions11945
Date Range
December 15 2020
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
textual record
Scope and Content
Interview with Carman and Joan Graf recorded December 15 2020 at the Old Church in Smithers by Cassandra McKenney, BVM oral history intern. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, MP3 access file, PDF bibliographic form, photo from day of interview, PDF and .docx copies of question prep, and .csv file …
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
textual record
Creator
Cassandra McKenney
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.7
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
1.81 GB of digital records
Date Range
December 15 2020
Scope and Content
Interview with Carman and Joan Graf recorded December 15 2020 at the Old Church in Smithers by Cassandra McKenney, BVM oral history intern. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, MP3 access file, PDF bibliographic form, photo from day of interview, PDF and .docx copies of question prep, and .csv file of subject indexing.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

Where Carman and Joan were born and where their parents immigrated from.

keywords

birth; immigration; Scotland; Springhill, Nova Scotia; Switzerland

subjects

ancestry; background; birthplace

keywords

4H Club; Christmas concert; coal mine; Dray farm; Fall Fair; farm; Ontario; square dance

subjects

On moving to Smithers and feeling unwelcome and like an outsider.

keywords

beer parlour; Harley Shop; lumber; mill; mirage; old-timers; outsiders; pavement; Quesnel; service station; Smithers; Swift brothers; trucking; unwelcome; Wayside Store

subjects

businesses; Smithers

Hockey teams would stay with the Grafs.

keywords

exchange students; hockey; kids; programs; tournaments

subjects

community; hockey

Enlarging the business by adding four more.

keywords

bookkeeping; college; Hazelton; Houston; industrial supply company; tire shop

subjects

businesses; tire shops

Founding member for the sorority in Smithers

keywords

Christmas; funding; party; pool; sorority; Valentine's Day

subjects

sorority; town

What Carman Graf did while he was on the town council.

keywords

election; Fall Fair; Heritage Park; Main Street; reservoir; sewage plant; sewers; Spicer; Works Department

subjects

municipal politics; politics; Smithers; town council

How Main Street was rebuilt and where the funding came from.

keywords

BC Hydro; contractors; ditches; drainage; excavation; Main Street; Main Street ditch; Mayor; moss; Royal Bank; sand; ski hill; unstable

subjects

Main Street; Smithers

1979- 1981-1985 Graf ran for Mayor

keywords

8 million dollars; change; council; criticism; equipment; falling apart; foreman; library; Mayor; money; platform; plow; provincial politics; Regional District; roads; sewer line; sidewalks; ski hill; Smithers; Social Credit Party; swimming pool; volunteer; water supply; Works Department

subjects

Mayor; municipal politics; politics

One of the many Societies he Graf was in and helped run

keywords

administrator; aviation council; construction; hospital board; liaison; Mayor of Telkwa; municipal council; NDP; nuns; Prestige Hotel; primer; workers

subjects

clubs; councils; Social Credit Party; societies

When the Grafs moved to Telkwa they saw how much needed to be done so Carman ran for mayor.

keywords

equipment; fixing; graders; improvements; Mayor

subjects

Mayor; municipal politics; politics; Telkwa

Thanks for all the work he and his wife did in the community.

keywords

Queen's Jubilee Award; recognition

subjects

awards

What a life in politics looked like in Smithers.

keywords

community; fire mediation; friends; taxpayers; Telkwa

subjects

politics; Smithers

What life was like in Smithers outside of politics.

keywords

Air Force; airplanes; Cal Tire; England; fishing; Flying Club; hunting; Italy; Japan; Piper 140; Scotland; snowmobiling; square dancing; Switzerland; travel

subjects

hobbies; recreation; sports

Joan over the years as a mother, golfer, and curler.

