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Interviews with Jean and Reg Heal

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions12250
Date Range
November 19 1988
August 14 1997
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Scope and Content
Two interviews with Reg and Jean Heal (nee Gregerson). One was recorded on November 19th 1988 by Ruth Murdoch as part of the "Growing Up in the Bulkley Valley" series. The other was recorded on August 14th 1997 by Misty Jorgen at the Heals' home in Smithers. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, .MP3…
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Creator
Ruth Murdoch;
Misty Jorgen
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.43
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
4.93 GB of digital records
Date Range
November 19 1988
August 14 1997
History / Biographical
Reg Heal (1917-2004) was born to Ernest and Mary Heal on the family farm near Telkwa; Jean (1920-2014) was born in Smithers to Gilbert and Mary Gregerson of Evelyn. Reg helped out on his family’s farm, cut ice on Lake Kathlyn, and worked in the Telkwa Coal Mine. Jean worked on the Low farm and Dr. Green’s office in Smithers. They married in 1943 and had two children, Lawrence and Barbara. In 1956 the Heals moved to Smithers, where Reg worked for the school district.
Scope and Content
Two interviews with Reg and Jean Heal (nee Gregerson). One was recorded on November 19th 1988 by Ruth Murdoch as part of the "Growing Up in the Bulkley Valley" series. The other was recorded on August 14th 1997 by Misty Jorgen at the Heals' home in Smithers. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, .MP3 access files, and .jpg release forms.
Notes
Sound quality of both interviews is very poor due to high background noise and low interviewee volume.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

Introduction of Reg and Jean Heal, giving their years and places of birth and some info about their parents.

keywords

Ernest Heal; Evelyn; Heal farm; horse and wagon; Mary Fryer Heal; Mary Gregerson; road conditions; Smithers Town Hall; Telkwa; Tyhee Lake

subjects

birth info; Jean Gregerson; Reg Heal

Jean and Reg share childhood memories of playing outdoors on their families' farms.

keywords

barbecues; calf roping; cat; creek; dog; Evelyn School; frogs; grouse; homemade skis; lassoing; Margaret Gregerson; Mary Gregerson; pollywogs; pond; rabbits; skiing; sleigh rides; spring; summer; Ted Gregerson; Telkwa Barbecue; winter

subjects

childhood; family; outdoors; play; recreation; siblings

Jean Heal recounts the chores that she did as a child and where her mother sold the goods produced by the family farm.

keywords

butter; carrying water; chickens; chicks; eggs; firewood; Mary Gregerson; milking cows; school; Telkwa Creamery; Valentine Dairy; Watson's Store

subjects

chores; farm; responsibilities

Jean recalls how special her family's horses were to her, telling stories of sleigh rides, the death of a favourite horse, and a time when the new horses attempted to run away.

keywords

colic; death; horse driving; horse team; Mary Gregerson; runaway horses; sickness; sleigh; sleighing

subjects

animals; horses

Jean discusses a special tree in her family's barnyard which served as a stopping point for travelers and a place of trade between the Gregerson family and local Indigenous peoples. She also describes tending to her family's gardens and harvesting some of the weeds to eat.

keywords

chores; church; Evelyn School; fish; Indigenous people; Mary Gregerson; nettles; pigweed; stopping place; trading; washing

subjects

favourite place; gardens; tree; weeding

Jean Heal shares a story of how her mother and several neighbours rescued a calf which had fallen through the ice into a river.

keywords

Fred Rosberg; ice; Lee Johnson; Mr. Owens?; Mrs. Johnson; Selma Rosberg; winter

subjects

calf; Mary Gregerson; rescue; river

Jean recounts games that she used to play as a child, both and hole and at school.

keywords

Ante-Ante-I-Over; hide and seek; Prisoner's Base; school; scrub baseball; snow forts; snow tunnel; snowball fights; tag; teacher

subjects

entertainment; games; play; recreation

Jean recounts her memories of Christmas as a child, particularly the scarcity of money and presents. Note that the latter section about traplines is almost inaudible.

keywords

Auntie Meg; Christmas concerts; Christmas trees; cup and saucer; furs; Japanese oranges; no presents; parcel; trapline; trapping

subjects

Christmas; holidays

Jean talks about how the family rarely went in to Smithers all together, as someone always had to be left behind to do chores on the farm. She also mentions how horses and wagons would cut across Lake Kathlyn when it was frozen, which sometimes ended in disaster.

keywords

Beaton's Barn; Belgian horse team; clearing snow; horses; ice; ice houses; Lake Kathlyn; sleigh; wagon; winter

subjects

Smithers; transportation; travel

Jean recalls entertaining school events such as noon hour dances and end-of-the-year picnics, as well as which hours of the day the different grades started and left school.

keywords

Henry Johnson; ice cream; May 24th; musical instruments; Orville Elliott; school hours; school picnics; school times; Trout Creek; Victoria Day

subjects

dancing; Evelyn School; events; picnic; school

Jean explains the essential roles that women, such as her mother Mary Gregerson, played in rural society.

keywords

canning; cars; driving; food preservation; meet curing

subjects

chores; jobs; responsibilities; women; women's labour

Reg Heal recalls his childhood on the family farm near Tyhee Lake, with a focus on chores such as hauling hay and milking cows.

keywords

chickens; clover seed; cows; crops; dairy; hauling hay; hay rake; horses; milking cows; tie cutting; timothy seed

subjects

childhood; chores; farms; responsibilities

Reg recalls toys, games, and other forms of entertainment from his childhood, particularly winter sports such as skating and skiing.

keywords

Barger Ranch; hide and seek; homemade skis; pop guns; skating; skiing; sleigh riding; softball; toy train; Tyhee Lake

subjects

entertainment; games; sports; toys

Reg gives his memories of Christmas at his paternal grandparents' (Fred and Ann Heal) house.

keywords

Ann Anderson Heal; beefsteak pudding; English; Fred Heal; gramophone; music; plum pudding

subjects

Christmas; grandparents; holidays

Reg gives his memories of attending school in Telkwa, including a story about a time the horse he was riding turned around and brought him back home.

keywords

subjects

chores; grandparents' house; horse riding; horses; Hubert; school; Telkwa School; tie contract; wood packing

Reg recounts Christmas and New Year's gatherings with the tie camp workers at Hubert, including one man who would buy presents and play Santa Claus for the children. He and Jean also discuss dances held at Evelyn and how young men would have to ask permission from a woman's parents to dance with her.

keywords

accordion; chaperones; dancing; fiddling; Hubert; Hubert townsite; Mary Heal Jr; music; New Year's Dance; Oscar Englund; presents; raft; Santa Claus; tie camp; tie cutters; toy train; Victor Lundstrom; workers

subjects

Christmas; dances; gatherings; holidays; New Year's; social events

While discussing the general self-sufficiency of the era (1920s & 30s), Jean describes how she would raise chicks in an incubator and later sell the fryers at Lake Kathlyn. Reg talks about how his father would deliver eggs and chickens to hotels and restaurants in town. Also some discussion of the low prices of the time.

keywords

bicycling; biking; carrying water; chicks; costs; eggs; Ernie Heal; fryers; incubator; Lake Kathlyn; Mary Gregerson; Model T Ford; no money; prices; restaurants; school; summer homes; transportation; walking

subjects

chores; deliveries; errands; prices; raising chickens; self-sufficiency; selling goods

In a continuation of the previous topic, Jean and Reg discuss the end of the Depression and the start of WWII, including the arrival of extra workers to build the Smithers Airport, Jean's role making items for the Red Cross, and why Reg was unsuccessful in joining the army.

keywords

airport construction; bandages; broken eardrum; ear infection; essential worker; extra workers; farming; knitting; mining; sewing; Telkwa Colleries; war effort

subjects

army; Great Depression; military service; Red Cross; Smithers Airport; World War II

Interview concludes with various additional reminiscences of Reg's and Jean's, including: clearing land, knitting and sewing, a 1929 Oldsmobile bought and repaired by Reg as a teenager, teacher Phyllis Davidson, the friendliness of Indigenous neighbours, and forms of financial relief during the Great Depression. Note: interview ends suddenly without a proper conclusion.

keywords

1929 Oldsmobile; cars; clean-up plant; clearing land; driver's license; Eaton's; Great Depression; Moricetown; Mr. Joe Nass; Mrs. Joe Nass; Phyllis Davidson; relief camps; relief funds; repairing machinery; Singer sewing machine; teacher; welfare; Witset

subjects

cars; financial aid; financial assistance; Indigenous people; knitting; memories; sewing

Jean Gregerson Heal recounts the histories of her parents, their occupations, how they met and came to Canada after the First World War, and their arrival and marriage in Smithers. She also tells of her birth in Smithers' town hall during a thunderstorm.

keywords

Alaska; Alfred Avenue; appendix; Beaton's Barn; birth; Boer War; Bulkley Hotel; Copper River Slim; coyote carpet; delivering babies; diagnoses; Donald Lake; Duluth, Minnesota; Elliotts; England; Evelyn; furs; gardening; homesteading; Hudson Bay Company; immigration; Ingrid Palmer; Johnny Johnson; Johnsons; livery stable; logging; marriage; McDonell Lake; military hospital; Mr. and Mrs. Beaton; Norway; nurse; Petersons; practical nursing; railroad; Scotland; Smithers; South Africa; South African War; St. James Anglican Church; town hall; trapping; Vancouver; Vimy Ridge; war bride; wartime experiences; Wiggs O'Neill; World War I; wounded in action

subjects

family history; Gilbert Gregerson; Gregerson family; Mary Gregerson

Jean describes how her parents moved to the Evelyn area shortly after their marriage and made a living as farmers. She discusses the typical work that was done on the farm, her mother's career as a midwife, and the hazards of travelling over the frozen Lake Kathlyn to get to Smithers or cut ice.

keywords

bread; canning; credit; curing meat; delivering babies; driving; first car; food preservation; groceries; horses; ice cutting; ice houses; Jim Waddington; knitting; Lake Kathlyn; lamps; lighting; livestock; medal; midwife; Mr. and Mrs. Miller; nursing; produce; Railway Avenue; reading; Red Cross campaign; sewing; Smithers; socializing; Soldier Settlement Board; Thornes; transportation; Watson's Store; winter

subjects

Evelyn; farming; Gilbert Gregerson; Mary Gregerson

Jean talks about growing up in Evelyn with her twin sister Margaret and brother Ted. She describes the chores that the children did around the farm, as well as school and recreation.

keywords

berry picking; birth; carrying water; chickens; chopping wood; cream separating; doctors; Dr. Cecil Hankinson; Dr. L.M. (Lawrence) Greene; eggs; feeding animals; games; gardening; homework; making butter; Margaret Gregerson; milking cows; Mrs. Gray; nurse; Prince Rupert; school; skiing; Smithers Hospital; Ted Gregerson; Telkwa Creamery; town hall; twins; Valentine's Dairy; Vanderhoof

subjects

childhood; chores; Evelyn; farm; siblings

Jean describes her education at Evelyn School, including special events such as parties, concerts, picnics, dancing, and examinations.

keywords

activities; blackboards; busing; Christmas concerts; classmates; correspondence courses; dancing; doctor; Dr. F. Vere Agnew; Driftwood; Ella Currie; embroidery; entrance exam; examinations; fishing; flower garden; Halloween parties; Henry Johnson; ice cream; ink; inkwells; inspection; Kitseguecla; local dances; Marjorie Jacquot; May 24th picnic; medical exam; Mr. Muir; Mr. Plumber; music; musical instruments; nib pens; oral tests; Orville Elliott; Phyllis Davidson; picnics; school house; sewing; singing; students; swimming; teachers; Toboggan Creek; Toboggan Lake; Trout Creek; Verna Marett; Victor Lundstrom

subjects

education; Evelyn School; school; special events

Jean discusses her life after graduation: working for various local families, meeting Reg Heal at a dance at Driftwood, and eventually marrying him.

keywords

Barbara Heal Hurstfield; children; correspondence courses; Credit Union; dance; Dr. L.M. (Lawrence) Greene; Driftwood School; Evelyn; gas rations; Glentanna; Hazelton; honeymoon; Jean Gair; Lawrence Heal; music; musicians; Prince Rupert; Smithers; Sorrento, BC; United Church; Walcott

subjects

employment; marriage; Reg Heal; work

Jean discusses the location and history of the Evelyn community, and describes what life was like there in the 1920s and 30s.

keywords

Adam's Igloo; agriculture; Andrew Johnson; Auntie Meg; bicycle; burning; canning; carpenter; cattle; chickens; Christmas; clearing land; cream; Doughty; driving horses; Ed Johnson; eggs; Evelyn School; farmers; hand-me-downs; haying; health; ice loading; incubator; Jack Johnson; livelihoods; MacMillans; Mary Gregerson; moose; Mr. and Mrs. Nichols; Mr. Fagerlid; odd jobs; Owens family; parcel; picking rocks; population; post office; raising chickens; Rosbergs; Scandinavians; section foreman; sickness; Storey family; subdivisions; Trout Creek; women's labour

subjects

Evelyn; history; rural life

Jean continues her discussion of Evelyn, with a focus on the various buildings, businesses, and community events there.

keywords

badminton; bunkhouse; church; concerts; doctor's office; Elks Hall; Evelyn Community Hall; Evelyn post office; Evelyn Station; flagging; halibut; hay shed; house; Jim Storey; L.B. Storey; Masons; minister; Mr. Fagerlid; Mr. Rosberg; New Year's dance; social events; station houses; stationmaster; Storeys; Toboggan Lake; train station; transportation of goods; United Church; waiting room; weddings; Women's Institute

subjects

buildings; businesses; community events; community organizations; Evelyn; Evelyn Hall; railway; special events

Interview cuts to a different conversation regarding a map of Evelyn. Jean identifies where different families lived and who later took over their properties.

keywords

Evelyn School; highway; Toboggan Creek

subjects

Evelyn; farms; properties

Jean discusses the many families who resided in Evelyn and what they did for a living. (Note: the spelling of these names has been verified with the Interior News whenever possible, but may not be 100% accurate in all instances).

