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47 records – page 1 of 3.

Material
WOOD-UNKNOWN; METAL-STEEL;
Description
Feed grinder is a black metal funnel-like object with a large decorative spoked 50cm diameter wheel with a small wooden handle on the side. The wheel has visible cast markings 'ENTERPRISE MFG CO.' 'PHILADELPHIA USA' around the outer perimeter. The wheel is connected to an upright funneled spout w…
Category
TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT FOR MATERIALS
Sub-Category
AGRICULTURAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
Description
Feed grinder is a black metal funnel-like object with a large decorative spoked 50cm diameter wheel with a small wooden handle on the side. The wheel has visible cast markings 'ENTERPRISE MFG CO.' 'PHILADELPHIA USA' around the outer perimeter. The wheel is connected to an upright funneled spout with a three legged brace on the side for attaching to work surface. Visible cast markings on the side of funnel include 'NO. 650' and '2677' on the other side. Feed grinder is mounted on a wooden 'L' shaped brace with two diagonal pieces of wood connected to side and bottom for support.
History Of Use
Mill used for grinding grain from course to finer.
Material
WOOD-UNKNOWN; METAL-STEEL;
Height
73
Width
52.5
Length
51.5
Units Of Measurement
Centimeters
Accession No.
1971.0051.0001
Photograph or Negative No.
None
Type of Record
Museum Artifact
Material
METAL-STEEL;
Description
A: A dusty, brown all metal cultivator constructed of two long, hollow, tubular side pieces, two metal wheels and to plowshares. There is a narrower tube bolted across the side pieces near the top. The two parallel wheels are supported by a short axle bolted through each side piece at the front. …
Category
TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT FOR MATERIALS
Sub-Category
AGRICULTURAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
Description
A: A dusty, brown all metal cultivator constructed of two long, hollow, tubular side pieces, two metal wheels and to plowshares. There is a narrower tube bolted across the side pieces near the top. The two parallel wheels are supported by a short axle bolted through each side piece at the front. The small, sharp plowshares are angled upward on the outside ends. They are positioned slightly behind the wheels and are fastened at the axle and both sides with metal braces and bolts. B: Plowshare claw is curved and can be interchanged with wider plowshares that are currently on garden cultivator. C: Plowshare claw is curved and can be interchanged with wider plowshares that are currently on garden cultivator. D: Plowshare is an additional blade, similar to plowshare attached to cultivator but slightly wider. E: Small double ended wrench for interchanging plowshares. Wrench measures 9cm by 3cm.
History Of Use
Garden cultivator used to dig rows in the ground by farmers. Initially, the cultivator was used by farmers to dig deep for weeds, roots and stones in order to prepare land for planting. The advantages of the cultivator versus the plow was that the cultivator could work deeper and could break up whole land. Over the years changes were made to the cultivator including that attachment of a seed box to enable seeds to be sewn with the same piece of equipment.
Material
METAL-STEEL;
Width
25
Length
145
Depth
44
Units Of Measurement
Centimeters
Accession No.
1976.0031.0006 a-e
Photograph or Negative No.
None
Type of Record
Museum Artifact
Description
USED FOR FILLING IN BLANKS OR MISSES WHERE SEEDS HAD NOT GERMINATED. HAD FOUR FOOT POLE AND NINE INCH IRON DISC THAT WAS PUSHED ALONG THE ROW. SEEDS FELL THROUGH HOLES IN THE DISC AND INTO THE SOIL AT IRREGULAR INTERVALS. MANY VARIATIONS OF SEEDS FOR MARKET GARDENS -- NOT USED MUCH ANY MORE.
Sub-Category
AGRICULTURAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
Description
USED FOR FILLING IN BLANKS OR MISSES WHERE SEEDS HAD NOT GERMINATED. HAD FOUR FOOT POLE AND NINE INCH IRON DISC THAT WAS PUSHED ALONG THE ROW. SEEDS FELL THROUGH HOLES IN THE DISC AND INTO THE SOIL AT IRREGULAR INTERVALS. MANY VARIATIONS OF SEEDS FOR MARKET GARDENS -- NOT USED MUCH ANY MORE.
