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Description
This handheld “Saturn Scope,” patented by James M. Davis in 1895, represents the most common version of the stereograph, which was used to create a 3D image. c-p are the slides used by the Saturnscope. Most of the photos were taken in the 1890s. A: Saturnscope B: Saturnscope slide C: River scene D…
  32 Images  
Category
TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT FOR COMMUNICATION
Sub-Category
PHOTOGRAPHIC TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
Start Date
1839
End Date
1930
Description
This handheld “Saturn Scope,” patented by James M. Davis in 1895, represents the most common version of the stereograph, which was used to create a 3D image. c-p are the slides used by the Saturnscope. Most of the photos were taken in the 1890s. A: Saturnscope B: Saturnscope slide C: River scene D: King's Garden in Sweden E: Public Gardens in Boston F: Christ before Pilate G: Twin Rocks, Oregon H: Queen Victoria I: Colonial Camp J: Johannesburg Police K: Soldiers sailing L: Thousand Islands M: Cape Town, South Africa N: Niagra Falls O: Her Majesty's Navy at Cape Town P: Derby volunteers in South Africa
Number Of Parts
16
Part Names
The Saturnscope and pictures
Accession No.
2013.24.58 a-p
Type of Record
Museum Artifact
Images
Description
Piece of aqua-blue Collins insulator.
Title
Collins Telegraph Insulator
Category
TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Sub-Category
ELECTRICAL AND MAGNETIC TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
Start Date
1865
End Date
1867
Description
Piece of aqua-blue Collins insulator.
Narrative
From the Kispiox area
History Of Use
Insulators kept the wires linking telegraphs insulated from the wooden poles that held them aloft. Insulators can be dated by looking at material that they are made of, and how they were manufactured. The earliest insulators were made of glass, and were first made in the 1840s. Threaded glass insulators were patented in 1865 as a means of more securely fastening the glass to the wood pins (like a bottle and its cap). Porcelain and ceramic insulators, which were found to have superior protective properties, came into use in the late 1800s.
Cultural Context
The Russian–American Telegraph, also known as the Western Union Telegraph Expedition and the Collins Overland Telegraph, was an undertaking by the Western Union Telegraph Company in 1865–1867, to lay an electric telegraph line from San Francisco, California to Moscow, Russia. The route was intended to travel from California via Oregon, Washington Territory, the Colony of British Columbia and Russian America, under the Bering Sea and across Siberia to Moscow, where lines would communicate with the rest of Europe. It was proposed as an alternate to long, deep underwater cables in the Atlantic. The line was abandoned in 1867. Source: Wikipedia
Accession No.
1986.14.1
Type of Record
Museum Artifact
Material
FABRIC-VELVET;
METAL/ALLOY-BRASS; WOOD-UNKNOWN;
PLASTIC;
Description
1997.58.1 a: A small brown mahogany wooden box lined with black velvet on the inside. The lid of the box has a yellow manufacturers' label in the centre of it. "Sikes Hydrometer Dring&Faage 56 Stamford St London Makers to the Revenues of the United Kingdon & Colonies. There is a crest with two lion…
  4 Images  
Title
Sikes Hygrometer
Manufacturer
Dringe&Page - The words "Makers to the Revenue of the United Kindom & Colonies" on the label indicate their work was well known.
Category
TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Sub-Category
DATA PROCESSING TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
METEROLOGICAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
Place Of Manufacture
London
Start Date
1840
End Date
1941
Period or Date Notes
Science Museum Group Collection.
Description
1997.58.1 a: A small brown mahogany wooden box lined with black velvet on the inside. The lid of the box has a yellow manufacturers' label in the centre of it. "Sikes Hydrometer Dring&Faage 56 Stamford St London Makers to the Revenues of the United Kingdon & Colonies. There is a crest with two lions on either side of it and a crown at the top between the names Sikes & the Maker below. It has two 2.5cm long brass hinges at the back and two brass hook fasteners at either end of the front. Inside the box are indentations which hold the instruments securely in place. 1997.58.1 b: A glass thermometer mounted on a 18.2 cm long narrow piece of plastic type material, with brass mounts at either end. DRING&fAGE 56 STAMFORD ST LONDON is marked above the top of the termometer. There is a small mark to one side with the words TRADE at the top and MARK at the bottom. Thermometers are marked in degrees from 30 to 100. 1997.58.1 c: Is the hygrometer which has a narrow brass ruler with markings from 0 down to 10 and is attached to a lightweight brass coloured bulb. The trade mark is at the top of one side of the ruler without the makers name. Along side of the instrument itself are 10 ivory colour buttons which would had held the disk type of weights (msg) in place. 1997.58.1 d: A thin weighted 4.5cm long brass coloured tube which appears to have been attached to the bottom of the bulb at the top. The bottom has a small tear drop shape to it which would hold the hydrometer upright when inserted into water.