keywords

Andrew Johnson; Castells; Charlie McGuire; Dave Bird; dugout; Ed Johnson; Elliotts; Fagerlids; farming; Fred Castell; George Ballard; George Storey; Gus Olsen; Hanson's farm; Helge Karlsen; highways; ice cream store; Jim Capling; John Johnson; John Tyne; Leipes; loading ties; MacMillans; McDonalds; mining; Mr. McMaster; Murrays; Oscar Engman; Owens family; Palmesons; Pedersens; Petersons; post office; Rosbergs; section man; Smalls; station agent; Trigvie; W. Siler; Yeliches

subjects

Evelyn; families; farmers; livelihoods; occupations

Interview cuts suddenly to a discussion about log driving along the Skeena.

keywords

Hazelton; Scandinavians

subjects

log driving; river drives; Skeena River; transport

Reg Heal's section of the interview begins with a discussion of his family's history. He explains how the Heals came to the Bulkley Valley in the early 1900s and what jobs they took up once there.

keywords

Ann Anderson Heal; birth; clearing land; doctor; Ernest Heal; family farm; Fred Heal; government work; Hagwilget Bridge; Hazelton; land pre-emption; Mary Fryer Heal; midwife; Olof Hanson; policeman; Saanich; sternwheeler; tie contracts; tie cutting; Tyhee Lake; Victoria; work

subjects

family history; farming; Heal family; occupations

Short discussion of local politician and businessman Olof Hanson.

keywords

airport; Hubert; office; politics; Smithers

subjects

Olof Hanson

Reg explains how a demand for timothy seed saved many farmers' livelihoods during the Great Depression.

keywords

agriculture; crops; harvesting; seeding; threshing

subjects

farmers; farming; Great Depression; timothy seed

Reg briefly discusses his father Ernest's contract to help clear a section of the Smithers townsite in 1913.

keywords

contract; Jack Oakes; Main Street; swamp

subjects

clearing land; employment; Ernest Heal; Smithers townsite; work

Reg briefly discusses his school days in Telkwa.

keywords

grades; student population; teachers

subjects

education; school; Telkwa School

Reg discusses the work he did after leaving school as a teenager, first on the family farm and later at a sawmill. He describes in detail how the ties were cut at the mill.

keywords

bush camp; clearing land; cutting wood; ploughing

subjects

cutting ties; employment; farm work; labour; sawmill; work

Reg discusses his later work as an ice cutter on Lake Kathlyn, detailing how the ice was cut, loaded, transported by train, and unloaded at its destination. (Note: section from about 2:10:25 to 2:11:30 is particularly difficult to understand).

keywords

box car; bunkhouse; Charlie Wilson; contract; ice houses; Larry Warner; loading ice; Olof Hanson; Orville Rosberg; payment; Prince George; train; train car; unloading ice; wages

subjects

employment; ice cutting; Lake Kathlyn; work

Reg talks about working at the Telkwa Coal Mine during the Second World War, as he was unable to join the military due to an ear problem.

keywords

Bulkley Valley Collieries; bunkhouse; Dockrills; employees; miners; mining papers; powder; types of coal; unloading coal; World War II

subjects

coal mining; employment; Telkwa Coal Mine; work

Reg discusses the former town of Hubert, where his father used to rent land while hewing ties.

keywords

bridge; buildings; divisional point; farms; government building; location; population; railway stations; stores; townsite

subjects

Hubert

Reg discusses his 25 years spent working for the school district as a bus driver and maintenance worker. (Note: interview ends suddenly without a proper conclusion).

keywords

bus drivers; bus driving; buses; employees; maintenance work; repair work; repairs

subjects

employment; School District 54; work

Less detail

Interview with [Ben Ridennoure?]

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions12272
Date Range
[1991?]
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Scope and Content
Interview with [Ben Ridennoure?], recorded by a Smithers Alternate School student, likely as part of their 1991 interview series. Includes raw and edited .WAV files and an .MP3 access files.
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.69
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
940 MB of digital records
Date Range
[1991?]
Scope and Content
Interview with [Ben Ridennoure?], recorded by a Smithers Alternate School student, likely as part of their 1991 interview series. Includes raw and edited .WAV files and an .MP3 access files.
Notes
The interviewee is never identified at any point in the interview. File previously labelled as "Curtis Riding," but no record of any person by this name could be found. In January 2022 it was determined that the interviewee is likely Ben Ridennoure due to similarities in profession and life story (owner of Copper River Ranch, history of trail riding, familiarity with specific horse breeds, etc.). "Curtis Riding" may instead refer to the name of the interviewer and the subject of discussion.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

Ridennoure discusses giving summer trail rides at Copper River Ranch. (Note: recording seems to begin mid-interview without a proper introduction).

keywords

Copper River Ranch; Norwegian fjord horses; wildlife

subjects

horse riding; horseback riding; trail rides; trail riding

Ridennoure recommends that individual riders be at least 12 years old, and discusses options for younger children on his trail rides (ex. sharing a horse with their parents).

keywords

children; ponies

subjects

horse riding; horseback riding; trail rides; trail riding

Ridennoure discusses the possibility of taking guests on sleigh rides and why he doesn't do it.

keywords

subjects

sleigh rides

Ridennoure answers how many horses he owns and where they are kept.

keywords

McDonell Lake

subjects

horseback riding; horses

Ridennoure discusses which gaits (walking, trotting, galloping) are used most often on his trail rides.

keywords

galloping; trotting; walking

subjects

horse gaits; horseback riding; riding; trail rides; trail riding

Ridennoure explains how he advertises Copper River Ranch to the public.

keywords

Chamber of Commerce; Northwest Travel Bureau

subjects

advertisements; advertising; publicity

Ridennoure states that he takes riders of all skill levels on his trail rides, and explains the ideal size of a riding group.

keywords

subjects

horseback riding; riding; trail rides; trail riding

[Ridennoure] states his favourite breeds of horse, explains why he got into the equestrian business, and describes his favourite type of riding trail.

keywords

Copper River Ranch; Norwegian fjord horses; Quarter horses

subjects

horses; riding; riding trails; trails

Ridennoure discusses what time of year people visit the Ranch most often, how long they tend to stay, and what activities they do there.

keywords

guests; long weekends; outdoor activities; tourism; vacation

subjects

Copper River Ranch

[Ridennoure] explains why he enjoys horseback riding so much and has had such a positive experience with it. (Note: interview ends without a formal conclusion).

keywords

companionship; insurance; liabilities; relaxation

subjects

horseback riding; riding

Less detail

Interview with Mel Raymond

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions12291
Date Range
February 7, 1995
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Scope and Content
Interview with Mel Raymond, recorded on February 7th 1995 by Carly Blair for the Bulkley Valley Museum. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, .MP3 access files, and a .jpg release form.
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Creator
Carly Blair
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.68
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
923 MB of digital records
Date Range
February 7, 1995
Scope and Content
Interview with Mel Raymond, recorded on February 7th 1995 by Carly Blair for the Bulkley Valley Museum. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, .MP3 access files, and a .jpg release form.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

Mel Raymond discusses his early life, education, and employment in Smithers, including how he came to own Mel's Hardware.

keywords

Bill Raymond; children; Eby's Hardware; Elaine Foster; Great Depression; hardware store; hospital; Joyce Raymond; Mel's Hardware; Michigan; mining; mining claims; Pete Bergen; Pete Eby; post-secondary education; railway passes

subjects

childhood; education; employment; jobs; marriage; school

Raymond discusses the few trips outside of Smithers that he has taken in his life, including a post-retirement cruise to the Caribbean with his wife.

keywords

Bill Raymond; Caribbean; cruise; freighter; Michigan; Toronto

subjects

travel; travelling; vacation

Raymond discusses sports he was involved in as a child, and how an injury forced him to give up these activities.

keywords

baseball; Fall Fair; hockey; horse races; injury

subjects

athletics; horse riding; horseback riding; pony riding; recreation; sports

Raymond discusses which schools he went to as a child.

keywords

subjects

education; high school; Smithers Public School; Vernon Crockett

Raymond discusses his children, grandchildren, and great-grandchildren.

keywords

subjects

children; family; grandchildren; great-grandchildren

Raymond discusses his school days in Smithers, including the use of corporal punishment on students.

keywords

class sizes; grades; Miss Lauder; punishment; spelling bee

subjects

education; teachers; teaching

Raymond discusses where in Smithers he lived as a child, how many siblings he had, and the house & neighborhood he grew up in. He identifies various other families who lived on his street (identified first as Broadway and then as Alfred). Note: interview stops and re-starts around 11:00; this was left in to explain the abrupt change in topic.

keywords

Alfred Avenue; Broadway Avenue; Elks Dinner; houses; log house; siblings; Wilf Watson

subjects

childhood; children; family; neighbourhood

Raymond discusses a new book written by Wilf Watson about the families in the surrounding district.

keywords

subjects

books; Wilf Watson; writing

Raymond discusses hunting for moose and deer in his youth and explains how meat and other food was preserved.

keywords

canning; deer hunting; fruit; moose hunting

subjects

food preservation; hunting

Raymond discusses various topics related to his childhood: whether or not kids got into arguments; neighborhood skating rink; how the CNR supplied water to the rink; his interests and activities as a child.

keywords

arguments; baseball; Bigelow Lake; Canadian National Railways; fishing; lake; mining claims; park; skating; trains; water supply

subjects

childhood; leisure; recreation; skating rink

Raymond estimates how big Smithers was during his childhood and remarks on its steady growth rate.

keywords

businesses; Duthie Mine; economy; employers; growth rate; housing; payroll; Silver King Division

subjects

development; population; Smithers; town growth

Raymond describes running Mel's Hardware store over the course of three decades.

keywords

building homes; Leach Bros; mail orders; money

subjects

hardware business; Mel's Hardware; work

Raymond discusses the Bulkley Valley District Hospital, its debt problems at the time of the interview, and the quality of life of vegetative patients.

keywords

Bulkley Lodge; debt; doctors; funding; grants; health care system; maternity ward; operations; quality of life

subjects

Bulkley Valley District Hospital; health care; hospital

Raymond and his wife were married on the eve of the Second World War. He discusses how many of his friends enlisted and went overseas, but he was unable to due to a knee injury.

keywords

Elaine Raymond; injury; nursing; veterans

subjects

marriage; World War II

Raymond describes his activities after selling the Hardware Store, such as vacationing with his wife, building townhouses, and working at a liquor store. (Note: interview ends abruptly without proper conclusion).

keywords

Babine Lake; Bill Raymond; business trips; Caribbean; liquor store; Mexico; New Zealand; Panama Canal; Toronto; townhouses; West Coast

subjects

retirement; travel; travelling; vacation

Less detail

Interview with Angelika and Peter Langen

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions11947
Date Range
January 25 2021
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
textual record
Scope and Content
Interview with Angelika and Peter Langen, founders of the Northern Lights Wildlife Shelter. Recorded January 25 2021 at the Old Church in Smithers by Cassandra McKenney, BVM oral history intern. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, MP3 access file, PDF bibliographic form, photo from day of interview…
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
textual record
Creator
Cassandra McKenney
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.9
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
2.63 GB of digital records
Date Range
January 25 2021
Scope and Content
Interview with Angelika and Peter Langen, founders of the Northern Lights Wildlife Shelter. Recorded January 25 2021 at the Old Church in Smithers by Cassandra McKenney, BVM oral history intern. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, MP3 access file, PDF bibliographic form, photo from day of interview, PDF and .docx copies of question prep, and .csv file of subject indexing.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

The life of Peter that lead to a love of animals and working in the zoo, had to pick a profession after leaving a German refugee camp around 1959.

keywords

animals; apprenticeship; exam; Germany; refugee camp; zoo

subjects

German refugee; zoo

Wanted to be a horse trainer but failed to meet the requirements so went in to become a zoo keeper instead.

keywords

birds; hobby; horse trainer; owl

subjects

profession; zoo

Wanted to immigrate in the 70's to build a guest ranch but failed due to recession.

keywords

guest ranch; immigration; recession; Smithers

subjects

immigration; land

First thoughts of Smithers and what it was like.

keywords

beautiful; British Columbia; connections; kind; land; pregnant; Smithers

subjects

Smithers

Learning a third language quickly in Smithers.

keywords

English; German; reading; Russian; writing

subjects

English; language

Jobs were hard to find; they worked odd jobs at local shops.

keywords

Aspen; chimney; contracting; cook; houses; jobs; mother; Smitthers; town sign; waitress

subjects

employment; jobs; occupations

Horses were very important so they joined the Saddle Club and then gave guided tours

keywords

business; Fall Fair; guides; horses; license; president; rescue; Saddle Club; trail rides

subjects

business start-up; horseback riding; Saddle Club

Why they thought that Smithers was in need of a shelter.

keywords

animal shelter; isolation; knowledge; local; moose; permits; PETA; pets; provincial; rescue; wildlife

subjects

animal rescue; wildlife shelter

Conference in the States where they could learn how to take care of wild animals including their special needs.

keywords

bear; deer; experts; links; manuals; moose; National Wildlife Rehabilitation Association; shelter; U.S.A.; worldwide

subjects

animal rescue; conference; rehabilitation

Experts would come to them for help, like how to avoid so many car crashes in the summer.

keywords

car accidents; car crash; CN; Greece; ICBC; kids' camp; moose; research; Romania; summer camp; sun bear; Teflon; vehicle accidents; Vietnam

subjects

animal rescue; research

Offering training programs for students and those doing research.

keywords

bears; defense; handlers; release programs; science; students; teaching; thesis; training; volunteer; wildlife

subjects

rehabilitation; training

How the animal-rescuing process takes place at the shelter.

keywords

Bandstra; BCAA; bear; Bella Coola; Chain of Love; conservation officer; grizzly; Highway Angels; volunteers

subjects

animals; transport

How the shelter receives its funding.

keywords

charity status; donations; ethics; Facebook; hospital; Purolator; riding tour; trail guide; waitress

subjects

funding; promotion; self-funding

The start up of the shelter and how its been changing over the years, as well as how they gained respect from others.