Accession No.
1976.0031.0007
Type of Record
Museum Artifact
Material
METAL-STEEL;
Description
A silver-painted, all metal device consisting of two sections with a pulley at the center. The top section consists of two similar pieces of cast iron, which are bolted together at the middle of the device. 'H406' is embossed on the inside of one, and 'H407' on the other. There is a small wheel (…
Category
TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT FOR MATERIALS
Sub-Category
AGRICULTURAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
Description
A silver-painted, all metal device consisting of two sections with a pulley at the center. The top section consists of two similar pieces of cast iron, which are bolted together at the middle of the device. 'H406' is embossed on the inside of one, and 'H407' on the other. There is a small wheel (9.7cm in diameter) on each inside corner. The wheels each have a flat running surface and an outside lip. The front of segment 'H407' reads "MEYERS O.K. UNLOADER" with "M" (at the center) and "ASHLAND, O." around the bottom. This top section turns at the base. The bottom section is also constructed of two similar segments of cast iron, riveted together at the top of each end. Each end is rounded and hollow, so as to provide space for a large rope (though one corner is broken) "STEEL" & "BEARING" are embossed on each side. A single wheel, embossed with "H427" is attached at each end. At the middle of the section on either side is a metal clip with "H321" on it. It holds a large, brown metal pulley which has "MEYERS THE F. E. MEYERS & BRO. CO. ASHLAND, OHIO" EMBOSSED AROUND THE CENTER OF EACH SIDE. The pulley has a thick metal ring situated at the center.
Narrative
'Farm Tools Through The Ages', by Michael Partridge, p. 151-153
History Of Use
Hay loaders consisted of a wire cage with claw-like moving rakes mounted on a moving base. A loader was attached at the rear of a moving wagon and collected hay as the moving rake mechanism scooped hay up onto the wire cage 'conveyor belt' which in turn moved the hay into the wagon. This particular metal piece was probably a segment of the loader.
Material
METAL-STEEL;
Length
59
Depth
17
Units Of Measurement
Centimeters
Accession No.
1986.0021.0001
Type of Record
Museum Artifact
Material
METAL-STEEL;
Description
A long, narrow, gently curved metal blade. The back side of the blade is grooved at the center below the thick, smooth top. The back (handle) end of the blade is hook-shaped, with a small, protruding tip, and there is a small, five-point star impressed on the metal near the top. The rounded nose a…
Category
TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT FOR MATERIALS
Sub-Category
AGRICULTURAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
Description
A long, narrow, gently curved metal blade. The back side of the blade is grooved at the center below the thick, smooth top. The back (handle) end of the blade is hook-shaped, with a small, protruding tip, and there is a small, five-point star impressed on the metal near the top. The rounded nose and the bottom of the blade have been ground to a fine edge, and the front of the blade has been smoothed. There is evidence of a weld where the blade and handle would have joined, but the handle is missing.
Narrative
Sears Roebuck 1908 Catalogue, p. 522.
History Of Use
Scythes were used for mowing grass and reaping crops in the 1800's. As mowing and reaping farm machinery was developed, scythes faded in popularity. Instead of being used to mow down entire fields like before, scythes were instead used for small tasks like cutting down weeds. This particular scythe was probably used for cutting down weeds. This scythe was used on the Bayson farm on Newens Road. The farm had been established by an uncle of Fred Bayson in the late 1800's and Fred took over the farm in 1924 and worked it until 1979.
Material
METAL-STEEL;
Width
13
Length
73
Depth
1.7
Units Of Measurement
Centimeters
Accession No.
