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- The frame of this bone crusher consists of three legs at the bottom which is fastened to a malleable piece of iron. This piece of iron encapsulates the axle. Above the axle, the malleable piece of iron divides into two pieces. Each piece has a hole through the top where a metal rod is located. T…
- TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT FOR MATERIALS
- AGRICULTURAL TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
- The frame of this bone crusher consists of three legs at the bottom which is fastened to a malleable piece of iron. This piece of iron encapsulates the axle. Above the axle, the malleable piece of iron divides into two pieces. Each piece has a hole through the top where a metal rod is located. The same rod is fastened to the large flywheel. The flywheel consists of a 54cm diam. wheel with a 12cm wooden handle. The same side has "JOLIET ILL., HUMPHREY & SONS" embossed and "4" imprinted on it. The other side of the wheel has a small gear fastened in the center of it. This small gear sits upon a larger gear that is fastened to the axle. The other side of the axle has an iron disk attached to it. One side of the disk has ridges while the other side is smooth. Three evenly spaced slits run from the center of the disk to the rim. Each slit has a blade fastened to one side. Beside the disk is a hopper with indecipherable letters on the face of it. The rim of the hopper is a separate piece of malleable iron. One part of the rim is ridged then it extends over the disk then onto the iron rod that's attached to the flywheel. A curved knob is attached near the end on top. A metal door that is shaped like the hopper is connected to part of the rim. It also connects to a wheel with a gear attached to the middle. This gear over along the ridged rim when the wheel turns. When the wheel turns the door also moves in the same direction. The face of the door has "PAT JULY 3, 1900, CANADA PATENTED 1901"
- 'Farm Tools' by Michael Partridge, p.179
- History Of Use
- This bone crusher was used to grind up animal bones to make bone meal for fertilizer. This was a common practice still in the early 1900's until commercial fertilizer became more readily available. Bone crushers such as this one were used by farmers because animal bones were readily available on the farm and therefore were an inexpensive form of fertilizer.
This bone crusher was used on the Bayson farm which was established in the late 1800's by an uncle of Fred Bayson. Fred took over the farm upon the death of his uncle in 1924 and worked at farming in the Bulkley Valley until his death in 1979.
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- Type of Record
- Museum Artifact