keywords

animals; buildings; celebration; Covid-19; help; machinery; Northern Lights; wildlife

subjects

change over time

Raising a family and upkeeping the shelter.

keywords

children; doctors; family; immigration; pregnancy; shelter; vacation

subjects

family; shelter

Saving animals that would have otherwise been put down.

keywords

cougar; funding

subjects

animal rescue

Cementing public interest in the shelter, once a year.

keywords

community; education; funding; lynx; open house

subjects

public interest; schools

Favorite story of healing a moose.

keywords

bear; healing; knowledge; Mexico; moose; SPCA

subjects

healing; story

Starting up a documentary that lasted three years with 36 episodes.

keywords

animals; CTV; documentary; Fall Fair; Greenpeace; habituated; provisions; reality show; soil; television; TV show

subjects

documentary

Smithers businesses that help out the animal shelter.

keywords

Bakery; Bandstra; birthday; Bulkley Valley Wholesale; conservation; cupcakes; Feed Store; First Nations; fundraiser; Mills; Paul's Bakery; Pet Hospital; Safeway; Smithers Lumber Yard; vegetables

subjects

businesses

The plans for retirement and for the future and a thanks to those who helped them

keywords

donor; proposals; stories; trail rides; weddings; writing

subjects

future; past; retirement

What the couple did in their off time

keywords

convinces; New Orleans; photography; reading; showing; traveling; Virginia

subjects

hobbies

How Smithers has changed in a popular way for tourism.

keywords

change; commercial; family; home; positive; proud; special; tourism

subjects

Smithers; tourism

Less detail

Interviews with Al Fletcher

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions12245
Date Range
[August-September] 1996
July 10 1997
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Scope and Content
Two interviews with Allen 'Al' Fletcher. One was recorded around August/September 1996 by Carol Morgenthaler as part of a BVLD radio show ("Our Heritage"). The other was recorded on July 10th 1997 by Misty Jorgen of the Bulkley Valley Museum. Includes raw and edited .WAV files and MP3 access files.
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Creator
Carol Morgenthaler;
Misty Jorgen
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.38
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
1.12 GB of digital records
Date Range
[August-September] 1996
July 10 1997
History / Biographical
Allen ‘Al’ Fletcher (1918-2004) was born in Hazelton to Eli and Laura Fletcher. As a youth in the 1930s and 40s, he was one of the last people to work on the pack trains in the Bulkley Valley. He also acted as a horse-logger, guide-outfitter, and predator control officer for the Fish and Wildlife Branch. In 1949 he shot a record-breaking mountain goat for an American tourist, an event which is commemorated by the mountain goat statue at the intersection of Highway 16 and Main Street in Smithers.
Scope and Content
Two interviews with Allen 'Al' Fletcher. One was recorded around August/September 1996 by Carol Morgenthaler as part of a BVLD radio show ("Our Heritage"). The other was recorded on July 10th 1997 by Misty Jorgen of the Bulkley Valley Museum. Includes raw and edited .WAV files and MP3 access files.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

First BVLD radio interview with Al Fletcher, after whom the Fletcher-Gardiner trail in the Babine Mountains was partially named. The trail was initially cleared by Fletcher's father Eli and later extended by Lefty Gardiner. Fletcher discusses how he guided pack trains and big game hunters (including an American who shot a record-breaking mountain goat) along this route for years. He expresses his displeasure that horses are now banned from the trail.

keywords

Babine Mountains; BC Parks; big game hunting; Eli Fletcher; Grassy Mountain; guide-outfitting; horseback riding; Lefty Gardiner; mountain goat hunting; pack trains; prospecting; Sunny Point; timber; Two Bridge Lake; world record goat

subjects

Fletcher-Gardiner trail

The song

keywords

subjects

country music; Edison Fletcher; music; song

Second BVLD radio interview with Al Fletcher. He recounts leading pack trains along the trail through harsh weather conditions, including one instance where he spent 65 days carrying diamond drill equipment for a mining operation.

keywords

Art Cope; Canyon Creek; Cronin Mine; diamond drilling; Highland Basin; Little Joe Lakes; mining claims; pack horses; park warden; prospecting; Silver King Basin; Victoria Basin; weather conditions

subjects

Fletcher-Gardiner trail; pack trains

Third and final BVLD interview with Al Fletcher. He recounts how he started out in the packing business, first working for Ben Nelson as a teenager before starting his own operation. Also discusses the difficulty of loading packs, the ideal pack horse, and how the horses are trained.

keywords

Ben Nelson; Driftwood Creek; horse training; pack horses

subjects

horses; pack trains; packing

Interview begins with a brief discussion of Al's father, Eli Fletcher, and his arrival in the Bulkley Valley in the early 1900s. The topic then switches to Al's job horse logging for the many small sawmills in the area, and a comparison between old and new forestry methods in terms of environmental impact.

keywords

1947 Pontiac Coupe; Eli Fletcher; environmental impact; layoffs; logging practices; logging regulations; lumber prices; Repap; shutdowns; Simon Gunanoot

subjects

forestry; horse logging; sawmills

Al Fletcher describes his work on pack trains in the 1930s and 40s, primarily in the Babine Mountains. He was one of the last people in the Bulkley Valley to work in the packing business. Also some discussion of the earlier history of packing and pack trails in the area.

keywords

Babine Mountains; Ben Nelson; Cataline; Duthie Mine; George Beirnes; government survey; Hazelton; horses; McDonnell Lake; Messners; morse code; pack horses; pack trails; prospectors; Silver King Basin; summer; telegraph cabins; Telegraph Trail; Wrinch Memorial Hospital

subjects

Babine Mountains; pack trains; packing

Fletcher discusses the Fletcher-Gardiner trail in the Babine Mountains, which was cut by his father, Eli, and later named after himself and Lefty Gardiner. He was appointed honorary park ranger after protesting the exclusion of horses from this trail.

keywords

Babine Mountains; Billy Gardiner; Eli Fletcher; honorary park ranger; Lefty Gardiner; Sunny Point; Two Bridge Lake

subjects

Fletcher-Gardiner trail; horseback riding; horses

The story of how Fletcher guided the man who shot the largest mountain goat on record for 50 years. A statue of the goat was later erected in Smithers.

keywords

1949; Ernest Hasse; miniature statues

subjects

big game hunting; goat statue; guide-outfitter; guide-outfitting; hunting; mountain goat; world record

After guiding for several years, Fletcher was approached to serve as a predator control officer for the Fish and Wildlife Branch. He served in this role for 16 years, helping control the numbers of wolves and bears in order to protect livestock and increase prey populations. Fletcher mentions several close calls during his experiences and recounts the hospitality and friendliness of people he met through the job.

keywords

Alberta wolves; bounties; bounty system; game warden; Kispiox Valley; snowstorms; weather conditions; wolf bounties

subjects

bear hunting; conservation; Fish and Wildlife; predator control officer; wolf hunting

In a continuation of the previous section, Fletcher expands upon his thoughts regarding animal conservation and predator control, as well as the opposition he has faced due to his job. Note: interview ends abruptly without a proper conclusion.

keywords

caribou count; feeding wildlife; moose count; Telkwa Mountains; Terrace; wildlife relocation

subjects

bears; caribou; conservation; population control; predator control; wildlife; wolves

Less detail

Interview with Jim Goodacre

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions12247
Date Range
April 23 1991
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Scope and Content
Interview with Jim Goodacre, recorded on April 23rd 1991 by Smithers Alternate School student Curtis Barger. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, a MP3 access file, and a .jpg release form.
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Creator
Curtis Barger
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.40
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
1.36 GB of digital records
Date Range
April 23 1991
History / Biographical
James ‘Jim’ Goodacre (1925-2010) was born in Telkwa to Clarence and Winnie Goodacre; he moved to Smithers with his family in 1927. Jim served in the Royal Canadian Air Force during the Second World War and afterwards joined his father and brother in running the family grocery store, Goodacre’s. He married Margaret Dunn in 1949 and had five children: John, Bill, Mary, Patti, and Donald.
Scope and Content
Interview with Jim Goodacre, recorded on April 23rd 1991 by Smithers Alternate School student Curtis Barger. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, a MP3 access file, and a .jpg release form.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

Jim Goodacre begins the interview by recounting his school days, in particular how his high school graduating class had only 3 students due to so many joining the war effort.

keywords

air force; corporal punishment; discipline; graduation; Harry Kenney; principal; Vernon Crockett; war conditions; work

subjects

education; high school; school; war effort; World War II

Goodacre recounts his experiences in the Air Force during World War II, as well as the presence of military personnel, aircraft, and airstrips in the Bulkley Valley.

keywords

airports; Aleutian Islands; army; army training; Duthie Mine Road; Fred Riffel; highway; Olaf Hanson; pilot training; planes; Summerside, Prince Edward Island; Tatlow Road airstrip; Telkwa airstrip; Town Hall; VE Day

subjects

air force; military; World War II

Goodacre discusses working at the family's store, which was founded in 1937 and later became a Super Valu.

keywords

bartering; credit; Cyril Mehaffey; farmers; Fred Watson; Jean Mehaffey; Super Valu; unpaid work

subjects

business; Clarence Goodacre Sr.; Goodacre's Store

Goodacre discusses the rise and fall of Aldermere, to which his father (Clarence Goodacre Sr.), grandmother (Mrs. Robert Burns), and great-grandfather (R.J. 'Black Jack' McDonell) had come in the early 1900s. He also mentions how many residents of Telkwa gravitated towards Smithers as the town grew in size and stature.

keywords

Black Jack McDonell; Clarence Goodacre Sr.; hotels; Hudston Bay Ranch; Mrs. Robert Burns; Port Essington; R.J. McDonell; railroad; riverboat

subjects

Aldermere; family history; Telkwa

Goodacre discusses growing up in Smithers during the 1920s and 30s, including what amenities were available, what was done for recreation, and what modes of transportation were used in the area. He also mentions his family's early days in northern BC and where they originally came from (segment starts around 19:27).

keywords

alderman; baseball; Black Jack McDonell; cars; Clarence Goodacre Sr.; Fort George; Hazelton; heater; hockey; hotels; livery barn; Mr. Jones; Nottingham, England; principal; R.J. McDonell; skating; skating rink; skiing; Smithers Public School; stagecoaches; steamboats; taxis; tent town; train; Victoria; water pump

subjects

amenities; childhood; family history; recreation; school; Smithers; sports; transportation

Goodacre discusses housing prices and construction, the family home, the struggles of building a town on a swamp, the general layout of Main Street and Railway Avenue, the maintenance and eventual filling of the Main Street ditches, and how poor road conditions made it difficult to deliver groceries from his family's store. He also explains how his brother 'Slim' received his nickname.

keywords

basements; Bigelow Creek; boardwalks; building foundations; Chicken Creek; Clarence 'Slim' Goodacre; corduroy road; deliveries; drainage; family home; Goodacre's Store; housing prices; piles; piling; Railway Avenue; road collapse; road conditions; sidewalks; Sorento Motel; swamp

subjects

buildings; construction; houses; infrastructure; Main Street; Main Street ditch; Smithers

A brief story on how Jim Goodacre received his driver's license at the age of fifteen.

keywords

Charlie Wilson; Constable Grant; ice cutting; ice harvesting; ice houses; Lake Kathlyn

subjects

driver's license; driver's test; driving license; driving test

Continuing on from the driver's license story, Jim Goodacre discusses elements of winter in Smithers, including as ice cutting at Lake Kathlyn and sports such as skiing and skating. He also mentions how he collected beer bottles in order to save up money for a bicycle.

keywords

BC Ski Jumping Championships; beer bottles; bicycle; Bigelow Lake; biking; Canadian National Railways; canneries; clearing streets; Hudson Bay Mountain; ice saws; ice sculptures; Lake Kathlyn; Prince Rupert; shovelling; skating; ski jumps; skiing; sledding; sleighs; snow chains; snowfall; temperature; Warren's Hill

subjects

ice cutting; ice harvesting; recreation; sports; winter

Goodacre lists other businesses in Smithers during the 1920s-40s, including some of those which burned down in the devastating Main Street fires of 1944 and 1945.

keywords

bakeries; Bill Grant; Chuck Morris; Eby's Hardware; Leach Brothers; Marcella Edmonds; meat markets; Newberry Bakery; Noel's Department Store; Telkwa Hotel; Watson's Store; Wing's Bakery

subjects

buildings; businesses; fires; Main Street; Main Street fires

Goodacre concludes the interview with various additional memories, including: picking up produce/delivering groceries to the farms around Smithers; the brass band he played in; the population of Smithers and nearby towns at the time; farms which were settled after WWI, abandoned during the Depression, and taken up by newcomers after WWII; his maternal grandparents' (McDonald family) farm and house in Telkwa.

keywords

Alex Murray; ball park; bandstand; brass band; Doughty; Helen Murray; heritage house; McDonald house; Telkwa; Tom McDonald; Tyhee Lake; Victory Bond tour

subjects

band; deliveries; farms; McDonald family; memories; population

Less detail

Interviews with John Lapadat

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions12259
Date Range
December 13 1988
October 2003
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Scope and Content
Two interviews with John Lapadat. One was recorded on December 13th 1988 by Ruth Murdoch as part of the "Growing Up in the Bulkley Valley" series. The other was self-recorded by John Lapadat in October 2003. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, .MP3 access files, and a .jpg release form.
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Creator
Ruth Murdoch;
John Lapadat
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.52
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
1.14 GB of digital records
Date Range
December 13 1988
October 2003
History / Biographical
John Lapadat (1926-2004) was born to John and Anna Lapadat, farmers in the Glentanna area. He was involved in many community organizations, including the Smithers Ski Club, of which he was an original founding member. He and his wife Lois had four children: Judith, Lawrence, Ron, and Tony.
Scope and Content
Two interviews with John Lapadat. One was recorded on December 13th 1988 by Ruth Murdoch as part of the "Growing Up in the Bulkley Valley" series. The other was self-recorded by John Lapadat in October 2003. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, .MP3 access files, and a .jpg release form.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