1990.45.1
Type of Record
Museum Artifact
Material
FABRIC-CANVAS;
Description
A geared hand seeder. This hand seeder consists of a tan canvas bag that is nailed to a wooden rectangular base. Attached under the base at one end is an arched, short piece of wood that sticks out to one side and connects to a longer arched piece of wood that extends to the other side. The longer…
  2 Images  
Category
TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT FOR MATERIALS
Sub-Category
AGRICULTURAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
Description
A geared hand seeder. This hand seeder consists of a tan canvas bag that is nailed to a wooden rectangular base. Attached under the base at one end is an arched, short piece of wood that sticks out to one side and connects to a longer arched piece of wood that extends to the other side. The longer piece of wood also sticks out and has a 7.3cm long handle attached to the end of it. A rectangular piece of wood attaches to both arched pieces of wood. This rectangular piece then extends out to a formed "U" shaped piece of metal. This piece of metal is where a turning wire handle is located. This handle goes from one end of the "U" to the other end. In the middle of the "U" where the handle extends through is a round gear. The turning handle sticks out at an angle and has a round wooden knob fastened at the end. A larger gear is riveted to a malleable piece of iron that extends from the distributing wheel to the other end of the base. The distributing wheel consists of four formed blades that are attached to a disk with a small gear in the center of it.
Narrative
'Farm Tools' by Michael Partridge, p. 118-119
History Of Use
Seed sowers emerged during the 18th Century and replaced the throwing of seed by hand. The canvas bag containing seed was held close to the sower's chest by means of an attached leather strap. The movement of gear wheels and discs under the bag scattered the seeds as the sower walked.
Material
FABRIC-CANVAS;
Height
76
Width
33.5
Length
36.5
Units Of Measurement
Centimeters
Accession No.
1971.64.6
Type of Record
Museum Artifact
Images
Material
WOOD-UNKNOWN;
Description
Wooden rake head. This rake consists of a long rectangular piece of wood with twelve wooden pegs attached to it. The pegs are evenly spaced and rounded at the ends. The pegs are held in place by small nails that are visible only on one side of the wood. The side also has three holes in it. A large …
  2 Images  
Other Names
Hay drag
Category
TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT FOR MATERIALS
Sub-Category
AGRICULTURAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
Description
Wooden rake head. This rake consists of a long rectangular piece of wood with twelve wooden pegs attached to it. The pegs are evenly spaced and rounded at the ends. The pegs are held in place by small nails that are visible only on one side of the wood. The side also has three holes in it. A large hole is in the center for a handle and a small hole on both ends.
History Of Use
This type of rake emerged in the 18th Century. It was used as a general all-purpose rake. According to a previous index card, the rake was made by Joe Burgon who was a pioneer in the Quick area in the early 1900's.
Material
WOOD-UNKNOWN;
Width
13
Length
64
Units Of Measurement
Centimeters
Accession No.
1981.72.1
Type of Record
Museum Artifact
Images
Material
METAL-STEEL;
Description
A short, wide, gently curved metal blade. The back side of the blade is grooved near the center, below the thick, smooth top. The back(handle) end of the blade is hook-shaped, with a small protruding tip, and there is a small five-point star impressed on the metal near the top. The rounded nose an…
  1 Image  
Category
TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT FOR MATERIALS
Sub-Category
AGRICULTURAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
Description
A short, wide, gently curved metal blade. The back side of the blade is grooved near the center, below the thick, smooth top. The back(handle) end of the blade is hook-shaped, with a small protruding tip, and there is a small five-point star impressed on the metal near the top. The rounded nose and the bottom of the blade has been ground to a fine edge, and the front of the blade has been smoothed.
Narrative
Sears Roebuck 1908 Catalogue, p. 522.
History Of Use
This type of scythe blade is used for clearing brush. It's a wider, heavier blade than the type used for harvesting. Scythes such as this one were advertised in the 1908 Sears Roebuck Catalogue, p.522.
Material
METAL-STEEL;
Width
15
Length
50
Depth
1.8
Units Of Measurement
Centimeters
Accession No.