Narrative
The ten weights for the hydrometer are missing. They would have been round flat disks with a slit on one side that slipped into place on the pegs.
History Of Use
Used for measuring density in liquids like water, etc.
Material
FABRIC-VELVET;
METAL/ALLOY-BRASS; WOOD-UNKNOWN;
PLASTIC;
Inscriptions
SIKES HYDROMETER
Height
5.2 cm
Width
10.0 cm
Length
21.5 cm
Units Of Measurement
Centimeters
Number Of Parts
4
Accession No.
1997.58.1 a-d
Type of Record
Museum Artifact
Images
Material
METAL/ALLOY-TIN;
PAPER;
Description
a) A round, squat tin with red background with a stylized design featuring holly leaves and stars in gold. The bottom of the tin and the outer edge of the lid are bordered in a wave-like pattern, also in gold. The bottom of the tin is gold colored with fragments of paper label. At the center is a…
  2 Images  
Manufacturer
Peek Frean Co
Category
TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Sub-Category
MERCHANDISING TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
Place Of Manufacture
England
Start Date
1866
End Date
1989
Period or Date Notes
James Peek & George Frean started the company. Peek Frean & Co. was the first mass producer of biscuits and employed over 3,000 people in its time from when it opened in 1866 to when it closed in the late 80s. (1989)
Description
a) A round, squat tin with red background with a stylized design featuring holly leaves and stars in gold. The bottom of the tin and the outer edge of the lid are bordered in a wave-like pattern, also in gold. The bottom of the tin is gold colored with fragments of paper label. At the center is a small heraldic design with 'BY APPOINTMENT'' BISCUIT & VITA-WEAT' 'CRISPBREAD MANUFACTURERS' below. Also, 'PEEK, FREAN & CO. LTD., BISCUIT MANUFACTURERS, LONDON, ENGLAND'. Below this at the edge of the tin is 'U.K. PATENTS 486002, 486083, 514045, 514046' and 'MADE IN ENGLAND'. b) The lid of the tin which is also red with the same design of holly leaves and stars in gold. It features a picture of a child in a white frilly blouse, holding a bunny. A gold border encircles the picture.
Material
METAL/ALLOY-TIN;
PAPER;
Height
7.4
Diameter
20.5
Units Of Measurement
Centimeters
Number Of Parts
2
Accession No.
1980.165.7 a-b
Type of Record
Museum Artifact
Images
Material
METAL/ALLOY-TIN;
Description
A). A rectangular, metal tin. The inside is plain metal but the bottom and sides have a paper covering. The bottom is white with a sticker that says "11 1/4 ozs. NET WEIGHT". The sides have ripped grey and white paper - the top half of the label has been ripped off. Both long sides has the bottom h…
  2 Images  
Manufacturer
Peek, Frean & Co. Ltd
Category
TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Sub-Category
MERCHANDISING TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
Place Of Manufacture
England: London
Start Date
1866
End Date
1989
Period or Date Notes
James Peek & George Frean started the company. Peek Frean & Co was the first mass producer of biscuits and employed over 3,000 people in its time from when it opened in 1866 to when it closed in the late 80s (1989)
Description
A). A rectangular, metal tin. The inside is plain metal but the bottom and sides have a paper covering. The bottom is white with a sticker that says "11 1/4 ozs. NET WEIGHT". The sides have ripped grey and white paper - the top half of the label has been ripped off. Both long sides has the bottom half of a word in blue writing with "PEEK-FREAN & CO LTD." underneath it. Both short sides have "BISCUIT MANUFACTURER LONDON ENGLAND" in blue and white writing. One side has the remains of a sticker with "PEEK, FREAN (CAN)..". B). The metal lid with a paper label on the front. In white lettering on a blue background it says "PEEK FREAN'S PLAY BOX BISCUITS REGD PEEK, FREAN & CO, LTD., LONDON, ENGLAND. Around this are pictures of cookies with white, pink, red, brown, and blue icing. Drawn on them are designs of animals, tea sets, and people.