John Lapadat introduces himself and describes the Glentanna farm on which he grew up, some of the chores that were performed, and a few incidents such as being burned by a cookstove and dealing with bed bugs.

keywords

1920s; Anna Lapadat; bathing; bedbugs; bricklayer; carrying water; cows; farm animals; Grand Trunk Pacific Railway; injury; John Lapadat Sr.; knitting; livestock; log house; McClary wood stove; pigs; roundhouse; shearing sheep; sheep; siblings; ticks; veterinarian; Victoria

subjects

birth; childhood; chores; farm; farmhouse; home; house

Lapadat describes a number of contributions his family made to the Glentanna School: they donated the land on which it stood, his mother served on the school board, his attendance allowed the school to receive provincial funding, and as a young boy he worked as the school janitor.

keywords

chores; cleaning; donating land; provincial funding; raise; school board; wages

subjects

duties; Glentanna School; janitor; responsibilities; school

Lapadat describes the work that he and his family did on the farm, including looking after the livestock, breeding and training racehorses, delivering produce to Smithers, and raising hogs for the government during the Great Depression.

keywords

agriculture; Burns & Company; butchering; butter; chickens; cream; crops; delivering goods; Great Depression; horse races; milking cows; mixed farming; prices; racehorses; smokehouse; trading; vegetables; Watson's Store

subjects

chores; farm work; farming; livestock; produce; raising pigs

Lapadat discusses special places where he liked to play as a child, and what games and sports he occupied his free time with.

keywords

Bennett buggies; buried treasure; Christmas concerts; Columbia Street; Driftwood School; gardening; Glacier House; Glacier Roadhouse; Glentanna School; horse racing; horse training; horseback riding; Hungry Hill; hunting; Olive Evan; roadhouse; ski jump; sleigh rides; softball; tent; transportation systems; weeding

subjects

favourite places; games; locations; playing; recreation; sports

Lapadat discusses his school days, including the harsh treatment of his sister for being left-handed, the ways in which teachers tried (and failed) to maintain discipline, the chores performed by students, and the annual Christmas concerts.

keywords

31 Model B Ford; car; carrying water; corporal punishment; Della Herman; ghost stories; horse barn; left-handedness; Mackenzies; MacLean Method; Mary Simpson; misbehaviour; Mrs. Chapman; repeating grades; Santa Claus; singing; skipping grades; song; stage; stockings; trauma

subjects

chores; Christmas concerts; discipline; Glentanna School; grades; lunch; school; teachers

Lapadat talks about what means of transportation were used to get to and from town, as well as the usual reason for making these trips.

keywords

automobiles; Buick; cars; Chrysler; hauling wood; Model T truck; sleighs; wagons

subjects

Smithers; transportation; vehicles

Lapadat returns to the subject of Christmas, discussing how the family would often share the holiday meal with itinerant workers during the Depression.

keywords

cooking; food; geese; goose; turkeys

subjects

Christmas; Christmas dinner; Great Depression; meals; workers

Lapadat discusses the dances that were held at Glentanna School. He also mentions how his father was forced to sell the family farm during the Depression.

keywords

desks; Louise Gilbert; music; musicians; Oscar Engman; Ralph Dieter; schoolhouse

subjects

dances; dancing; Great Depression; social events

Lapadat concludes with two brief stories: one about a meteorite crash that occurred while the family was returning from Smithers, and one about the reading material available to him as a student.

keywords

animal euthanasia; Mr. Griffin; National Geographics; retired professor

subjects

accident; books; education; horse; meteor; meteorite; reading; resource materials

John Lapadat recounts some of his memories of Hudson Bay Mountain, including the first annual ski championship he remembers watching, a youth ski camping expedition which became stranded in low visibility conditions, and the time his son Ron was caught in an avalanche.

keywords

'Sleeping Beauty'; avalanche; Chris Dahlie; hauling snow; Hudson Bay Mountain glacier; low visibility conditions; Nancy Greene league; Ron Lapadat; shelter; Simpson's Gulch; ski jumping; Smithers Ski Club; the Prairie; Tony Lapadat; youth

subjects

annual ski championship; avalanche; Hudson Bay Mountain; recreation; ski camping trip; ski tournaments; skiing; sports; stories

Lapadat discusses how the Smithers Ski Club developed the ski hill on Hudson Bay Mountain and gave ski lessons to revive its declining membership.

keywords

Canadian Ski Alliance; Chris Dahlie; Daryl Van Tine; Duthie Mine Road; Everett Person; fire protection road; first tournament; Jorgen Dahlie; Prince George; Ross Phillips; ski accident; ski cabins; ski tow; the Prairie; Town of Smithers; Warren Hill; water reservoir; Zobnick Road ski area

subjects

Hudson Bay Mountain; instructor's courses; membership; ski hill; ski lessons; skiing; Smithers Ski Club

Lapadat concludes with the story of his unsuccessful attempt to hike the highest peak of Hudson Bay Mountain with a jar of ashes from Mount St. Helens.

keywords

hypothermia; Lois Lapadat; Oscar; peppermint schnapps; Swiss Club

subjects

eruption of Mount St. Helens; highest peak; hiking; Hudson Bay Mountain

Less detail

Interview with Hans Tugnum

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions12511
Date Range
January 6, 2022
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Scope and Content
Interview with Hans Tugnum, recorded by Sonja Lester for the Bulkley Valley Museum on January 2nd 2022 as part of the New Horizons for Seniors oral history project. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, .MP3 access files, and a .pdf release form.
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Creator
Sonja Lester
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.87
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
1.40 GB digital records
Date Range
January 6, 2022
History / Biographical
Hans Tugnum emigrated from Switzerland to Canada with his family in 1936 and settled on a farm in Glentanna. His interview primarily concerns 'old timers' of the Valley and events that took place in the decades before he arrived in British Columbia
Scope and Content
Interview with Hans Tugnum, recorded by Sonja Lester for the Bulkley Valley Museum on January 2nd 2022 as part of the New Horizons for Seniors oral history project. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, .MP3 access files, and a .pdf release form.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

Tugnum recounts how he and his family emigrated from Switzerland to Canada in 1936, lived in Prince George and Smithers for brief periods, and eventually settled on a farm in Glentanna.

keywords

Conrad Tugnum; Prince George; Switzerland

subjects

farming; Glentanna; immigration; moving; Smithers

Tugnum discusses his education in a one-room schoolhouse at Glentanna.

keywords

childhood; Della Carpenter; Della Herman; Driftwood-Glentanna border; Florence Lundstrom; friends; teachers; transportation

subjects

education; Glentanna School; school

Tugnum briefly describes moving to the Driftwood area (as an adult), where he purchased property and worked in the logging industry. He also talks about snowmobiling to Babine Lake with his friends.

keywords

Babine Lake; Bev Brinkhurst; buying land; John Schroeder; outdoor recreation; Ron Gilbert

subjects

Driftwood; logging; snowmobiling; work

Tugnum discusses an unsuccessful gold rush which brought many old-timers to the China Nose area (near Houston) in the early 1900s. He gives various stories as to how the mountain may have received its name.

keywords

Bill Wilson; Charlie Sieh; early 1900s; Ed Wilson; etymology; history; Joe Griffin; prospecting; surveying; Wilson brothers

subjects

China Knows Mountain; China Nose Mountain; gold rush

Tugnum discusses, and identifies the sites of, various early trails, bridges, roadhouses, and ranches in the Bulkley Valley.

keywords

Bulkley River; Chicken Creek; Danny Moore; Driftwood Creek; etymology; Glacier House; Glentanna; Harry Zogoff; Hudson Bay Mountain; Hudson Bay Ranch; Hudson's Bay Company; Naegli property; rose bush; telegraph trail; Telkwa High Road

subjects

bridges; history; infrastructure; ranches; river crossings; roadhouses; roads; trails

Tugnum discusses Glentanna farmer Charlie Newitt, who fought in the Northwest Rebellion of 1885 and was later killed by a bull.

keywords

death; Glentanna; Mounties

subjects

Charlie Newitt; North-West Rebellion; Riel Rebellion

Discussion of roadhouses, including the Glacier House and the building which the Tugnum family used to live in. (Note: the Glacier House was built by George Duhamel around 1905-06 and burned sometime between the mid-1920s and mid-1930s.)

keywords

Danny Moore; Flint farm; Stanfield Flint

subjects

Glacier House; roadhouses

Tugnum recalls his family's involvement in local social events, such as the Fall Fair and Stampedes, during his childhood (1930s-40s).

keywords

cattle; Oultons; Tugnums

subjects

community events; Fall Fair; social events

Tugnum recounts stories of prospecting and exploration in the Babine Mountains, including the establishment of Cronin Mine and the naming of Chapman Lake. Also some discussion of Peavine Harvey and how he got his nickname.

keywords

C.G. Harvey; Chapman farm; Charles Chapman; Charlie Chapman; Cronin farm; Cronin Mine; Indigenous trails; James Cronin; Katie Chapman; Mount Harvey; Peavine Harvey; trails

subjects

Babine Mountains; exploration; history; prospecting

Tugnum reminisces about several 'old timers' from the Bulkley Valley, including Joe Griffin (the 'bee man'), Bill 'Scotty' Warren, George Sharpe, John O'Hearn, and Guy Farrow.

keywords

bees; Bill 'Scotty' Warren; farms; George Sharpe; Guy Farrow; Joe Griffin; John O'Hearn; Snake Hill; Telkwa

subjects

history; old-timers; pioneers; settlers

Tugnum recalls Gertie Gunderson Douglas and discusses the history of her property (the barn was later renovated into a farmhouse owned by Lamont 'Monty' Bassett. This is also the property which later became known as Hat Rack Ranch).

keywords

'Gertie's place'; Bill Wilson; Gunderson barn; Lamont Bassett; Monty Bassett; Quentin Robbins

subjects

Gertie Gunderson Douglas; Gunderson property

Further discussion of 'old timers' and other longtime residents of the Bulkley Valley, such as Bill Bourgon (?), Fortunat L'Orsa, and Abraham Nikal.

keywords

alcoholism; Babine Mountains; death; home brew; Indigenous labour; Indigenous people; lead poisoning

subjects

Abraham Nikal; Bill Bourgon; Fortunat L'Orsa; L'Orsa family

Tugnum discusses post-war developments in the Glentanna/Driftwood area, such as the extension of hydro lines and a government land-clearing project. He also mentions the arrival of the telephone before World War II.

keywords

BC Tel; Driftwood; Glentanna; Katie Chapman; Margaret Tugnum; post-War era

subjects

clearing land; hydro lines; land-clearing; telephone office; telephones

Tugnum recalls the names of some early Bulkley Valley settlers.

keywords

Glentanna; Joe Griffin; Snake Road; suicide

subjects

George Mandreshora; John Backlund; old-timers; Walter Fay

Tugnum discusses the poor condition of roads in the early days. He also mentions how the former Bulkley Bridge was destroyed by ice (in 1966, not 1964 as he states).

keywords

Bulkley Bridge; public works; telegraph trail; Telkwa High Road; transportation

subjects

bridges; infrastructure; road conditions; roads

Tugnum discusses Bill Morris, who took over the Sealy (Seely/Seeley/Sealey/etc.) Ranch and raised cattle there. He also mentions other residents of, and roadways in, the Sealy Corners area.

keywords

Bill Curtain; cabin; Carr ranch; cattle range; Charlie Morris; Chuck Morris; farmland; ranch; range riders; roads; tie-cutting; Two-Bridge Creek

subjects

Bill Morris; Sealy Corner; Sealy ranch

General discussion of the Experimental Farm and its functions.

keywords

agriculture; District Agriculturalist

subjects

Dominion Experimental Farm

Vague recollections of the Flint/Mortenson (Mortensen) families. (Note: based on Interior News records, Stan Flint was not Louise Flint's father, but her father-in-law (through her husband Bill). Her father was Carl Mortensen/Mortenson, a member of the Smithers Farmers' Institute and the regional director of the Bulkley-Nechako Regional District.)

keywords

Bill Flint; Carl Mortensen; Carl Mortenson; Louise Flint; Stan Flint

subjects

Flint; Mortensen; Mortenson

Brief, general discussion about how settlers (including Tugnum's father) were attracted to Smithers by advertising campaigns and promises of free land.

keywords

advertisements; Conrad Tugnum; free land; Harry Bowman

subjects

settlement; settlers; Smithers

Tugnum recounts how his father and Ray Oulton founded the Bulkley Valley Credit Union.

keywords

banking; Conrad Tugnum; Credit Unions; locations; Ray Oulton; Royal Bank; Walter Boissevain

subjects

Bulkley Valley Credit Union; BVCU

Tugnum concludes with his thoughts on the Bulkley Valley and the history of clearing land for farming.

keywords

burning land; elk

subjects

Bulkley Valley; clearing land; land clearing

Less detail

Seniors' Talk audio interview series

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions12293
Date Range
[1987?]
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Scope and Content
Oral history series conducted by Carol Morgenthaler of BVLD Radio with seniors from the Bulkley Valley and surrounding region, circa 1987. Consists of two audio recordings, each containing multiple short (~4-5 min) interviews. Includes raw and edited .WAV files and .MP3 access files.
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Creator
Carol Morgenthaler
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.72
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
3.46 GB of digital records
Date Range
[1987?]
Scope and Content
Oral history series conducted by Carol Morgenthaler of BVLD Radio with seniors from the Bulkley Valley and surrounding region, circa 1987. Consists of two audio recordings, each containing multiple short (~4-5 min) interviews. Includes raw and edited .WAV files and .MP3 access files.
Notes
Part I includes interviews with: Margaret Long, Lois Campbell, Dick Mosdell, Hugh Neave, Phyllis Matthams, Fran Bonneville, Beth David, Lulu Beaver, Henry Groulx, Jean Kilpatrick (twice), Nancy Vlaar, Dewey Cummins, and Fred Sterns. Part II includes interviews with: Jean Kilpatrick, Vern Hoff and Phil Leroux, Jim Mahoney, Ivy Strimbold, Ella Glans, Phyllis Davidson, Dorothy Adamson, Eleanor Anderson, Bunny Funk, and Winnie and Clary Goodacre.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