1983.67.3
Type of Record
Museum Artifact
Images
Material
METAL/ALLOY-IRON-WROUGHT;
Description
A hay knife made of a single piece of iron. The long, black, curved blade has a deeply serrated edge. The shank is divided into two sections near the top, one section being bent to the side at a right angle. There are two, smooth wooden handles attached to the ends, the one at the side being perpen…
  1 Image  
Other Names
Hay saw
Category
TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT FOR MATERIALS
Sub-Category
AGRICULTURAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
Description
A hay knife made of a single piece of iron. The long, black, curved blade has a deeply serrated edge. The shank is divided into two sections near the top, one section being bent to the side at a right angle. There are two, smooth wooden handles attached to the ends, the one at the side being perpendicular to the top.
Narrative
1908 Sears Roebuck Catalogue, p. 522
History Of Use
Hay knives were used to cut into the haystack--not for reaping hay which was done by a sickle. The design for this hay knife originated in 1850 and was called the 'Conneticut Hay Knife'.
Material
METAL/ALLOY-IRON-WROUGHT;
Width
27
Length
97
Depth
13
Units Of Measurement
Centimeters
Accession No.
1991.156.1
Type of Record
Museum Artifact
Images
Material
WOOD-UNKNOWN; METAL ALLOY/UNKNOWN
Description
Large wooden curved scythe blade. The metal blade is curved and tapered narrower at the end. The long, narrow blade is gently curved and angled upwards at the front, where it is shaped to a sharp point. The back of the blade is flat and smoothed, with the top edge folded towards the front. The bott…
  2 Images  
Category
TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT FOR MATERIALS
Sub-Category
AGRICULTURAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
Description
Large wooden curved scythe blade. The metal blade is curved and tapered narrower at the end. The long, narrow blade is gently curved and angled upwards at the front, where it is shaped to a sharp point. The back of the blade is flat and smoothed, with the top edge folded towards the front. The bottom of the blade has been ground to a fine edge, but several deep nicks are evident. The back end of the blade is hook-shaped, with a small protruding tip. 'MA.....' is visible at the top back of the 'hook'. The wider end of the blade is attached to a long, curved wooden pole. The pole is curved and there are two separate wooden handle grips attached to the pole via metal fasteners.
History Of Use
Scythe used for cutting grass on the farm by hand. The earlier forms of scythes were from England and were without 'nibs' (hand grips). The handles were called 'snaths' and the nibs were made of hickory. This scythe was probably made after the late 1800's. This scythe was used on the Bayson farm on Newens Road. Fred Bayson's uncle had been farming in the late 1800's and Fred took over the farm in 1924 and farmed until 1979.
Material
WOOD-UNKNOWN; METAL ALLOY/UNKNOWN
Width
77
Length
105
Depth
23
Units Of Measurement
Centimeters
Accession No.
1979.115.18
Type of Record
Museum Artifact
Images
Material
METAL-STEEL;
Description
Metal sluice fork without handle. This sluice fork consists of eight arched tines which attach to a bar. The other side of the bar has a triangular 8.5 cm. long tang in the center. The tips of the tines are rounded.
  1 Image  
Other Names
Pitch fork
Category
TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT FOR MATERIALS
Sub-Category
AGRICULTURAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
Description
Metal sluice fork without handle. This sluice fork consists of eight arched tines which attach to a bar. The other side of the bar has a triangular 8.5 cm. long tang in the center. The tips of the tines are rounded.
History Of Use
Metal sluice forks such as this one are advertised in the 1902 Sears Catalogue, p. 672. They were used for various tasks about the farm.
Material
METAL-STEEL;
Height
44
Width
1
Length
27.3
Units Of Measurement
Centimeters
Accession No.