Narrative
These biscuits had a hard icing on them and each one represented different popular nursery rhymes.
Material
METAL/ALLOY-TIN;
Width
16.6
Length
23
Depth
4.2
Units Of Measurement
Centimeters
Number Of Parts
2
Accession No.
1993.11.21 a-b
Type of Record
Museum Artifact
Images
Material
METAL / ALLOY - UNKNOWN
Description
a) A metal square tin with cream, gold, and red details. On two opposite sides is a red banner with "PEEK FREAN'S" in white lettering surrounded by a gold design. Below this in red lettering is "MADE BY PEEK, FREAN & CO., LTD., LONDON, S.E.16, ENGLAND". On the other two sides is "PEEK, FREAN & CO.,…
  3 Images  
Manufacturer
Peek Frean & Company Ltd.
Category
TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Sub-Category
MERCHANDISING TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
Place Of Manufacture
England
Start Date
1866
End Date
1989
Period or Date Notes
The company was formed by James Peek & George Frean. Peek Frean & Co was the first mass producer of biscuits and employed over 3,000 people in its time from when it opened in 1866 to when it closed in the late 80's (1989)
Description
a) A metal square tin with cream, gold, and red details. On two opposite sides is a red banner with "PEEK FREAN'S" in white lettering surrounded by a gold design. Below this in red lettering is "MADE BY PEEK, FREAN & CO., LTD., LONDON, S.E.16, ENGLAND". On the other two sides is "PEEK, FREAN & CO., LIMITED AFTERNOON TEA ASSORTED FAMOUS ENGLISH BISCUITS" in gold, white, and red lettering. b) The metal push-on lid for the tin. On the front of the tin on a red background is "TO HER MAJESTY THE QUEEN BISCUIT MANUFACTURERS. PEEK, FREAN & CO., LTD. PEEK FREAN'S FAMOUS ENGLISH BISCUIT". There is a blue and white sticker obscuring part of the label which says "large cake Nove 5/96 Nov 11/99".
History Of Use
Maunfactured biscuits in bulk
Material
METAL / ALLOY - UNKNOWN
Height
12
Width
22.5
Length
22.5
Units Of Measurement
Centimeters
Number Of Parts
2
Accession No.
2016.7.2 a-b
Type of Record
Museum Artifact
Images
Material
METAL / ALLOY - UNKNOWN
Description
a) A round metal cookie tin with pictures of cookies all over the sides. The cookies have white, red, blue, yellow, and brown icing with designs of humans and animals drawn on them. Written on two white cookies in black ink is "MADE BY PEEK, FREAN, & CO. LTD LONDON, ENGLAND". Written on a blue cook…
  1 Image  
Manufacturer
Peek Frean & Company
Category
TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Sub-Category
MERCHANDISING TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
Place Of Manufacture
England
Start Date
1866
End Date
1989
Period or Date Notes
James Peek & George Frean started the company. Peek Frean & Co. was the first mass producer of biscuits and employed over 3,000 people in its time from when it opened in 1866 to when it closed in the late 80s.
Description
a) A round metal cookie tin with pictures of cookies all over the sides. The cookies have white, red, blue, yellow, and brown icing with designs of humans and animals drawn on them. Written on two white cookies in black ink is "MADE BY PEEK, FREAN, & CO. LTD LONDON, ENGLAND". Written on a blue cookies on the bottom of the tin is H.B.&S. LTD. READING, ENGLAND. b) The metal push-on lid with pictures of the same cookies across the top. Written in the centre on a blue background is "BISCUIT AND VITA-WEAT CRISPBREAD MANUFACTURERS BY APPOINTMENT PEEK FREAN'S PLAYBOX REGD BISCUITS".
History Of Use
Used for biscuits
Material
METAL / ALLOY - UNKNOWN
Height
9.7
Diameter
20
Circumference
64.5
Units Of Measurement
Centimeters
Number Of Parts
2
Accession No.