Interview with Margaret Long (nee Seely), who taught school in Palling during the first half of the 1940s. (Note: introduction has been cut off).

keywords

Burns Lake; camraderie; country school; fire; piano lessons; piano teacher; retirement

subjects

Palling; schools; teachers; teaching

Interview with Lois Campbell (nee Munger), a long-time resident of the Bulkley Valley. She recounts her memories of growing up in Telkwa and Houston in the 1920s.

keywords

coal; farming; Fort Fraser; guide; industries; Jack McNeill; Ladies' Auxiliary to the Royal Canadian Legion; mines; packer; Roy Munger; Sargent's Store; sawmills; school; Senior Citizens' Association; Summit Lake Road; tie-hauling; tie-making; Walcott; Wallace house; Women's Institute; World War I

subjects

Houston; Telkwa

Interview with Dick Mosdell, a former sailor from the Maritimes who later moved to Kitimat and retired near Smithers.

keywords

Aluminum Company of Canada; bowling; church choir; concert; education; fishing; gardening; Halifax; Kitimat; livestock; machinist; Newfoundland; repair ship; Senior Citizens' Association; Seymour Lake; singing; telegraph cables; Vancouver; Western Union Telegraph Company

subjects

activities; hobbies; retirement; sailing; sailor; Smithers

Interview with Hugh Neave, who came to the Francois Lake area from Saskatchewan with his family after the Depression.

keywords

Andy Anderson; Burns Lake; Farmer's Institute; ferry; Francois Lake store; Fred Knowles; hardships; Lee Cooper; Marilla; post office; Saskatchewan; school; typhoid; Verne Taylor

subjects

Francois Lake; Great Depression; Hansons; Lakes District; moving; Ootsa Lake

Interview with Smithers resident Phyllis Matthams about the development of Hazelton over the past 30 years.

keywords

'Ksan; arena; Birch Grove; campgrounds; college; French immersion; graduation; heritage designation; high school; hospital; John Field Elementary School; motel; motorboating; playground; post-secondary education; RCMP building; restaurant; road conditions; Skeena River; sternwheelers; Wiggins Way

subjects

education; entertainment; Hazelton; recreation; school; town development

Interview with Fran Bonneville, a former Hazelton schoolteacher.

keywords

bingoes; Cancer Society; Catholic Women's League; Chinese cafe; exercise; kindergarten; McDonald's Store; RCMP building; Senior Citizens' Association; St. Mary's School; TOPS

subjects

Hazelton; hobbies; New Hazelton; retirement; teaching; town development

Interview with Beth David, whose husband Tom ran the Bell Pole Company yard in Hazelton. (Note: interview contains objectionable viewpoints towards Indigenous people).

keywords

Bulkley Canyon; cutting poles; history; horse-logging; lumber; paving; pole yard; pulp mills; road conditions; roads; Senior Citizens' Councillor; telephone poles; timber

subjects

Bell Pole Company; Hazelton; Tom David

Interview with Lulu Beaver (nee Morgan), a longtime resident of the Lakes District. Her parents and uncle were early settlers in the region.

keywords

Bennetts; education; farmers; farming; Great Depression; Hazelton-Bella Coola trail; hobbies; Jim Morgan; Ootsa Lake; Ootsa Lake flooding; pack train; packer; quilt-making; retirement; rug-making; school; skating; South Bank; Tahtsa Lake

subjects

Harry Morgan; history; Lakes District

Interview with Henry Groulx, a retired miner from Ontario who moved to Granisle in 1967.

keywords

back road; development; Granby Mining Co.; Great Depression; mining equipment; Ontario; pulp-cutting; retirement; roads; shaft-sinking; wages

subjects

Granisle; mining

Interview with Jean Kilpatrick (nee Grant) of Smithers. She discusses working for the Union Bank, meeting her husband Norman, his job for the Land Settlement Board, the family's association with the Fall Fair, and why she has stayed in Smithers for so many years.

keywords

dance; exhibition; Land Settlement Board; life memberships; marriage; postmaster; Prince Rupert; World War I

subjects

Allan Kilpatrick; bank teller; community involvement; Fall Fair; Norman Kilpatrick; Union Bank

Interview with Nancy Vlaar, who moved to the Houston area from Holland in 1939.

keywords

buying land; children; clearing land; death; development of Houston; Harry Anderson; road conditions

subjects

Holland; Houston; immigration; work

Interview with Dewey Cummins, a sheep rancher from the Hazelton area.

keywords

bears; cattle; clearing land; coyotes; fishing; horses; sheep; wolves

subjects

Hazelton; retirement; sheep ranching; wildlife; youth development

Interview with Jean Kilpatrick about life in Smithers in the late 1910s and 1920s.

keywords

adding machine; airplane spruce; bands; barbecues; cashing cheques; Charlie Barrett; Cronin Mine; dance hall; excise stamps; Gray's Jewellry; Gray's Orchestra; hockey; Ivy Strimbold; Jim Cronin; mail; money; pool hall; Round Lake picnics; theatre; Union Bank

subjects

banking; community events; entertainment; mines; railroad

Interview with Fred Sterns of Burns Lake, explaining why the highway in that area is crooked. He also discusses his own family's history in Burns Lake. (Note: audio is choppy in some areas).

keywords

Collins Overland Telegraph Line; crown lands; hardware store; Indian reserve; Miss Addleby; railway construction; Royal Bank; school; settlers; swamp; telegraph trail; tent town

subjects

Burns Lake; highway; railroad; transportation history

Interview with Smithers resident Jean Kilpatrick (nee Grant) about coming to Hazelton by riverboat in the early 1910s.

keywords

baseball; bonfires; cargo; dances; dog sled rides; Hazelton; hockey; homes; horseback; houses; Little Canyon; parties; picnics; population; Portland, Oregon; Prince Rupert; Seeley; skating; snowshoes; supplies; tennis

subjects

paddlewheelers; recreation; riverboats; Skeena River; steamboats; sternwheelers; teen life; water transport; youth

Interview with Vern Hoff of the Canadian Elks Lodge and Phil Leroux of the Smithers Elks Lodge about their involvement with the Elks organization.

keywords

children's camps; community calendar; Elk Ness; Elks Hall; Fall Fair; food booth; Ladies of the Royal Purple; membership; pancake breakfast; Purple Cross; summer camps

subjects

Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks; BPOE; Canadian Elks Lodge; clubs; community service; Elks; fraternities; fundraising; organizations; Smithers Elks Lodge

Interview with Jim Mahoney of Granisle, primarily about logging and trucking work in southern B.C.

keywords

Babine Lake; car repairs; cars; fishing; logging camps; logging trucks; logs; meals; milling; trees; wood

subjects

hobbies; labour; logging; truck driving; trucking; work

Interview with Ivy Strimbold (nee McInnes), who relates her stories of life in the Bulkley Valley in the early 1900s. Her parents, Archibald and Jessie McInnes, owned Pioneer Ranch at North Bulkley (between Houston and Topley).

keywords

Aldermere; Archibald McInnes; Billy Henry; Carr brothers ranch; cars; Cataline; Charles Barrett; Clark's ranch; community; cross-country skiing; Diamond D Ranch; dog teams; George Beirnes; Jack McNeill's ranch; Jack Seely's ranch; Jessie McInnes; Lowe's ranch; Mill ranch; mowing machine; pack trains; Pioneer Ranch; railroad; ranches; Smithers; travel routes

subjects

history; McInnes family; pioneer life; transportation; travel

Interview with Ella Glans of Burns Lake, discussing her arrival to and life in the area.

keywords

cabin; family; hobbies; Jonas Glans; livestock; marriage; railway work; school; Senior Citizens' Association

subjects

Burns Lake

Interview with Phyllis Davidson (nee Cummins), a longtime Bulkley Valley resident and former schoolteacher.

keywords

Anglican Church; dances; Evelyn; Galena Bay; grades; janitorial work; marriage; Normal School; one-room schoolhouse; responsibilities; Revelstoke; Ron Kilby; salary; school supplies; Senior Citizens' Association; teacher training

subjects

Evelyn School; Fall Fair; Muheim Memorial Elementary School; school; teacher; teaching; Walnut Park Elementary School

Interview with Dorothy Adamson, who spent most of her life in Ontario and Quebec before retiring to Houston.

keywords

Activity Centre; butcher shop; Chateauguay, Quebec; family; French; garbage man; marriage; Senior Citizens' Association; Stayner, Ontario; Toronto; tourist resort; Wasaga Beach

subjects

activities; family; hobbies; Houston

Interview with Eleanor Anderson, president of the Hazelton Senior Citizens Association and Women's Institute,

keywords

Fall Fair; gardening; health; Lions Club van; monthly themes; outings; picnics; rivet heater; rivet heating; shipyards; shopping; trips; Women's Institute; World War II

subjects

activities; events; Hazelton; hobbies; Senior Citizens' Association

Interview with Marjorie 'Bunny' Fink, a longtime resident of Telkwa and Smithers.

keywords

Bella Coola; Ben Fink; Betty Mine; blaster; blasting; C.P. Bussinger; Ernie Bradley; Fink sawmills; government office; hobbies; mining; Prince Rupert; Queen Charlotte Islands; Senior Citizens Association; Telkwa Hotel; travel; trips; Tyhee Lake; Tyhee Mary; vacations

subjects

Smithers; Telkwa

Interview with Winnie (Winifred) and Clary (Clarence) Goodacre, the founders of Goodacre's Store in Smithers.

keywords

buying goods; Doodson's Store; employees; Gray's Orchestra; Great Depression; Harold Mehaffey; Royal Bank; Watson's Store

subjects

Goodacre family; Goodacre's Store; grocery business; Smithers; Telkwa

Less detail

Interview with Cornelius Bot

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions12231
Date Range
January 23 1995
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Scope and Content
Interview with Cornelius Bot, recorded January 23 1995 at the Bulkley Valley Museum by Carly Blair. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, MP3 access file, and .pdf release form.
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Creator
Carly Blair
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.25
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
747 MB of digital records
Date Range
January 23 1995
History / Biographical
Cornelius Bot (1910-1998) immigrated from Holland to Smithers in 1958 with his wife Alida and their eight children. He established a chicken farm in the early 1960s and was an avid equestrian, member of the Northern Saddle Club, and contributor to the Fall Fair.
Scope and Content
Interview with Cornelius Bot, recorded January 23 1995 at the Bulkley Valley Museum by Carly Blair. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, MP3 access file, and .pdf release form.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

What life was like being an immigrant and moving to Canada without speaking English.

keywords

immigrant; mill; old country; pay; St. Joseph's School

subjects

immigration; Smithers

Building a house with his family and sharing pay cheques in order to build and live together.

keywords

building house; bush; Holland; hospital; lots; money pile; old way; plane; years

subjects

family; house

Selling eggs in Smithers and making a name for himself with big businesses.

keywords

1930s; acres; brothers; chicken house; cows; egg farm; farm; festival; full-time; grade 8; potatoes; Super Valu

subjects

farmer

Why Bot married his wife, and why his father died.

keywords

brain cancer; engagement

subjects

death; family; marriage

Working in Smithers and balancing life with the egg business.

keywords

bar; Bulkley Hotel; burnt down; eggs; fire; First Nations; Hazelton; highway; horses; house; wood roads

subjects

business

What Bot did in his spare time like teaching his wife English, building, dancing, and so on.

keywords

Anna Bot; brother; dancing; horses; playing cards; sister; soccer; workshop

subjects

hobbies; language; recreation; Smithers

Less detail

Interview with Ruby Hoskins

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions12254
Date Range
August 13 1990
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Scope and Content
Interview with Ruby Hoskins (nee Williams), recorded on August 13th 1990 by Lori Hudson. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, an .MP3 access file, and a .pdf release form.
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Creator
Lori Hudson
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.47
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
1.37 GB of digital records
Date Range
August 13 1990
Scope and Content
Interview with Ruby Hoskins (nee Williams), recorded on August 13th 1990 by Lori Hudson. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, an .MP3 access file, and a .pdf release form.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

Ruby Hoskins begins the interview with an overview of her childhood in Wales and her family's immigration to the Bulkley Valley in 1928. She discusses the family's reasons for moving to Smithers, how they travelled from Britain to Canada, and what they did shortly after their arrival in their new home.

keywords

arrival; Bulkley Hotel; Cardiff, Wales; dairy farm; Driftwood; farm; farming; log cabin; ranch; RMS Empress of France; Soldier Settlement Board; Telkwa; Thomas Williams; train; train cars; transportation; travel

subjects

childhood; immigration; Smithers; Wales; Williams family

Hoskins discusses how she worked as a waitress in the Bulkley Hotel shortly after her arrival in Smithers. She includes a story about the hotel's cook, Sam Hunt, and an interaction with some uncooperative customers.

keywords

cook; customers; dining room; drunkenness; houses; prospecting; restaurant; Sam Hunt; San Francisco earthquake; Smithers Hotel; visiting; waitress

subjects

Bulkley Hotel; employment; work

Hoskins discusses working for the Carr family, who helped her adjust to her new life in Canada.

keywords

children; Christmas; Jack Carr; jobs for young women; Katie Carr; sayings

subjects

Carr family; employment; work

Hoskins discusses her work at the Smithers post office and how mail was transported in the 1920s/30s.

keywords

proposals; sorting mail; train

subjects

communication; employment; post office; work

Hoskins discusses her marriage to Oswald in 1934 and the opening of his business, the Hoskins Service Station, during the Great Depression. She also mentions some of the differences between life in Wales and Canada.

keywords

Anglican Church; banker; Duncan, BC; economy; Great Depression; Henry Motors; honeymoon; jobs; mechanics; politics; Prince George; road conditions; roads; school; Wales

subjects

business; Hoskins Service Station; marriage; Oswald Hoskins

Hoskins discusses the first house she rented with her husband, as well as general housing in Smithers at the time.

keywords

garden; homesickness; Hoskins home; log houses; rent; tablecloth

subjects

buildings; homes; houses; housing

Hoskins gives her first impressions of Smithers' Main Street and its businesses, and tells of a miscommunication between herself and a shopkeeper at Dunlop's Store regarding cotton thread. Note that the audio cuts in and out around 31:25.