1986.27.1
Type of Record
Museum Artifact
Images
Material
METAL-STEEL;
Description
A long, narrow, iron plowshare fragment. The front is slightly concave and shaped to a thick, sharp, angled point. There are three holes placed at equal distances along the top edge and one hole at the point. The front of the holes are round and the backs are squared. The bottom of the plowshare ha…
  1 Image  
Other Names
Plowshare
Category
TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT FOR MATERIALS
Sub-Category
AGRICULTURAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
Description
A long, narrow, iron plowshare fragment. The front is slightly concave and shaped to a thick, sharp, angled point. There are three holes placed at equal distances along the top edge and one hole at the point. The front of the holes are round and the backs are squared. The bottom of the plowshare has been ground to a cutting edge. On the back is imprinted 'BRADLEY' and 'T21L'
History Of Use
Plows were used on the farm to dig grooves into the soil in order that crops could be planted.
Material
METAL-STEEL;
Width
15.3
Length
61.3
Depth
9
Units Of Measurement
Centimeters
Accession No.
1991.152.1
Type of Record
Museum Artifact
Images
Material
WOOD-BARK (BIRCH);
Description
A rust coloured birch bark basket with coloured strips around the rim. Strips are yellow, green, and orange. Very stiff and the sides are folded and sewn with willow root. The rim is reinforced with a wooden support.
  2 Images  
Other Names
Birchbark basket
Category
TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT FOR MATERIALS
Sub-Category
AGRICULTURAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
Description
A rust coloured birch bark basket with coloured strips around the rim. Strips are yellow, green, and orange. Very stiff and the sides are folded and sewn with willow root. The rim is reinforced with a wooden support.
History Of Use
Unknown donor. We can only assume it is used to gather berries or for storage, as it is not strong enough for cooking. The coloured strips around the top achieved their colour by dying the strips in berry, vegetable or root juices. Sometimes burying the
Material
WOOD-BARK (BIRCH);
Height
19.5
Width
25
Depth
19
Diameter
Base: 62
Circumference
84
Units Of Measurement
Centimeters
Dimension Notes
base diameter is actually base circumference
Accession No.
1991.137.1
Type of Record
Museum Artifact
Images
Description
A floating Dairy Thermometer with a glass tube and white rope tied to a loop at one end. Inside is a white thermometer with red and black numbers. Written at the top is "TESTRITE MADE IN U.S.A." On the back are guidelines which read "A - Water Freezing (32 degrees); B - Churning (62 degrees); C - C…
  2 Images  
Manufacturer
Testrite
Category
TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Sub-Category
AGRICULTURAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
Place Of Manufacture
U.S.A.
Period or Date Notes
circa 1930s or 1940s
Description
A floating Dairy Thermometer with a glass tube and white rope tied to a loop at one end. Inside is a white thermometer with red and black numbers. Written at the top is "TESTRITE MADE IN U.S.A." On the back are guidelines which read "A - Water Freezing (32 degrees); B - Churning (62 degrees); C - Cheese (85 degrees); D - Scalding (145 degrees); E - Pasteurizing (165 degrees); F - Water Boiling (212 degrees); 45 degree cooling of milk for handling and shipping". The tip is black and red.
History Of Use
1
Length
9
Accession No.
2013.2.2
Type of Record
Museum Artifact
Images
Description
HANDMADE BREAKING PLOUGH
Other Names
PLOW
Sub-Category
AGRICULTURAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
Description
HANDMADE BREAKING PLOUGH
History Of Use
ORIGINAL INDEX CARD NOTES "CARD MADE UP FROM ACCESSION REGISTER INFORMATION."
Accession No.
1977.0126.0001
Type of Record
Museum Artifact
Material
METAL-STEEL;
Description
A four pronged metal spading fork which is missing its handle. The metal piece which would fit into the handle is 13.5 cm. long. The tips of the prongs are diamond-shaped and slightly arched. 'HANDMADE' is handwritten in blue on one side.