keywords

community; competition; curling; golfing

subjects

activities; curling; golf; recreation; sports

Less detail

Interview with Chris and Elsie Dahlie

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions12238
Date Range
1988
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Scope and Content
Interview with Chris and Elsie Dahlie, recorded in 1988 by Bulkley Valley Museum staff. Includes raw and edited .WAV files and an MP3 access file.
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.32
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
1.06 GB of digital records
Date Range
1988
Scope and Content
Interview with Chris and Elsie Dahlie, recorded in 1988 by Bulkley Valley Museum staff. Includes raw and edited .WAV files and an MP3 access file.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

Interview begins with various questions primarily related to skiing, both in Canada and Norway. Topics include: what sort of tournaments Chris Dahlie competed in, when he started ski jumping, how skiing has changed over the years, a ski cabin built by the Dahlie family on Hudson Bay Mountain, how skis were made by hand. Note: interview begins mid-sentence without a proper introduction.

keywords

childhood; cost; dairy farm; expensive; hickory wood; immigration; Larry Lutz; making skis; Norway; Norwegian; Prince George; ski cabin; ski jumping; ski tournaments

subjects

skiing; sports

Elsie and Chris Dahlie discuss their move from Norway to Canada and their early days living in Smithers. The family rented a home for a time before building their own log house.

keywords

Dahlie children; horse; house; ice harvesting; Lake Kathlyn; log cabin; logs

subjects

immigration; Norway; Smithers

Discussion of good skiing areas, the ski cabin at Silvern Lake, and Chris Dahlie's involvement in ski jumping.

keywords

Harry Orm; Hudson Bay Mountain; Silvern Lake; ski cabin; ski hill; ski jump; skis; Smithers; Vancouver

subjects

recreation; ski jumping; skiing; sports

Chris Dahlie discusses his personal feelings on skiing, the last time he went skiing (at age 85), what type of skis he used, and where/how often he skied in his younger days.

keywords

equipment; Larry Lutz; skis

subjects

recreation; skiing; sports

Discussion of the previous popularity of ski jumping in various locales throughout northwestern BC (including Smithers), and how this sport has declined in favour of cross-country and downhill skiing in more recent years.

keywords

Barkerville; Burns Lake; Norwegians; Prince George; ski jump; ski races; Smithers

subjects

northwestern British Columbia; ski jumping; skiing

Discussion of Larry Lutz, a friend of Chris Dahlie's, and his recollections of past ski days.

keywords

1960s; ski tracks; ski trails; Smithers Alternate School; Smithers Secondary School

subjects

Larry Lutz; skiing

Discussion of why the Dahlies left Norway, whether they ever wanted to move back, and return trips to visit relatives.

keywords

family; Great Depression; great-grandchildren; relatives

subjects

immigration; Norway

Chris Dahlie shows the interviewers his ski trophies, one of which was given to him by the King of Norway (probably Haakon VII). Many of the cups have been sent to a museum in Vancouver. Note: this section is quieter as the interviewers/interviewees move further away.

keywords

King Haakon VII; King Olaf V; Norway; ski tournaments; Vancouver

subjects

ski trophies; trophies

The interviewer asks what it is about skiing that the Dahlies love so much.

keywords

cabins; exercise; fresh air; lunches; outdoors

subjects

skiing

Discussion of the Dahlie's children (Hallvard, Jorgen, and Martha), grandchildren, and great-grandchildren, including one grandson who works as a smokejumper and a granddaughter who lives near Seymour Lake.

keywords

bus driver; firefighter; grandchildren; great-grandchildren; Hallvard Dahlie; helicopters; Jorgen Dahlie; Mark Dahlie; Martha Dahlie; Salmon Arm; Seymour Lake; smokejumper; Sylvia Pearson

subjects

Dahlie family; family; relatives

Discussion of various topics, including ski trails, tournaments, trophies, and the Stewart RCMP.

keywords

coffee; juniper trees; museum display; RCMP; search and rescue; ski tournaments; ski trails; ski trophies; Stewart; Telkwa; Whitehorse

subjects

skiing

Elsie Dahlie talks about how the family lived at Olof Hanson's farm at Lake Kathlyn for four years, and how the children would walk long distances to attend school in Smithers. Note: interview ends abruptly without proper conclusion.