keywords

bathing suits; benches; buildings; clothing store; cotton thread; Eby's Hardware; Main Street ditch; miscommunication; Miss McLaughlin; Mrs. Dunlop; prospectors; sidewalks

subjects

businesses; Dunlop's Store; Main Street; Smithers

Hoskins gives her first impression of the Indigenous residents of Smithers and the Bulkley Valley. She talks of their reception in town and their contributions to the workforce, as well as differences in how ethnicity was viewed in Canada vs. Wales. (Warning that this section includes offensive language and stereotypical depictions of Indigenous people).

keywords

Carr family; ethnicity; farm work; post office; shopping

subjects

Indigenous labour; Indigenous people; race; racism

Hoskins talks briefly about the scarcity of electrical appliances in Smithers during the 1920s/30s, and how extra electricity was allotted on Mondays for powering the washing machines.

keywords

cleaning floors; CNR; wash day; washing machines

subjects

appliances; electricity; mechanization

Hoskins talks about the most common livelihoods in Smithers at the time she arrived, as well as the effect of the Great Depression and the Second World War on the local economy.

keywords

availability of goods; barter system; boarding house; Duthie Mine; economic diversification; farming; generosity; government workers; groceries; Hellish Mess; housing; mining; Mr. Finnerty; railway workers; ration books; rationing; timber; trading

subjects

economy; employment; Great Depression; livelihoods; occupations; work; World War II

Hoskins shares anecdotes about several notable locals: Smithers' first doctor, Cecil Hankinson (44:37); theatre-owner, businessman, and mechanic Wiggs O'Neill (49:24); and James Kirby, a policeman, mining registrar, and Clerk of the Peace (52:50). (Note: Kirby's son Ernest drowned in Tatalaska Lake, not Seymour Lake as stated in this interview).

keywords

death; drowning; Ernest Kirby; mail; movie theatre; photographs; post office; Seeley Lake; skating party; sorting mail

subjects

anecdotes; Dr. Cecil Hankinson; James Kirby; Wiggs O'Neill

Hoskins discusses some of the work she undertook later in her adult life: volunteering with the women's auxiliary for the Bulkley Valley District Hospital, and working as one of the first employees of the Tourist Information Centre. (Note: interview ends abruptly without proper conclusion).

keywords

accommodations; bazaar; bridge; bridge parties; Chamber of Commerce; children's costume ball; first aid courses; Halloween; hotels; Indigenous people; Katie Carr; Lake Kathlyn; maps; racism; radio station; Red Cross; Seeley Lake; swimming pool; World War II

subjects

employment; fundraising; Hospital Auxiliary; social events; tourism; Tourist Information Centre; tourists; volunteering; work

Less detail

Interview with Frank Dockrill Jr.

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions12243
Date Range
August 1991
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Scope and Content
Interview with Frank Dockrill Jr., recorded in August 1991 by Tom Leach. Includes raw and edited .WAV files and an MP3 access file.
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Creator
Tom Leach
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.36
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
0.97 GB of digital records
Date Range
August 1991
History / Biographical
Frank Dockrill Jr. (c. 1910-1999) was born to Frank Sr. and Elizabeth Dockrill and grew up on the family farm near Telkwa. His father founded the Bulkley Valley Collieries, where Frank worked as a young man. He married May Caldwell in 1939 and had two daughters, Beverley and Heather. Dockrill moved to Kitimat in 1957 to work as an electrician.
Scope and Content
Interview with Frank Dockrill Jr., recorded in August 1991 by Tom Leach. Includes raw and edited .WAV files and an MP3 access file.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

Frank Dockrill recounts his father's early mining career and how it brought his family to the Bulkley Valley. Note: start of interview appears to have been cut off.

keywords

Boer War; scrip; Skeena River; South African scrip; South African War; Telkwa; Vancouver; veterans; Woodmere Road; Yukon

subjects

Bulkley Valley; Dockrill family; Frank Dockrill Sr.; mining; prospecting

Dockrill discusses how his father would work on the family farm near Telkwa in the summer. One of the fields was used as an

keywords

A.E. Richards; crops; Frank Dockrill Sr.; grain; illustration station; inspector; potatoes; vegetables

subjects

agriculture; farming; farms; Summerland Experimental Farm

Dockrill discusses his father's winter job at the Santa Maria copper mine, as well as a brief foray into gold prospecting.

keywords

Atlin District; Frank Dockrill Sr.; gold; ore; sleighs; Tacoma

subjects

copper mining; mining; Santa Maria mine

Dockrill describes the creation and early days of the Bulkley Valley Collieries, which was founded by his father.

keywords

auger; blacksmiths; bunkhouse; coal drill; cookhouse; farmers; Frank Dockrill Sr.; Leach; Lejac Residential School; roads; safety lamps; shaft; Smithers Hospital; tunnel; winter employment

subjects

Bulkley Valley Collieries; coal mine; coal mining; Goat Creek; Telkwa Collieries

Continuation of the story of the Bulkley Valley Collieries. Dockrill describes how additional pits (and a strip mine) were dug when the first one became unusable, how changes in technology and regulations affected the work of the miners, and how the coal was marketed and sold.

keywords

army; BC Hydro; Charles Melville Hays; Coal Mines Regulations Act; coal pits; electricity; equipment; Frank Dockrill Sr.; generator; Grand Trunk Pacific Railway; Great Depression; machinery; marketing; railroads; strip mine; World War II

subjects

Bulkley Valley Collieries; coal mine; coal mining; Goat Creek; Telkwa Collieries

Brief discussion of Dockrill's lifelong fascination with electricity and how this interest overlapped with some of the jobs he worked as a young adult, both in the Bulkley Valley Collieries and while living in Vancouver.

keywords

electrician; Great Depression; May Dockrill; radio; Vancouver

subjects

electricity; employment; jobs; occupations; work

Dockrill discusses his father's hands-on approach to the running of the Bulkley Valley Collieries and how the family's shares in the company were eventually sold. Also a brief mention of how Dockrill Jr. moved to Kitimat to work as an electrician (begins at 33:15).

keywords

coal mining; death; electrician; wages; work

subjects

Bulkey Valley Collieries; coal mine; Frank Dockrill Sr.; Kitimat; Telkwa Collieries

Dockrill discusses what his daily routine was like while working at the Bulkley Valley Collieries.

keywords

coffee breaks; fans; inspector; shifts; silicosis; smoking; ventilation; working conditions

subjects

Bulkley Valley Collieries; coal mining; work

Frank and his wife May Dockrill describe their married life in Telkwa during the 1940s, with a focus on their first houses and how they eventually received modern amenities. Note: interview ends without a proper conclusion.

keywords

amenities; electricity; family life; generator; government agent; modern conveniences; Mrs. Goodwill; social life; teas; water pump

subjects

homes; houses; Telkwa

Less detail

Interview with Larry Miller

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions11949
Date Range
November 30 2020
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
textual record
Scope and Content
Interview with firefighter and former BC Tel employee Larry Miller, recorded November 30 2021 at the Old Church in Smithers by Cassandra McKenney, BVM oral history intern. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, MP3 access file, PDF bibliographic form, photo from day of interview, PDF and .docx copies …
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
textual record
Creator
Cassandra McKenney
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.11
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
2.22 GB of digital records
Date Range
November 30 2020
Scope and Content
Interview with firefighter and former BC Tel employee Larry Miller, recorded November 30 2021 at the Old Church in Smithers by Cassandra McKenney, BVM oral history intern. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, MP3 access file, PDF bibliographic form, photo from day of interview, PDF and .docx copies of question prep, and .csv file of subject indexing.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

Learning about Larry's family, who were early pioneers of Smithers.

keywords

apartment; bailer; Bulkley Hotel; Carr; Carr brothers; Carr Ranch; foster; Grand Forks; horses; lumber yard; mines; pioneers; police; Smithers; St. Paul's; Vancouver; WWI; WWII

subjects

family; parentage; pioneers

The different businesses that the Carr family owned.

keywords

Bill Carr; garage; Hetherington & Hooper; Jack Carr

subjects

business; family; lineage

Changing schools, working, finishing high school, and then starting a life.

keywords

altar boy; BC Tel; Catholic school; cooking; Fall Fair; girls; hardware store; Harmonettes; high school; public school; Sister Mary Andrew; TELUS

subjects

education

Working for BC Tel and seeing how it evolved through the years.

keywords

cable; district; line man; management; mill; party line; plant councillor; plowing; splicer; switch board; traveling; trouble shooter; union

subjects

TELUS

Miller's life as a fire fighter/paramedic.

keywords

assistant; bank; cabins; Fire Chief; fire hall; firefighting; first aid; Heimlich maneuver; industrial first aid; Junior Fire Department; PCP; volunteer

subjects

firefighting

What the life of a fire fighter really looks like, the good and the bad.

keywords

annual firemen's ball; BC Tel; drinking and driving laws; fire department; hockey; Prince Rupert; safety

subjects

car accidents; fire balls

This topic is on the work that Miller did to help develop the Child Wellness Centre, like finding the property, building the building, and finding the staff to run the show.

keywords

banker; Child Wellness Centre; Childhood Development Centre; Farmers' Market; farms; young offenders

subjects

Child Wellness Centre

After Miller retired he had a lot more time on his hands and he devoted that time to helping those in the community.

keywords

children and families; Children's Hospital; community; dances; Doctor Hook; Kinsmen Club; Lions Club; money; pool; rehab representative; Rehabilitation Centre; rodeo; Rotary Club; wheelchair

subjects

charity; community; hobbies; rehabilitation

Where Miller got his start in Smithers, first being at his mother's house, then being on his own in a basement suite, to later moving in with his wife.

keywords

Bulkley Valley Credit Union; fires; Hilltop; history of fire department; Interior News; rent

subjects

housing; photography; youth

How the town of Smithers has changed over the years and how farmers are being over run by the rail way and industrialization.

keywords

Bovill Motors; coal; courthouse; First Nations; ice; industry; jail; Kitimat; Lake Kathlyn; policeman; population growth; Post Office; rail yard; railroad; rural people

subjects

farmers; industrialization

Less detail

Interview with Dr. George Mackenzie

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions12283
Date Range
July 17, 1993
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Scope and Content
Interview with Dr. George Mackenzie, recorded on July 17th 1993 by Erin Candela. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, .MP3 access file, and .jpg release form.
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Creator
Erin Candela
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.58
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
1.28 GB of digital records
Date Range
July 17, 1993
Scope and Content
Interview with Dr. George Mackenzie, recorded on July 17th 1993 by Erin Candela. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, .MP3 access file, and .jpg release form.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

George McKenzie discusses his early years in the Bulkley Valley, including what his parents did for a living and why they moved to Smithers (from Moricetown/Witset).

keywords

Hazelton; Moricetown; section foreman; Smithers Hotel; station house

subjects

birth; childhood; moving; school

McKenzie describes the education he received during his elementary school days in Smithers.

keywords

discipline; literature; readers; school subjects; teachers

subjects

education; school

McKenzie describes what he would do for fun as a young boy in Smithers.

keywords

bear cub; curling rink; skating rink; softball

subjects

animals; athletics; childhood; entertainment; recreation; sports; wildlife

McKenzie describes how he was orphaned shortly after leaving Smithers and had to find a job as a young teenager during the Depression. He was eventually able to attend medical school in preparation for World War II.

keywords

anatomy; dissection; Great Depression; hotel clerk; John Gray; medical school; Vancouver; World War II

subjects

death of parents; education; employment; jobs; working

McKenzie describes the type of clothing worn during his younger days in Smithers, as well as how children would get into fights on the schoolyard.

keywords

knickers; schoolyard fights; winter wear

subjects

clothing

McKenzie describes the type of appliances and amenities available for cooking and food preservation during his childhood in Smithers.

keywords

amenities; appliances; electricity; refrigeration; wood stoves

subjects

cooking; food

McKenzie tells a story about policeman Anthony 'Big Mac' MacDonald, and describes the 1913 and 1929 bank robberies in Hazelton and Smithers respectively.

keywords

Andy Fairburn; butcher shop; Charlie Morris; George Heffernan; Hazelton bank robbery; jail; Pioneer Building; planting potatoes; Royal Bank

subjects

Anthony MacDonald; bank robbery; crime; law and order; policemen

McKenzie describes sports and other forms of outdoor recreation in Smithers during his childhood.

keywords

baseball; Chris Dahlie; fishing; Fujio Aida; hiking; hockey; ski competitions; ski jump; soccer; swimming

subjects

athletics; Lake Kathlyn; recreation; skiing; sports

McKenzie describes a bathhouse run by a Japanese family (presumably the Katsuro family) in Smithers during the 1920s. He also discusses prices during the Depression in Vancouver.

keywords

subjects

bathhouse; bathing; hygiene; money; prices

McKenzie discusses various aspects of his life after leaving Smithers, including living in Vancouver, suffering from eye problems, training to be a doctor, joining the military, and specializing in pediatrics.

keywords

eye problems; iritis; lead-swingers; marriage; pediatrics; Vancouver

subjects

air force; army; medical school; medical training; military; military training; World War II

McKenzie describes various forms of entertainment and recreation in Smithers during his childhood, including popular culture such as movies and music.

keywords

band; films; fishing; Fujio Aida; John Gray; Lake Kathlyn; Main Street ditches; movie theater; movie theatre; movies; scat singing; shells; silent films; singers; singing; skates; skating; Tommy Hetherington; town hall; violin lessons

subjects

activities; concerts; dancing; entertainment; music; recreation

Discussion of Sargent's Store and the types of candy and junk food available at the time.

keywords

Al Finnerty; cent candy; Moran's Corner; Sargent's Store; soda fountain

subjects

candy; drinks; junk food; shopping

McKenzie describes men riding the rails during the Great Depression, looking for jobs.

keywords

subjects

Great Depression; railway; riding the rails

McKenzie mentions how he used to love cross-country skiing by moonlight, and compares Smithers' winters to those in other places in Canada/the U.S.