2016.7.5 a-b
Type of Record
Museum Artifact
Images
Material
METAL/ALLOY-UNKNOWN;
Description
a) A flat, cream-colored, rectangular tin. The sides of the box show a scene of men riding horses in the country. Both ends are similar to each other, as are front and back. The bottom of the box has a remnant of label with pictures of cookies and 'PEEK FREAN LONDON' printed on one cookie and "PE…
  2 Images  
Manufacturer
Peek Frean & Co
Category
TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Sub-Category
MERCHANDISING TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
Place Of Manufacture
England
Start Date
1866
End Date
1989
Period or Date Notes
Peek Frean & Co started by James Peek & George Frean. Peek Frean & Co. was the first mass producer of biscuits and employed over 3,000 people in its time from when it opened in 1866 to when it closed in the late 80s (1989)
Description
a) A flat, cream-colored, rectangular tin. The sides of the box show a scene of men riding horses in the country. Both ends are similar to each other, as are front and back. The bottom of the box has a remnant of label with pictures of cookies and 'PEEK FREAN LONDON' printed on one cookie and "PEEK FRE.. JERS... CREA.. LONDON" printed on another cookie. b) The push-on lid for the tin with a picture of a jockey in a red and blue jacket with gold trim, white pants, and a black hat. 'GORDON RICHARDS (Champion British Jockey)' is printed on the front edge of the lid.
Material
METAL/ALLOY-UNKNOWN;
Height
4.6
Width
16
Length
20
Units Of Measurement
Centimeters
Number Of Parts
2
Accession No.
1991.82.1 a-b
Type of Record
Museum Artifact
Images

Handkerchief and Soft Collar Holder

https://search.bvmuseum.org/permalink/artifacts992
Description
a) Handkerchief holder or bag, made of brown leather with strap and silver buckle with engraving. Interior has two pockets, one labeled ' Soft Collars', the other ' Handkerchiefs' in gold stylized writing. Interior of the pockets is a blue and orange floral patterned fabric. b) white linen handherc…
  4 Images  
Other Names
collar bag
Handkerchief bag
Category
PERSONAL OBJECTS
Sub-Category
PERSONAL GEAR
Start Date
1830
End Date
1930
Period or Date Notes
Source: https://library.wustl.edu/advertising-19th-century-detachable-collar/, accessed 1/18/2019
Description
a) Handkerchief holder or bag, made of brown leather with strap and silver buckle with engraving. Interior has two pockets, one labeled ' Soft Collars', the other ' Handkerchiefs' in gold stylized writing. Interior of the pockets is a blue and orange floral patterned fabric. b) white linen handherchief with "M" embroidered in red thread. c) white linen handherchief
History Of Use
Detachable collars worn by men that were unstarched were referred to as "soft collars". Detachable collars were most popular from the mid nineteenth to early twentieth centuries.
Units Of Measurement
Centimeters
Accession No.
1990.64.1 a-c
Type of Record
Museum Artifact
Images
Material
METAL-STEEL; WOOD-UNKNOWN;
Description
Bush or brush hook has a 91.5 cm oval, wooden handle with open hearth metal blade strapped by metal collar on one end and through metal eye on upper portion. The double-edged blade is curved outwards similar to a scythe with the bottom rounded. Blade measures 29.5 cm by 9.5cm and is still quite sha…
  1 Image  
Manufacturer
Collins & Co
Other Names
Bush hook
Category
TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT FOR MATERIALS
Sub-Category
AGRICULTURE TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
Start Date
1826
End Date
1950
Period or Date Notes
Dates based on Collins & Co. records held by the Connecticut Historical Society, Hartford, Connecticut
Description
Bush or brush hook has a 91.5 cm oval, wooden handle with open hearth metal blade strapped by metal collar on one end and through metal eye on upper portion. The double-edged blade is curved outwards similar to a scythe with the bottom rounded. Blade measures 29.5 cm by 9.5cm and is still quite sharp. Handle has scroll end and is wearing due to age. Stamped on blade is "COLLINS & CO / HARTFORD" and "LEGITIMUS"
History Of Use
Bush hook was used for agriculture use in controlling underbrush and the clearing of grasses.
Material
METAL-STEEL; WOOD-UNKNOWN;
Width
26.5
Length
103
Units Of Measurement
Centimeters
Accession No.
1979.115.22
Type of Record
Museum Artifact
Images

10 records – page 1 of 1.