keywords

exercise; Garth Pearson; Hanson farm; Mexico; Olof Hanson; school buses; walking to school

subjects

Lake Kathlyn; school

Less detail

Interview with Cornelius Bot

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions12231
Date Range
January 23 1995
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Scope and Content
Interview with Cornelius Bot, recorded January 23 1995 at the Bulkley Valley Museum by Carly Blair. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, MP3 access file, and .pdf release form.
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Creator
Carly Blair
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.25
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
747 MB of digital records
Date Range
January 23 1995
Scope and Content
Interview with Cornelius Bot, recorded January 23 1995 at the Bulkley Valley Museum by Carly Blair. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, MP3 access file, and .pdf release form.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

What life was like being an immigrant and moving to Canada without speaking English.

keywords

immigrant; mill; old country; pay; St. Joseph's School

subjects

immigration; Smithers

Building a house with his family and sharing pay cheques in order to build and live together.

keywords

building house; bush; Holland; hospital; lots; money pile; old way; plane; years

subjects

family; house

Selling eggs in Smithers and making a name for himself with big businesses.

keywords

1930s; acres; brothers; chicken house; cows; egg farm; farm; festival; full-time; grade 8; potatoes; Super Valu

subjects

farmer

Why Bot married his wife, and why his father died.

keywords

brain cancer; engagement

subjects

death; family; marriage

Working in Smithers and balancing life with the egg business.

keywords

bar; Bulkley Hotel; burnt down; eggs; fire; First Nations; Hazelton; highway; horses; house; wood roads

subjects

business

What Bot did in his spare time like teaching his wife English, building, dancing, and so on.

keywords

Anna Bot; brother; dancing; horses; playing cards; sister; soccer; workshop

subjects

hobbies; language; recreation; Smithers

Less detail

Interview with Cornelius Lapadat

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions12258
Date Range
October 14 1993
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Scope and Content
Interview with Cornelius 'Neil' Lapadat, recorded on October 14th 1993 by Tom Leach. Includes raw and edited .WAV files and an .MP3 access file.
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Creator
Tom Leach
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.51
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
643 MB of digital records
Date Range
October 14 1993
Scope and Content
Interview with Cornelius 'Neil' Lapadat, recorded on October 14th 1993 by Tom Leach. Includes raw and edited .WAV files and an .MP3 access file.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

Lapadat describes moving from Victoria to Smithers with his family as a young child, mentioning where they lived in town before taking a homestead out in Glentanna. He also explains why he got the nickname 'Neil.'

keywords

Bannister's boarding house; Eli Urdie; George Lapadat; Glentanna; hauling; horses; hotel bar; Prince Rupert; railroad; roundhouse; tent; Third Avenue; Victoria

subjects

arrival; housing; Lapadat family; Smithers

Lapadat discusses his parents' immigration from Romania to the United States and their subsequent moves throughout the U.S. and Canada, eventually ending up in the Bulkley Valley. He also gives a story of how he was mistaken about his birthdate for many years until obtaining a copy of his birth certificate.

keywords

advertisements; bricklayer; farming; Pennsylvania; Portland, Oregon; pre-emption; rooming house; steel mills

subjects

Anna Lapadat Sr.; birth certificate; birthday; family history; immigration; jobs; John Lapadat Sr.; moving; occupations; parents; Romania

Lapadat discusses how his family lived on various different properties in and around the Glentanna area, attempting to make a living by farming. (Note: spelling of names in this section was verified where possible but may not be 100% accurate).

keywords

1920s; bricklaying; cream; crown grant; Danny Moore; Driftwood; freight; ice cream parlour; Jack Mainey; Jim Miller; John O'Harren; Montgomery place; payment; Pete Skuba; pre-emption; roundhouse; shipping produce; Snake Hill; Soldier Settlement Board

subjects

farming; farms; Glentanna; properties

Lapadat describes hauling wood, hay, and other resources for his family's trucking business. Topics include: the stiff competition they faced in the Valley; how all the profits from the business went back into the farm; why he eventually chose to leave Smithers and make a life for himself; hauling 13 tons of hay as a teenager; an offer by Liberal politician Olof Hanson to buy wood from local suppliers; and how the family survived by relying on credit from the stores.