Category
TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT FOR MATERIALS
Sub-Category
AGRICULTURAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
Description
A four pronged metal spading fork which is missing its handle. The metal piece which would fit into the handle is 13.5 cm. long. The tips of the prongs are diamond-shaped and slightly arched. 'HANDMADE' is handwritten in blue on one side.
Narrative
1902 Sears Catalogue, p. 668
History Of Use
A fork similar to this was advertised in the 1902 Sears Catalogue p.668. This type of fork would have been used around a farm for various duties.
Material
METAL-STEEL;
Height
40
Width
1
Length
23.5
Units Of Measurement
Centimeters
Accession No.
1971.0052.0006
Photograph or Negative No.
None
Type of Record
Museum Artifact
Material
METAL-STEEL;
Description
The frame of this bone crusher consists of three legs at the bottom which is fastened to a malleable piece of iron. This piece of iron encapsulates the axle. Above the axle, the malleable piece of iron divides into two pieces. Each piece has a hole through the top where a metal rod is located. T…
Category
TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT FOR MATERIALS
Sub-Category
AGRICULTURAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
Description
The frame of this bone crusher consists of three legs at the bottom which is fastened to a malleable piece of iron. This piece of iron encapsulates the axle. Above the axle, the malleable piece of iron divides into two pieces. Each piece has a hole through the top where a metal rod is located. The same rod is fastened to the large flywheel. The flywheel consists of a 54cm diam. wheel with a 12cm wooden handle. The same side has "JOLIET ILL., HUMPHREY & SONS" embossed and "4" imprinted on it. The other side of the wheel has a small gear fastened in the center of it. This small gear sits upon a larger gear that is fastened to the axle. The other side of the axle has an iron disk attached to it. One side of the disk has ridges while the other side is smooth. Three evenly spaced slits run from the center of the disk to the rim. Each slit has a blade fastened to one side. Beside the disk is a hopper with indecipherable letters on the face of it. The rim of the hopper is a separate piece of malleable iron. One part of the rim is ridged then it extends over the disk then onto the iron rod that's attached to the flywheel. A curved knob is attached near the end on top. A metal door that is shaped like the hopper is connected to part of the rim. It also connects to a wheel with a gear attached to the middle. This gear over along the ridged rim when the wheel turns. When the wheel turns the door also moves in the same direction. The face of the door has "PAT JULY 3, 1900, CANADA PATENTED 1901"
Narrative
'Farm Tools' by Michael Partridge, p.179
History Of Use
This bone crusher was used to grind up animal bones to make bone meal for fertilizer. This was a common practice still in the early 1900's until commercial fertilizer became more readily available. Bone crushers such as this one were used by farmers because animal bones were readily available on the farm and therefore were an inexpensive form of fertilizer. This bone crusher was used on the Bayson farm which was established in the late 1800's by an uncle of Fred Bayson. Fred took over the farm upon the death of his uncle in 1924 and worked at farming in the Bulkley Valley until his death in 1979.
Material
METAL-STEEL;
Height
115
Width
54
Length
49.5
Units Of Measurement
Centimeters
Accession No.
1979.0115.0012
Photograph or Negative No.
None
Type of Record
Museum Artifact
Material
METAL/ALLOY-IRON-WROUGHT;
Description
Two pairs of hook and eye fastener. The fasteners have three parts all connected. Hook and fastener are secured by an 'O' ring. Looks handmade. The wrought iron is approximately 6.5cm in circumference.
Category
TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
Sub-Category
AGRICULTURAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
Description
Two pairs of hook and eye fastener. The fasteners have three parts all connected. Hook and fastener are secured by an 'O' ring. Looks handmade. The wrought iron is approximately 6.5cm in circumference.
History Of Use
Two pairs of hook and eye fastener. Possibly for horse logging.
Material
METAL/ALLOY-IRON-WROUGHT;
Length
27
Units Of Measurement
Centimeters
Accession No.
1979.0115.0025 a-b
Photograph or Negative No.
None
Type of Record
Museum Artifact

47 records – page 1 of 3.