keywords

subjects

McKenzie expresses his belief that Canadian youth should get to know their country and its history better.

keywords

subjects

Canada; history; travel; weather

McKenzie talks about leaving Smithers and losing his mother all before entering his teens.

keywords

hardships; homesickness

subjects

McKenzie discusses living in Montreal and gives his perspectives on Quebecois independence, the right to preserve one's culture, and the importance of French-Canadian history.

keywords

subjects

culture; history; Quebec; Quebecois

After signing off, interview begins again with discussion of boyhood Halloween pranks in Smithers. (Note: tape cuts off and comes back again around 42:28).

keywords

Andy McNaughton; Chong Kee Laundry; Evelyn Hotel; firecrackers; tipping outhouses

subjects

childhood; Halloween; holidays; pranks

McKenzie relates the story of how three Knockholt railway workers would sometimes find old socks in their stewed rhubarb.

keywords

Danny Matheson; Houston; Knockholt

subjects

rhubarb stew

McKenzie names the doctors and dentists who practiced in Smithers while he was a boy, and describes the methods and quality of health care available at the time.

keywords

appendicitis; barbers; castor oil; child mortality; cod liver oil; diseases; Dr. Alexander; Dr. R.B. Brummitt; Dr. R.C. Bamford; Dr. Vere Agnew; meningitis; pain relief; patent medicines; quack medicines; Sandy Gazely; World War II

subjects

dental care; dentists; doctors; health care

McKenzie gives his views on Americans and compares American and Canadian society.

keywords

AIDS; capital punishment; gun control; hanging; public health care

subjects

American vs. Canadian society; Americans

McKenzie's closing thoughts and comments.

keywords

'Ksan; child safety; hitchhiking; Michael Dunahee (kidnapped boy)

subjects

Less detail

Interview with Hal Windt

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions12274
Date Range
February 10, 1994
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Scope and Content
Interview with Harold (Hal) Windt, recorded on February 10th 1994 by Colin Wilmot. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, an .MP3 access file, and a .jpg release form.
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Creator
Colin Wilmot
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.77
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
988 MB of digital records
Date Range
February 10, 1994
Scope and Content
Interview with Harold (Hal) Windt, recorded on February 10th 1994 by Colin Wilmot. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, an .MP3 access file, and a .jpg release form.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

Interview begins with Windt identifying people in old photographs and discussing his school days in Smithers.

keywords

basketball; Bill Beaton; Larry Warner; Margaret Windt; nicknames; Olga Syrnyk; Pearl Hann; schoolteachers; Smithers Public School; Tom Jones; Vera Doodson

subjects

photographs; school; sports

Windt discusses how he moved from place to place after leaving Smithers in 1939, working various jobs in different towns throughout BC as well as training for the Air Force in Ottawa during the Second World War.

keywords

business school; Hazelton; Ottawa; road surveying; Vancouver; working; World War II

subjects

Air Force; employment; jobs; military service; money; moving; occupations; payment; prices; wages

Discussion of the Central Park Building and how police sergeants used to live on the top floor with their families.

keywords

Andy Fairbairn; Bill Service; jail cells; T.J. Thorpe; Tom Thorpe

subjects

Central Park Building; police sergeants; police station; Provincial Police

Windt talks about his friendship with Chris Dahlie, who taught him how to ski.

keywords

Elsie Dahlie; Hanson's farm; homemade skis; making skis; Malkow Hill; Silvern Lake; ski jumps

subjects

Chris Dahlie; Dahlie family; recreation; ski trips; skiing; sports

Windt discusses several large fires on Smithers' Main Street in the 1940s (not the 1930s as he states). He also identifies several buildings in streetscape photos from the 1950s.

keywords

Adams' Drug Store; Broadway Avenue; Gray's Jewellery; Henry Motors; Interior Stationery; Juniper Berry; liquor store; Main Street; Noel's Store; post office; Radio Shack; town hall; town office

subjects

buildings; fires; Main Street fires

Windt discusses past Smithers resident John Gray and his family.

keywords

Ethel Gray; Ethel Hetherington; Flo Gray; Flo Parker; Mamie Buchan; Mamie Gray; marriages

subjects

Gray family; John Gray

Windt briefly discusses the Aida family as well as the town's original curling and skating rinks.

keywords

Aida Cleaners; Fujio Aida; Kintaro Aida

subjects

Aida family; curling rink; skating rink; Tat Aida

Windt discusses the O'Neill family and the businesses they ran, including a theatre.

keywords

subjects

Bill O'Neill; O'Neill family; O'Neill Service Station and Garage; theatre

Windt discusses the Watson family and their grocery store, as well as several other Smithers businesses of the day.

keywords

athletics; Evitt's Hardware Store; Morris' Butcher Shop; Sealy and Doodson; sports; Watson memoirs

subjects

buildings; businesses; Watson family; Watson's Store; Wilf Watson

Windt discusses the sort of 'trouble' that he and others got up to in their youth.

keywords

dances; homemade wine; making whiskey; petty theft

subjects

alcohol; drinking; theft; troublemaking

Windt discusses differences between 'now' and 'then' in terms of lifestyle, entertainment, transportation, and people's general expectations.

keywords

dances; Driftwood; skiing

subjects

differences; entertainment; expectations; walking

Windt discusses the difficulty of finding work in the 1930s. He also mentions when and how his parents first came to Smithers.

keywords

Department of Highways; Land Assessor's Office; Provincial Building; Quesnel; riverboat; survey crew; surveying

subjects

arrival; employment; Great Depression; work

Windt discusses his current hobbies, including spinning wool, knitting, hunting, and fishing.

keywords

fishing; health problems; hunting; knitting; spinning wool; weaving

subjects

activities; hobbies; leisure; recreation

Windt discusses skating and fishing in the ditches on Main Street, as well as if anyone ever fell in them while drunk.

keywords

Chicken Creek; fishing; skating

subjects

alcohol; drinking; Main Street ditches; recreation

Windt discusses beer parlours, hotels, and pool rooms in early Smithers. (Note: interview ends abruptly mid-sentence).

keywords

Bulkley Hotel; Downeys; Henry Motors; Kennedy's Pool Room; McRae Hotel; Moran's Pool Room; Smithers Hotel

subjects

bars; beer parlours; hotels; pool halls; pool rooms

Less detail

Interview with Sherry Day

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions12471
Date Range
January 3 - 7, 2022
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Scope and Content
Two-part interview with Sherry Day, a Smithers nurse and guide-outfitter. Recorded by Sonja Lester for the Bulkley Valley Museum on January 3rd and 7th 2022 as part of the New Horizons for Seniors oral history project. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, .MP3 access files, and a .pdf release form.
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Creator
Sonja Lester
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.86
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
1.01 GB digital records
Date Range
January 3 - 7, 2022
Scope and Content
Two-part interview with Sherry Day, a Smithers nurse and guide-outfitter. Recorded by Sonja Lester for the Bulkley Valley Museum on January 3rd and 7th 2022 as part of the New Horizons for Seniors oral history project. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, .MP3 access files, and a .pdf release form.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

Sherry Day gives an outline of her background in the nursing field, including where she has studied and worked.

keywords

Minneapolis, Minnesota; nursing degree; nursing instructor; Oslo, Norway; Saskatoon; University of Saskatchewan

subjects

nursing; nursing education; nursing school

Day recounts why she and her first husband (Dr. Brian Reive) moved to Smithers, and how she became a nurse at the Bulkley Valley District Hospital. She identifies the departments in which she worked, names some of her coworkers, and discusses the effects of the Sisters of Saint Anne leaving the hospital and the transition from the 'old' building to the 'new.'

keywords

Birgit David; Christine Kapelar; Dr. Brian Reive; Jean MacDonald; Kate Lindbergh; Louise Watson; Margaret Goodacre; Mary Goodacre; medicine; midwives; moving; Mrs. Eby; pediatrics; Ron Olson; Sisters of Saint Anne; surgery; veterinarian

subjects

Bulkley Valley District Hospital; nurses; nursing; Smithers

Day briefly discusses working at a surgical daycare after her retirement.

keywords

OR

subjects

retirement; surgical daycare

Day discusses the camaraderie that developed between her and her fellow nurses-in-training at the University of Saskatoon.

keywords

class reunions; education; nurses' residence; Saskatoon

subjects

companionship; friendships; medical community; nurses

Day discusses working in the guide-outfitting industry alongside her second husband, Fletcher Day.

keywords

horses; hunting; Jenny Lester; Tahltan; Telegraph Creek; trailing

subjects

Fletcher Day; guide-outfitters; guide-outfitting; working

Day discusses her lifelong love of horses and dogs.

keywords

dog shows; Karen Stewart; Lakes District Kennel Club; shelties; shetland sheepdogs

subjects

animals; dogs; horses; pets

Day talks about how she would accompany patients being medically evacuated from Smithers by helicopter.

keywords

air ambulance; aircraft; med-evacs; medical evacuation; medivacs

subjects

health care

Day discusses changes to local health care since she first started nursing in Smithers, such as the reduced quality of in-hospital meals and the prepackaging of medications.

keywords

cafeteria; decentralization; food services; hospital meals; medications; Northern Health; pharmacist; pharmacy

subjects

Bulkley Valley District Hospital; health care

Closing of part 1 of the interview with Sherry Day.

keywords

yoga

subjects

Day discusses ways in which the hospital has changed since she started working there in 1973, such as getting a qualified pharmacist and improved cancer treatment.

keywords

cancer treatment; cancer ward; chemotherapy; Jean MacDonald; Lynn Shervill; medications; Norma John; pharmacist; pharmacy; Prince George

subjects

Bulkley Valley District Hospital; cancer; health care; nurses

Day speaks about the development of the hospital's palliative care services.

keywords

subjects

health care; hospice care; palliative care

Day speaks about the Hospital Auxiliary's role in raising money for the hospital.

keywords

donations; medical equipment

subjects

Hospital Auxiliary; New to You

Day talks about the hospital's commitment to continuing education amongst its staff and medical students, and how loss of funding has made this more difficult.

keywords

administration course; College of New Caledonia; funding; medical students; Myrtle McIntyre; nurses; practical experience; specialty courses; student practitioners; visiting lecturers

subjects

Bulkley Valley District Hospital; continuing education; medical training

Day discusses her involvement with the BC Nurses' Union, and elaborates on the difference between its mandate and that of the Registered Nurses' Association.

keywords

BC Nurses' Union; court ruling; Labour Relations Division; mandates; Registered Nurses' Association; Saskatchewan Union of Nurses

subjects

nurses' union; unions

Day discusses how Smithers is losing its medical services and specialists (largely to Terrace) as a result of centralization.

keywords

hospital administration; hospital leadership; hospitals; ICU; Intensive Care Unit; internal medicine; lab services; mental health care; psychiatric unit; safe room; Terrace

subjects

centralization; loss of services; loss of specialists

A brief discussion of the Hospital's maternity ward before the interview concludes.

keywords

birth; midwives; nurses; remodelling

subjects

Bulkley Valley District Hospital; maternity ward

Less detail

Lawrence Lapadat, Lois Lapadat, Ron Lapadat, c.1973

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions12675
Collection
BVM visual record collection
Description Level
Item
GMD
graphic material
Collection
BVM visual record collection
Description Level
Item
GMD
graphic material
Fonds No.
C2
Item No.
P9298
Accession No.
2011.34
Physical Description
1 photograph: colour (TIF)
Scan Resolution
200 dpi
Notes
Lawrence Lapadat, Lois Lapadat, Ron Lapadat, c.1973. They appear to be wearing ski helmets and winter clothing.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Images

Less detail

Interview with Daintre Riffel

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions12273
Date Range
April 23, 1991
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Scope and Content
Interview with Daintre Riffel (nee Goodacre), recorded on April 23rd 1991 by Terry Berg as part of the 1991 Smithers Alternate School students' series. Includes raw and edited .WAV files and an .MP3 access file.
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Creator
Terry Berg
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.70
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
1.33 GB of digital records
Date Range
April 23, 1991
Scope and Content
Interview with Daintre Riffel (nee Goodacre), recorded on April 23rd 1991 by Terry Berg as part of the 1991 Smithers Alternate School students' series. Includes raw and edited .WAV files and an .MP3 access file.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

Daintre Riffel talks about her school days in Smithers, including what subjects were taught, how education then differed from today, what her favourite grade was, and whether she was taught by her aunt (possibly Jean Burns or Susanna 'Kitty' McDonald).

keywords

arithmetic; basketball; eighth grade; extracurricular activities; geography; Glentanna School; reading; school subjects; spelling; teachers; writing

subjects

education; school

Riffel talks about different sports and other physical activities she enjoyed in her youth.

keywords

basketball; competitions; girls' hockey team; hockey; Mr. Johnson; ping-pong; skating; skiing; table tennis; tournaments; town hall; travel

subjects

activities; recreation; sports

Riffel, who has lived in the Smithers area her entire life, explains how her parents originally came to live the Valley.

keywords

Goodacre's Store; Soldiers' Settlement Land; Telkwa; Third Avenue; Tyhee Lake

subjects

Clarence Goodacre Sr.; family history; houses; Smithers; Winnie Goodacre; Winnie McDonald

Riffel discusses her husband (Fred), his work on the railway, and how he came to Smithers with the army during the Second World War. She also talks about her children, particularly Jim.

keywords

14th Aerodrome Defence; air force; carman; Clarence Goodacre Sr.; Prince Rupert harbour; railroad work; railway man; Smithers Airport; Super-Valu; Valerie Riffel

subjects

children; family; Fred Riffel; Jim Riffel; jobs; military; occupations; work

Riffel discusses her work as a secretary at the Royal Bank, particularly how much she was able to earn.

keywords

Laurel Roumieu; Marcella Edmonds

subjects

earnings; employment; jobs; money; occupations; payment; Royal Bank; wages; work

Riffel discusses the changes that have occurred in Smithers over the years, mostly in terms of infrastructure.