keywords

'Dad' Arnold; Bill Leach; competition; credit; deliveries; Great Depression; Henry Motors; Jack Henry; jack pine wood; logging; Olof Hanson; orders; Oswald Hoskins; raising prices; Tom Priest; trading; Watson's Store

subjects

family business; hauling; trucking; trucking business; wood; work; working

Lapadat discusses raising and training racehorses on the family farm, including the story of how he was the only one who was able to ride a certain horse.

keywords

beef; Fall Fair; grain; hay; Jack Gray; pork; races

subjects

farm; farming; horse breaking; horse training; horseback riding; horses; racehorses

Lapadat explains that he left Smithers in 1934 after the Depression ended the family's trucking business. (Note: interview ends abruptly without a proper conclusion).

keywords

farm; leaving home; trucking business

subjects

Great Depression

Less detail

Interview with Daintre Riffel

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions12273
Date Range
April 23, 1991
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Scope and Content
Interview with Daintre Riffel (nee Goodacre), recorded on April 23rd 1991 by Terry Berg as part of the 1991 Smithers Alternate School students' series. Includes raw and edited .WAV files and an .MP3 access file.
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Creator
Terry Berg
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.70
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
1.33 GB of digital records
Date Range
April 23, 1991
Scope and Content
Interview with Daintre Riffel (nee Goodacre), recorded on April 23rd 1991 by Terry Berg as part of the 1991 Smithers Alternate School students' series. Includes raw and edited .WAV files and an .MP3 access file.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

Daintre Riffel talks about her school days in Smithers, including what subjects were taught, how education then differed from today, what her favourite grade was, and whether she was taught by her aunt (possibly Jean Burns or Susanna 'Kitty' McDonald).

keywords

arithmetic; basketball; eighth grade; extracurricular activities; geography; Glentanna School; reading; school subjects; spelling; teachers; writing

subjects

education; school

Riffel talks about different sports and other physical activities she enjoyed in her youth.

keywords

basketball; competitions; girls' hockey team; hockey; Mr. Johnson; ping-pong; skating; skiing; table tennis; tournaments; town hall; travel

subjects

activities; recreation; sports

Riffel, who has lived in the Smithers area her entire life, explains how her parents originally came to live the Valley.

keywords

Goodacre's Store; Soldiers' Settlement Land; Telkwa; Third Avenue; Tyhee Lake

subjects

Clarence Goodacre Sr.; family history; houses; Smithers; Winnie Goodacre; Winnie McDonald

Riffel discusses her husband (Fred), his work on the railway, and how he came to Smithers with the army during the Second World War. She also talks about her children, particularly Jim.

keywords

14th Aerodrome Defence; air force; carman; Clarence Goodacre Sr.; Prince Rupert harbour; railroad work; railway man; Smithers Airport; Super-Valu; Valerie Riffel

subjects

children; family; Fred Riffel; Jim Riffel; jobs; military; occupations; work

Riffel discusses her work as a secretary at the Royal Bank, particularly how much she was able to earn.

keywords

Laurel Roumieu; Marcella Edmonds

subjects

earnings; employment; jobs; money; occupations; payment; Royal Bank; wages; work

Riffel discusses the changes that have occurred in Smithers over the years, mostly in terms of infrastructure.

keywords

boardwalks; corduroy roads; ditches; infrastructure; Main Street; pavement; road conditions; sidewalks

subjects

development; Smithers; urban growth

Riffel discusses the houses she's lived in over the years and the amenities they've had.

keywords

electricity; Fred Riffel; grandparents; plumbing; ranch house; water pump

subjects

amenities; homes; houses

Riffel discusses the growth of Smithers at the expense of Telkwa, the former towns of Hubert and Aldermere, and whether she has ever wanted to move away.

keywords

floodplain; floods; jobs; railroad; swamp

subjects

Aldermere; Hubert; Smithers; Telkwa

Riffel identifies some of the older buildings in town, including the Central Park Building. She discusses the latter's use as a jail and whether there was a lot of crime in Smithers at the time.

keywords

Adams' Drugstore; bank robberies; Bulkley Hotel; Central Clothing; drinking; drunkenness; guns; Juniper Berry; liquor store; post office

subjects

buildings; Central Park Building; crime; historic buildings; jail; Provincial Government Building; punishment

Riffel discusses what it was like to grow up in the family store, including having to ration during World War II, what shopping was like before the era of self-serve grocery stores, and how prices have changed over the years.

keywords

butcher shop; inflation; peanut butter; World War II

subjects

Goodacre's Store; prices; rationing; shopping; working

Riffel mentions more of Smithers' early buildings, such as Mah Yoke Tong's bakery, and who constructed many of these businesses.

keywords

Bulkley Hotel; Ernie Hann; Smithers Bakery; Spicer and Roumieu Insurance

subjects

Bovill & Hann; buildings; historic buildings

Riffel discusses community events in Smithers, such as school Christmas concerts and Sunday walks to the river. (Note: topic changes abruptly around 26:48; seemingly a section is missing).

keywords

Anglican hall; Bulkley River; costumes; dances; Scout Hall; Sunday walks; theatre; town hall; walking

subjects

Christmas concerts; community events

Riffel discusses the old-fashioned social mores and values of the 1930s and 40s, sharing the story of a teenaged girl who was ostracized for becoming pregnant.

keywords

adoption; schoolteachers

subjects

changing values; mores; social standards; societal attitudes; teenage pregnancy; values

Riffel discusses the prominence of the Church in the community and mentions the different hospital buildings which have been used over the years.

keywords

church choir; church picnics; nurses' home

subjects

Bulkley Valley District Hospital; church; hospital

Riffel talks about Watson's Store and shares a story about Walter Watson helping her brother Jim deliver groceries.

keywords

Apollo Automotive; Clarence Goodacre Sr.; competition; delivering groceries; grocery stores

subjects

Jim Goodacre; Walter Watson; Watson family; Watson's Store

Riffel names some old schoolmates who still live in Smithers, and discusses how some students had to walk to school all the way from Lake Kathlyn.

keywords

Chuck Morris; Gordie Hetherington; Lake Kathlyn; Mary Watson; Pat McCammon; skiing

subjects

classmates; school; schoolmates; walking to school

Discussion of the Watson boys, competition between local sports teams, and how the Riffels boarded and coached junior hockey players from out-of-town in the 1970s.

keywords

Bruins; competition; Gnats; hockey teams; Jimmy Watson; Joe Watson; Mary Watson; Philadelphia Flyers; Smithers Totems

subjects

boarding; coaching hockey; Fred Riffel; hockey; junior hockey; sports

Less detail

Interview with Della Herman

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions12252
Date Range
April 1996
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Scope and Content
Interview with Della Herman (nee Carpenter), recorded by Carol Morgenthaler in April 1996 as part of a BVLD radio show. Includes raw and edited .WAV files and an .MP3 access file.
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Creator
Carol Morgenthaler
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.45
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
144 MB of digital records
Date Range
April 1996
Scope and Content
Interview with Della Herman (nee Carpenter), recorded by Carol Morgenthaler in April 1996 as part of a BVLD radio show. Includes raw and edited .WAV files and an .MP3 access file.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

Introduction of Della Herman, who began teaching at Decker Lake school in 1935 after having received teacher's training in Normal School.

keywords

Decker Lake; grades; Normal School

subjects

school; teaching

Brief discussion on the methods of teaching used at the time and how basic they were in comparison to modern practices; as well as how the role of a teacher included playground supervision and community involvement.

keywords

community involvement; extracurricular activities; MacLeod Method; penmanship; recess; subjects; supervision

subjects

responsibilities; teaching; teaching methods

After Decker Lake, Herman taught at the one-room schoolhouse in Glentanna before moving on to Smithers, where she eventually became principal of Muheim Memorial Elementary School until her retirement.