keywords

boardwalks; corduroy roads; ditches; infrastructure; Main Street; pavement; road conditions; sidewalks

subjects

development; Smithers; urban growth

Riffel discusses the houses she's lived in over the years and the amenities they've had.

keywords

electricity; Fred Riffel; grandparents; plumbing; ranch house; water pump

subjects

amenities; homes; houses

Riffel discusses the growth of Smithers at the expense of Telkwa, the former towns of Hubert and Aldermere, and whether she has ever wanted to move away.

keywords

floodplain; floods; jobs; railroad; swamp

subjects

Aldermere; Hubert; Smithers; Telkwa

Riffel identifies some of the older buildings in town, including the Central Park Building. She discusses the latter's use as a jail and whether there was a lot of crime in Smithers at the time.

keywords

Adams' Drugstore; bank robberies; Bulkley Hotel; Central Clothing; drinking; drunkenness; guns; Juniper Berry; liquor store; post office

subjects

buildings; Central Park Building; crime; historic buildings; jail; Provincial Government Building; punishment

Riffel discusses what it was like to grow up in the family store, including having to ration during World War II, what shopping was like before the era of self-serve grocery stores, and how prices have changed over the years.

keywords

butcher shop; inflation; peanut butter; World War II

subjects

Goodacre's Store; prices; rationing; shopping; working

Riffel mentions more of Smithers' early buildings, such as Mah Yoke Tong's bakery, and who constructed many of these businesses.

keywords

Bulkley Hotel; Ernie Hann; Smithers Bakery; Spicer and Roumieu Insurance

subjects

Bovill & Hann; buildings; historic buildings

Riffel discusses community events in Smithers, such as school Christmas concerts and Sunday walks to the river. (Note: topic changes abruptly around 26:48; seemingly a section is missing).

keywords

Anglican hall; Bulkley River; costumes; dances; Scout Hall; Sunday walks; theatre; town hall; walking

subjects

Christmas concerts; community events

Riffel discusses the old-fashioned social mores and values of the 1930s and 40s, sharing the story of a teenaged girl who was ostracized for becoming pregnant.

keywords

adoption; schoolteachers

subjects

changing values; mores; social standards; societal attitudes; teenage pregnancy; values

Riffel discusses the prominence of the Church in the community and mentions the different hospital buildings which have been used over the years.

keywords

church choir; church picnics; nurses' home

subjects

Bulkley Valley District Hospital; church; hospital

Riffel talks about Watson's Store and shares a story about Walter Watson helping her brother Jim deliver groceries.

keywords

Apollo Automotive; Clarence Goodacre Sr.; competition; delivering groceries; grocery stores

subjects

Jim Goodacre; Walter Watson; Watson family; Watson's Store

Riffel names some old schoolmates who still live in Smithers, and discusses how some students had to walk to school all the way from Lake Kathlyn.

keywords

Chuck Morris; Gordie Hetherington; Lake Kathlyn; Mary Watson; Pat McCammon; skiing

subjects

classmates; school; schoolmates; walking to school

Discussion of the Watson boys, competition between local sports teams, and how the Riffels boarded and coached junior hockey players from out-of-town in the 1970s.

keywords

Bruins; competition; Gnats; hockey teams; Jimmy Watson; Joe Watson; Mary Watson; Philadelphia Flyers; Smithers Totems

subjects

boarding; coaching hockey; Fred Riffel; hockey; junior hockey; sports

Less detail

Interview with John Gyger

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions12249
Date Range
August 8 1997
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Scope and Content
Interview with John Gyger, recorded at his home on August 8th 1997 by Misty Jorgen. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, an MP3 access file, and a .jpg release form.
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Creator
Misty Jorgen
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.42
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
1.35 GB of digital records
Date Range
August 8 1997
History / Biographical
John Gyger was born in Adelboden, Switzerland to Fritz and Rosa Gyger. He and his family came to Canada in 1937 as part of the first wave of Swiss immigrants to the Bulkley Valley. Gyger made a living by farming, logging, and working on the railway. He married Wilma Gorley in 1947 and had three children.
Scope and Content
Interview with John Gyger, recorded at his home on August 8th 1997 by Misty Jorgen. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, an MP3 access file, and a .jpg release form.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

John Gyger discusses his early childhood in Adelboden, Switzerland, the jobs that his father took to support the family, and how the financial difficulties of the Depression eventually caused them to immigrate to Canada.

keywords

Adelboden, Switzerland; Fritz Gyger Sr.; gravel pit; Gyger family; hobby farm; house; immigration to Canada; labourer; money; parents; population; rail car; rock crusher; Rosa Gyger; siblings; snow shovelling

subjects

childhood; economic difficulties; family; immigration; jobs; Switzerland

John tells a story about a sleigh that his family used to pull hay and firewood in Switzerland. It was left behind when the family immigrated in 1937, but he had it shipped to Canada as a keepsake almost 60 years later.

keywords

farm; firewood; Harold Gyger; hay; hay bales; Switzerland

subjects

family heirlooms; sled; sleigh

John recounts his family's immigration to Canada, detailing the economic difficulties that drove them to leave Switzerland, the application process and requirements to come to Canada, how the journey from Adelboden to Smithers was made, and who was waiting to greet them upon their arrival.

keywords

Basel, Switzerland; buses; Canadian National Railways; children; Czechoslovakian immigrants; economy; employment; fighting; Fritz Gyger Jr.; Fritz Gyger Sr.; Great Depression; groceries; Halifax, Nova Scotia; houses; immigration advertisements; immigration application; jobs; language barrier; Le Havre, France; money; Paris, France; payment; Polish immigrants; Smithers Railway Station; Swiss immigrants; teamster; train; transportation; travel; wages; work; World War II

subjects

Canada; immigration; Switzerland

Gyger recounts events during his family's first few years in Smithers, including losing their first home to fire, sleeping in the train car for a week after arriving in Smithers, being shown around town by two local men, and fishing in the nearby river. He also recounts the first farm his parents bought and what sort of work they did to support themselves.

keywords

army; Ben Miller; burned down; burning; C.P. Bussinger; cash; chair; cows; cream; cutting wood; dairy; donations; E.T. Kenney; employment; farm; farming; firewood; fishing; generosity; granary; Jack Chapman; labour; Mah Yoke Tong; odd jobs; passenger car; river; road conditions; Smithers Bakery; Telkwa; train car; transfer business; woodshed; World War II

subjects

farm; fire; Gyger family; Smithers; work

Gyger spent a year and a half at school in Smithers before dropping out to work on the family farm. He recounts the building he attended school in (misidentified as Chandler Park School, which did not open until 1963; likely Smithers Elementary/Public School instead), the teachers who taught him, the differences between Swiss and Canadian schools, and the lack of Indigenous students in the classrooms. From around 34:50 to 37:10 he briefly discusses several local Indigenous people and the Lejac Residential School. (Warning that this section may be triggering to some and contains inappropriate and offensive attitudes towards Residential Schools).

keywords

Agnes Schibli; classrooms; Della Herman; Grace Ball; gymnasium; Indigenous people; Indigenous students; Jack Joseph; Jean Baptiste; language barriers; learning English; Lejac Residential School; Ralph Smith; reading; recess; school supplies; swings; teachers; Telkwa; Vera Doodson; washrooms; writing

subjects

education; school; Smithers Elementary School; Smithers Public School

Gyger discusses the jobs he held after dropping out of school, primarily his time in the logging industry, but with some mentions of farming and railway work as well. He goes into detail about the various methods, tools, and equipment used in logging, as well as the hours the men worked and the pay they received.

keywords

army; cab driver; Canadian National; Carmen Gibson; Carr Ranch; Caterpillar machine; Charlie Morris; Chris Dahlie; Claude Dohler; coal; crosscut saws; dairy farm; Dohler Flats; equipment; farm; farming; forestry; Fritz Gyger Jr.; horse logging; Indigenous workers; logging; logging camps; lumber; marriage; milking cows; money; payment; power saws; Prince George; Riverside Dairy; switch ties; timber; tools; trains; Wilma Gorley; Wilma Gyger; Woodmere Ranch; work hours

subjects

employment; jobs; logging; sawmills

Gyger describes the army training he received during World War II. The war ended before he could go overseas, but his brother Bill Gyger served in Europe and oversaw prisoners of war.

keywords

advanced training; basic training; Bill Gyger; Germans; Ontario; prisoners of war; Vancouver; Wetaskiwin, Alberta

subjects

army; army training; military; World War II

Brief discussion of Gyger's marriage to Wilma Gorley and the family they raised. Note: interview ends abruptly with no real conclusion.

keywords

children; farming; grandchildren; Hardisty, Alberta

subjects

family; marriage; Wilma Gorley; Wilma Gyger

Less detail

Interview with Marcella Love

https://search.bvmuseum.org/link/descriptions12261
Date Range
April 22 1991
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Scope and Content
Interview with Marcella Love (nee Edmonds), recorded on April 22nd 1991 by Smithers Alternate School student Peter McGuinness. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, .MP3 access files, and a .jpg release form.
Collection
BVM Oral History collection
Description Level
File
GMD
sound recording
electronic record
Creator
Peter McGuinness
Fonds No.
C5
Item No.
2021.21.54
Accession No.
2021.21
Physical Description
1.80 GB of digital records
Date Range
April 22 1991
Scope and Content
Interview with Marcella Love (nee Edmonds), recorded on April 22nd 1991 by Smithers Alternate School student Peter McGuinness. Includes raw and edited .WAV files, .MP3 access files, and a .jpg release form.
Type of Record
Archival Description

Audio Tracks

Marcella Love (nee Edmonds) describes her first impressions upon moving to Smithers as a teenager in 1942. She explains why she did not attend high school in Smithers and instead entered the work force.

keywords

boardwalks; Bulkley Hotel; Clarence Goodacre Sr.; Goodacre's Store; highway; Katie Bernie; Main Street ditches; mastoids; mud; Olof Hanson; Prince Rupert; railway; school; short-term jobs; spring; trains

subjects

arrival; employment; first impressions; jobs; transportation; working

Love discusses the destructive Main Street fires of the mid-1940s, one of which she and her sisters narrowly escaped. Section also includes brief discussion on how the environment around Smithers has changed since that time.

keywords

air force; body cast; development; Edmonds sisters; expansion; fire department; firefighting; Hudson Bay Mountain glacier; nephew; Royal Bank

subjects

changes; environment; fires; Main Street fires; McGill building

Love discusses the effects of the Second World War on Smithers, particularly the presence of army and air force personnel stationed in and near the town.

keywords

Anglican Church Hall; army barracks; dances; McGill building; mess hall; officers' building; Town Hall

subjects

air force; army; RCAF; World War II

Love discusses what she did for fun during her teenage years and how she met her husband Wally.

keywords

dances; skiing; softball; swimming

subjects

entertainment; recreation; sports; teenagers; Wally Love; youth

Love describes what it was like to work at the Royal Bank and Goodacre's Store during the 1940s.

keywords

accounting books; bagging; Bert Kenney; bulk foods; cash registers; clerks; coupons; deliveries; groceries; guns; interest rates; ledger system; orders; pay; prices; rationing; robberies; Union Bank; wages; World War II

subjects

duties; employment; Goodacre's Store; jobs; occupations; responsibilities; Royal Bank; work; working

Love discusses the Main Street fires, specifically how they may have started and how she and her family were able to escape.

keywords

Blue Goose Cafe; buildings; Bulkley Hotel; forest fires; McGill building; ski dance

subjects

escape; fires; Main Street fires; survival

Love identifies various businesses open in Smithers at the time of the fires and discusses how people came into town to buy their groceries and supplies.

keywords

Charlie Morris' Store; Elliott's Store; Goodacre's Store; Gray's Jewelry; Hoskins Garage; Leach Brothers' Store; Noel's Store; O'Neill's Garage; Smithers Bakery; tailor shop; Wall's; Watson's Store

subjects

businesses; groceries; shopping; Smithers

Love answers the question of whether there were people of diverse ethnicities living in Smithers back in the 1940s.

keywords

Babine Lake; BC Cafe; Chinese cafes; Europeans; Moricetown; reservations; reserves; Swiss immigrants; Wing's Cafe; Witset

subjects

diversity; ethnicities; ethnicity; Indigenous people; race

Love identifies the types of transportation available during her time in Smithers.

keywords

cars; costs; Jim Adams; shopping; Wall's Taxi

subjects

transportation; vehicles

Love discusses the house she designed in 1970 and in which she lived at the time of the interview. Section also includes discussion on how the weather has changed over the years.

keywords

architectural plans; cold; daughters; fireplace; grandchildren; Hazelton; Kispiox Valley; layout; Second Avenue; shopping; snow; snow removal; winters

subjects

climate; home; house; housing; temperatures; weather

Love talks about her husband Wally and his family's background in the Kispiox Valley.

keywords

Anna Love; bachelors; England; Farmer's Institute; farming; Grand Trunk Pacific Railway; homestead; John Love; Kispiox village; Sweden

subjects

family background; homesteading; Kispiox Valley; Love family; Wally Love

Love discusses how, as an employee of the Royal Bank, she handled mail and payroll for many different business ventures throughout the Valley, such as mines, sawmills, and tie camps.

keywords

deposits; Duthie Mine; Hazelton; Houston; Kispiox; Kitwanga; mail; population; Red Rose Mine; Silver Standard Mine; Simpson's Gulch; Topley

subjects

banking; businesses; forestry; logging; mines; mining; resource industries; Royal Bank; sawmills; tie camps

Love discusses jobs she held after leaving the Royal Bank, including guiding big game hunters in the Kispiox Valley and operating her own jade-selling business.

keywords

Americans; big game guiding; big game hunting; Credit Union; fishermen; geology; guide-outfitting; guiding camps; Hanson Lumber & Timber; hunters; jade business; jade mining; Love brothers; Royal Bank; Smithers Airport; tourists; Tyee Motel

subjects

businesses; employment; jade; jobs; occupation

Love answers a few final questions - if there was a year when a large influx of people came to Smithers, and whether her family ever farmed.

keywords

Glentanna; railway; Swiss immigrants

subjects

farming; immigration; population boom

Less detail

97 records – page 1 of 5.