keywords

George Tugnum; Glentanna; Glentanna School; grades; Hans Tugnum; Johnny Lapadat; Lundstrom girls; Muheim Elementary School; principal; retirement; Smithers; teaching

subjects

teaching

Della Herman praises modern improvements in teaching, comparing them favourably to the

keywords

changes in teaching; computers; education process; improvements; programs; progress

subjects

education; teaching; teaching methods

Less detail

Interview with Dian Cromer

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions11892
Date Range
November 26 2020
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
textual record
Scope and Content
Interview with Dian Cromer (nee Herman), a Smithers teacher and the daughter of Della Herman. Recorded November 26th 2020 at the Old Church in Smithers by Cassandra McKenney, BVM oral history intern. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, MP3 access file, PDF bibliographic form, photo from day of inte…
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
textual record
Creator
Cassandra McKenney
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.1
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
1.95 GB of digital records
Date Range
November 26 2020
Scope and Content
Interview with Dian Cromer (nee Herman), a Smithers teacher and the daughter of Della Herman. Recorded November 26th 2020 at the Old Church in Smithers by Cassandra McKenney, BVM oral history intern. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, MP3 access file, PDF bibliographic form, photo from day of interview, PDF and .docx copies of question prep, and .csv file of subject indexing.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

Cromer gives her date and place of birth, then talks about how her family came to the Bulkley Valley. She also briefly discusses some of her parents professional and personal activities.

keywords

Duthie Mine; Fall Fair; horseback riding; trail riding; United Church

subjects

childhood

Cromer details the house she grew up in and the house her mother grew up in.

keywords

log home; log house

subjects

heritage properties

keywords

Japan; Japanese; pit house; Poland; Polish; telegraph line

subjects

childhood; games; immigrants; immigration

Cromer tells a story about her mother's terrible driving.

keywords

roads

subjects

police; vehicle

Cromer discusses her experiences in both elementary school and high school in Smithers. She also talks about what she did for fun and leisure as a teenager.

keywords

basketball; Bill Cromer; boy scouts; Canadian Girls in Training; CGIT; dance; elementary school; high school; Muheim Elementary School; seizure; skating; students; teacher; teen town; United Church

subjects

education; recreation; youth

Cromer discusses her experiences pursuing a teaching degree at UBC in Vancouver.

keywords

Bill Cromer; city; Della Herman; dormitories; Stanley Park; teacher's college; UBC

subjects

education; teacher

Cromer discusses her time teaching at the elementary school in Telkwa. She specifically tells a story about the principal trying to scare off a pack of dogs with a shotgun.

keywords

children; dogs; gun; party; principal; snowball; student discipline

subjects

Champ Royal Comission; education; elementary

Cromer discusses teaching in Rutland, just outside of Kelowna, BC.

keywords

cow; marriage; Rutland

subjects

education; elementary

Cromer discusses teaching Kitimat and tells stories about a student named

keywords

Alcan; Indigenous; snow; Southern European; winter

subjects

education; elementary

Cromer discusses the multiple teaching positions she held in Smithers. She also talks about how she adjusted to new teaching protocols.

keywords

alternate school; alternative education; bullying; homeschooling; Indigenous children; Lake Kathlyn; Lake Kathlyn Elementary; parenting; students

subjects

education; School District 54; Sullivan Royal Commission

Cromer discusses her two children Jamie and Michael, including how Michael passed away. She also talks about how being a parent changed her approach to teaching.

keywords

computer science; Della Herman; engineering; Jamie Cromer; Michael Cromer; physics; Tulsa, Oklahoma; UBC

subjects

parenting; teaching

Cromer talks about how schools, teachers, and students have changed since she started teaching.

keywords

subjects

education

Cromer discusses ethics violations she was charged with in 1983 by the BC Teacher's Federation, how she handled the case, and the results.

keywords

court; Della Herman; lawyer; parenting; principal; questionnaire; teaching certification; teaching ethics; union; Vancouver

subjects

BCTF; law; legal; sex education

Cromer discusses an Interior News article written about her son, Michael, shortly after his death.

keywords

death; Michael Cromer

subjects

obituary

Cromer discusses her mother, Della Herman, and the legacy she left behind in Smithers and School District 54.

keywords

Bulkley Valley School Stories; car; Della Herman Theatre; dogs; Driftwood; driving; Muheim Elementary; normal school; School District 54; teacher training; Telkwa; wig

subjects

teaching

Cromer talks about living in the Driftwood Area and what it has been like to live in Bulkley Valley.

keywords

bakery; business; children; Clarence Goodacre; farm; farmers; Fushimi family; Goodacre's; Leach Brothers; lesiure; Mary Berg; parenting; rural

subjects

Driftwood

Cromer describes her short experiences with the Beta Sigma Phi Sorority.

keywords

community organizations; sports; women's group

subjects

Beta Sigma Phi

Cromer discusses both how Smithers has changed and how it hasn't during her life.

keywords

change

subjects

Main Street

Less detail

Interview with Doug Boersema

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions11944
Date Range
November 30 2020
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
textual record
Scope and Content
Interview with Telkwa Museum curator Doug Boersema, recorded November 30 2020 at the Old Church in Smithers by Cassandra McKenney, BVM oral history intern. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, MP3 access file, PDF bibliographic form, photo from day of interview, PDF and .docx copies of question prep…
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
textual record
Creator
Cassandra McKenney
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.6
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
1.83 GB of digital records
Date Range
November 30 2020
Scope and Content
Interview with Telkwa Museum curator Doug Boersema, recorded November 30 2020 at the Old Church in Smithers by Cassandra McKenney, BVM oral history intern. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, MP3 access file, PDF bibliographic form, photo from day of interview, PDF and .docx copies of question prep, and .csv file of subject indexing.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

Why Doug moved to Canada and became a teacher

keywords

architect; caregiver; carpentry; Ebenezer School; Elementary School; Forestry; immigration; Music; Netherlands; Ontario; teaching

subjects

Canada; Teacher

Doug Boersema discusses his forestry career.

keywords

brushing and weeding; contractor; fall and burn; helicopter; mapping; marine claves; pine beetles; ribbiting

subjects

forestry; soil stability

Teaching all over Canada

keywords

Alberta; band; Bible camp; Christian School; Ebenezer School; minister; Ontario; principal; Tricon

subjects

Christian School; teaching

Teaching in Smithers along with practicing religion.

keywords

band; cadet; Canadian Reform Church; children; Dutch; Reform Church; Saddle Club

subjects

education; religion

The hobbies that Doug held in Smithers

keywords

Fall Fair; horses; Midsummer Festival; racetrack; rodeo grounds; Telkwa Museum

subjects

equestrian sports; Fall Fair; Northern Saddle Club

How Tyhee Lake got its name and how the land had changed over time

keywords

Chief Tyhee; farm; First Nations; John Baptiste; namesake; Robert Whitington; settlers

subjects

First Nations; origin

The history of Telkwa as researched by Boersema.

keywords

Aldermere; C.P. Mustanger; Charleston; historian; Hoops; Information Center; logging; museum walk; pioneers; post office; railway; research; restaurant; Shared Histories; summer student; Telkwa Barbeque; TFML Saw Mill; volunteer

subjects

history; research; Telkwa

What life in Telkwa is like and how it used to be.

keywords

bridge; carpentry; heritage; John Darcy; water supply; water tower

subjects

change; Telkwa Museum

What Telkwa's history has told us and how it is interpreted.

keywords

assimilation; culture; dancing; feminism; First Nations; freedom; integration; LGBTQ; money; pioneers; white man

subjects

history; society; Telkwa Museum

Business gravitated to Smithers and left Telkwa

keywords

business; cooperation; drugstore; jobs; Telkwa Barbeque; train

subjects

business